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  • Open Access


    Optimization of Center of Gravity Position and Anti-Wave Plate Angle of Amphibious Unmanned Vehicle Based on Orthogonal Experimental Method

    Deyong Shang1,2, Xi Zhang1, Fengqi Liang1, Chunde Zhai1, Hang Yang1, Yanqi Niu1,2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 2027-2041, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045750

    Abstract When the amphibious vehicle navigates in water, the angle of the anti-wave plate and the position of the center of gravity greatly influence the navigation characteristics. In the relevant research on reducing the navigation resistance of amphibious vehicles by adjusting the angle of the anti-wave plate, there is a lack of scientific selection of parameters and reasonable research of simulation results by using mathematical methods, and the influence of the center of gravity position on navigation characteristics is not considered at the same time. To study the influence of the combinations of the angle of the anti-wave plate and the… More >

  • Open Access



    Kun Zhang*, Liang Bi Wang

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.7, pp. 1-7, 2016, DOI:10.5098/hmt.7.18

    Abstract Detailed numerical analysis is presented for the effect of spaceship orbital transfer on solution convection during protein crystal growth under microgravity. The results show that the flow and mass transfer during protein crystal growth are unsteady in the process of orbital transfer. For the case of quasi-steady acceleration, the flow is so weak that the effect of flow on concentration field can be negligible. For the case of position adjustment, the convection is enhanced with protein crystal diameter dc > 0.2 mm and slightly alters the purely diffusive concentration distribution under zero gravity condition. For the case of motor working,… More >

  • Open Access


    Mechanics of Multiphase Media Under Hyper-gravity Conditions

    Guannan Wang1,*, Yulin Huang1, Lei Wang1, Weijian Wang1

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.1, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09806

    Abstract With the energetic development of aerospace and aviation industries of our country, it is a critical and onerous mission to protect the life and health of astronauts and aviators. It is already demonstrated in the real flight or centrifuge test that several living organisms would suffer large deformations, instability or even damages under extreme hyper-gravity environment. To overcome the shortcomings from those direct experimental measurements in the literature, the present project will establish a theoretical framework to investigate the deformation and buckling of composite materials or structures systems under hyper-gravity effect. In the meantime, a centrifuge platform is built to… More >

  • Open Access



    Noraihan Afiqah Rawia , Abdul Rahman Mohd Kasimb , Zaiton Mat Isaa , Aurangzaib Mangic , Sharidan Shafiea,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.8, pp. 1-7, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.8.12

    Abstract Mixed convection flows of nanofluid past an inclined stretching sheet with g-jitter effect is studied in this paper. Water based nanofluid containing copper, copper oxide, aluminium oxide and silver nanoparticles are concerned. Coupled nonlinear partial differential equations are solved using Kellerbox method. The effect of solid nanoparticles volume fraction parameter, frequency of oscillation and inclination angle parameter is observed to reduce the skin friction and heat transfer coefficients whereas mixed convection parameter increases both skin friction and heat transfer coefficients. Present study also shows that, the heat transfer coefficient is highest for silver nanofluid. More >

  • Open Access



    Brenton S. Tafta,*, Kevin W. Irickb

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-7, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.24

    Abstract On September 7th, 2017 the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory launched the second Advanced Structurally Embedded Thermal Spreader (ASETSII) flight experiment to space on Orbital Test Vehicle 5. The ASETS-II experiment is made of three low-mass, low-cost oscillating heat pipes (OHPs) and an electronics/experiment control box. The three primary science objectives of the experiment are to measure the initial on-orbit thermal performance, to measure long duration thermal performance, and to assess any lifetime degradation. The three OHPs on ASETS-II are of varying configuration (center heating with single- and double-sided cooling) and working fluids (butane and R-134a) in order to isolate… More >

