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  • Open Access


    Convolution-Based Heterogeneous Activation Facility for Effective Machine Learning of ECG Signals

    Premanand S., Sathiya Narayanan*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 25-45, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042590

    Abstract Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL) technologies are revolutionizing the medical domain, especially with Electrocardiogram (ECG), by providing new tools and techniques for diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases. However, DL architectures are computationally more demanding. In recent years, researchers have focused on combining the computationally less intensive portion of the DL architectures with ML approaches, say for example, combining the convolutional layer blocks of Convolution Neural Networks (CNNs) into ML algorithms such as Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) and K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) resulting in CNN-XGBoost and CNN-KNN, respectively. However, these approaches are homogenous in the… More >

  • Open Access


    A Smart Heart Disease Diagnostic System Using Deep Vanilla LSTM

    Maryam Bukhari1, Sadaf Yasmin1, Sheneela Naz2, Mehr Yahya Durrani1, Mubashir Javaid3, Jihoon Moon4, Seungmin Rho5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 1251-1279, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040329

    Abstract Effective smart healthcare frameworks contain novel and emerging solutions for remote disease diagnostics, which aid in the prevention of several diseases including heart-related abnormalities. In this context, regular monitoring of cardiac patients through smart healthcare systems based on Electrocardiogram (ECG) signals has the potential to save many lives. In existing studies, several heart disease diagnostic systems are proposed by employing different state-of-the-art methods, however, improving such methods is always an intriguing area of research. Hence, in this research, a smart healthcare system is proposed for the diagnosis of heart disease using ECG signals. The proposed… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning Approach for Automatic Cardiovascular Disease Prediction Employing ECG Signals

    Muhammad Tayyeb1, Muhammad Umer1, Khaled Alnowaiser2, Saima Sadiq3, Ala’ Abdulmajid Eshmawi4, Rizwan Majeed5, Abdullah Mohamed6, Houbing Song7, Imran Ashraf8,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.2, pp. 1677-1694, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.026535

    Abstract Cardiovascular problems have become the predominant cause of death worldwide and a rise in the number of patients has been observed lately. Currently, electrocardiogram (ECG) data is analyzed by medical experts to determine the cardiac abnormality, which is time-consuming. In addition, the diagnosis requires experienced medical experts and is error-prone. However, automated identification of cardiovascular disease using ECGs is a challenging problem and state-of-the-art performance has been attained by complex deep learning architectures. This study proposes a simple multilayer perceptron (MLP) model for heart disease prediction to reduce computational complexity. ECG dataset containing averaged signals More >

  • Open Access


    Improved Bat Algorithm with Deep Learning-Based Biomedical ECG Signal Classification Model

    Marwa Obayya1, Nadhem NEMRI2, Lubna A. Alharbi3, Mohamed K. Nour4, Mrim M. Alnfiai5, Mohammed Abdullah Al-Hagery6, Nermin M. Salem7, Mesfer Al Duhayyim8,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 3151-3166, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.032765

    Abstract With new developments experienced in Internet of Things (IoT), wearable, and sensing technology, the value of healthcare services has enhanced. This evolution has brought significant changes from conventional medicine-based healthcare to real-time observation-based healthcare. Bio-medical Electrocardiogram (ECG) signals are generally utilized in examination and diagnosis of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) since it is quick and non-invasive in nature. Due to increasing number of patients in recent years, the classifier efficiency gets reduced due to high variances observed in ECG signal patterns obtained from patients. In such scenario computer-assisted automated diagnostic tools are important for classification of… More >

  • Open Access


    Automated Deep Learning Based Cardiovascular Disease Diagnosis Using ECG Signals

    S. Karthik1, M. Santhosh1,*, M. S. Kavitha1, A. Christopher Paul2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.1, pp. 183-199, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.021698

    Abstract Automated biomedical signal processing becomes an essential process to determine the indicators of diseased states. At the same time, latest developments of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques have the ability to manage and analyzing massive amounts of biomedical datasets results in clinical decisions and real time applications. They can be employed for medical imaging; however, the 1D biomedical signal recognition process is still needing to be improved. Electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the widely used 1-dimensional biomedical signals, which is used to diagnose cardiovascular diseases. Computer assisted diagnostic models find it difficult to automatically classify the… More >

  • Open Access


    An Attention Based Neural Architecture for Arrhythmia Detection and Classification from ECG Signals

    Nimmala Mangathayaru1,*, Padmaja Rani2, Vinjamuri Janaki3, Kalyanapu Srinivas4, B. Mathura Bai1, G. Sai Mohan1, B. Lalith Bharadwaj1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.2, pp. 2425-2443, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016534

    Abstract Arrhythmia is ubiquitous worldwide and cardiologists tend to provide solutions from the recent advancements in medicine. Detecting arrhythmia from ECG signals is considered a standard approach and hence, automating this process would aid the diagnosis by providing fast, cost-efficient, and accurate solutions at scale. This is executed by extracting the definite properties from the individual patterns collected from Electrocardiography (ECG) signals causing arrhythmia. In this era of applied intelligence, automated detection and diagnostic solutions are widely used for their spontaneous and robust solutions. In this research, our contributions are two-fold. Firstly, the Dual-Tree Complex Wavelet… More >

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