  • Open Access



    Yu.E. Nikolaenkoa , D.V. Pekurb,*, V.Yu. Кravetsa, V.M. Sorokinb, D.V. Kozaka , R.S. Melnyka, L.V. Lipnitskyia, A.S. Solomakhaa

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.18, pp. 1-13, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.18.23

    Abstract This study compares thermal characteristics of two design versions of a new low-cost air-cooling system with a standard heat sink profile and built-in flat heat pipes of a simple design with a similar cooling system design without the heat pipes. The aim of the work is to determining the thermal characteristics and choosing the most effective option in a practical context. Using computer simulation in the Solidworks Flow Simulation standard software package allowed determining how the temperature of 8 transistors with a total power of 224 W was affected by changes in air velocity from 1 to 30 m/s, effective… More >

  • Open Access


    Topology Optimization for Steady-State Navier-Stokes Flow Based on Parameterized Level Set Based Method

    Peng Wei1, Zirun Jiang1, Weipeng Xu1, Zhenyu Liu2, Yongbo Deng2,3, Minqiang Pan4,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.1, pp. 593-619, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.023978

    Abstract In this paper, we consider solving the topology optimization for steady-state incompressible Navier-Stokes problems via a new topology optimization method called parameterized level set method, which can maintain a relatively smooth level set function with a local optimality condition. The objective of topology optimization is to find an optimal configuration of the fluid and solid materials that minimizes power dissipation under a prescribed fluid volume fraction constraint. An artificial friction force is added to the Navier-Stokes equations to apply the no-slip boundary condition. Although a great deal of work has been carried out for topology optimization of fluid flow in… More >

  • Open Access


    Determination of Monitoring Control Value for Concrete Gravity Dam Spatial Deformation Based on POT Model

    Zhiwen Xie, Tiantang Yu*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.135, No.3, pp. 2119-2135, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.025070

    Abstract Deformation can directly reflect the working behavior of the dam, so determining the deformation monitoring control value can effectively monitor the safety of dam operation. The traditional dam deformation monitoring control value only considers the single measuring point. In order to overcome the limitation, this paper presents a new method to determine the monitoring control value for concrete gravity dam based on the deformations of multi-measuring points. A dam’s comprehensive deformation displacement is determined by the measured values at different measuring points on the positive inverted vertical line and the corresponding weight of each measuring point. The projection pursuit method… More >

  • Open Access


    Computational-Analysis of the Non-Isothermal Dynamics of the Gravity-Driven Flow of Viscoelastic-Fluid-Based Nanofluids Down an Inclined Plane

    Idrees Khan1,2, Tiri Chinyoka1,2,*, Andrew Gill3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 767-781, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.021921

    Abstract The paper explores the gravity-driven flow of the thin film of a viscoelastic-fluid-based nanofluids (VFBN) along an inclined plane under non-isothermal conditions and subjected to convective cooling at the free-surface. The Newton’s law of cooling is used to model the convective heat-exchange with the ambient at the free-surface. The Giesekus viscoelastic constitutive model, with appropriate modifications to account for non-isothermal effects, is employed to describe the polymeric effects. The unsteady and coupled non-linear partial differential equations (PDEs) describing the model problem are obtained and solved via efficient semi-implicit numerical schemes based on finite difference methods (FDM) implemented in Matlab. The… More >

  • Open Access


    Energy-Efficient Cluster in Wireless Sensor Network Using Life Time Delay Clustering Algorithms

    V. Kumar1,*, N. Jayapandian2, P. Balasubramanie3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.43, No.1, pp. 77-86, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.023481

    Abstract Through Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) formation, industrial and academic communities have seen remarkable development in recent decades. One of the most common techniques to derive the best out of wireless sensor networks is to upgrade the operating group. The most important problem is the arrangement of optimal number of sensor nodes as clusters to discuss clustering method. In this method, new client nodes and dynamic methods are used to determine the optimal number of clusters and cluster heads which are to be better organized and proposed to classify each round. Parameters of effective energy use and the ability to decide… More >

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