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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A 3D Frictionless Contact Domain Method for Large Deformation Problems

    S. Hartmann1, R. Weyler2, J. Oliver1, J.C. Cante2, J.A. Hernández1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.55, No.3, pp. 211-270, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.055.211

    Abstract This work describes a three-dimensional contact domain method for large deformation frictionless contact problems. Theoretical basis and numerical aspects of this specific contact method are given in [Oliver, Hartmann, Cante, Weyler and Hernández (2009)] and [Hartmann, Oliver, Weyler, Cante and Hernández (2009)] for two-dimensional, large deformation frictional contact problems. In this method, in contrast to many other contact formulations, the necessary contact constraints are formulated on a so-called contact domain, which can be interpreted as a fictive intermediate region connecting the potential contact surfaces of the deformable bodies. This contact domain has the same dimension as the contacting bodies. It… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fictitious Domain with Least-Squares Spectral Element Method to Explore Geometric Uncertainties by Non-Intrusive Polynomial Chaos Method

    L. Parussini1, V. Pediroda2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.22, No.1, pp. 41-64, 2007, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2007.022.041

    Abstract In this paper the Non-Intrusive Polynomial Chaos Method coupled to a Fictitious Domain approach has been applied to one- and two-dimensional elliptic problems with geometric uncertainties, in order to demonstrate the accuracy and convergence of the methodology. The main advantage of non-intrusive formulation is that existing deterministic solvers can be used. A new Least-Squares Spectral Element method has been employed for the analysis of deterministic differential problems obtained by Non-Intrusive Polynomial Chaos. This algorithm employs a Fictitious Domain approach and for this reason its main advantage lies in the fact that only a Cartesian mesh needs to be generated. Excellent… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fictitious Domain Approach for Spectral/hp Element Method

    L. Parussini 1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.17, No.2, pp. 95-114, 2007, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2007.017.095

    Abstract We propose a fictitious domain method combined with spectral/hp elements for the solution of second-order differential problems. This paper presents the formulation, validation and application of fictitiuos domain-spectral/hp element algorithm to one- and two-dimensional Poisson problems. Fictitious domain methods allow problems formulated on an intricate domain Ω to be solved on a simpler domain Π containing Ω. The Poisson equation, extended to the new domain Π, is expressed as an equivalent set of first-order equations by introducing the gradient as an additional indipendent variable, and spectral/hp element method is used to develop the discrete model. Convergence of relative energy norm… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Vibrations of Cracked Euler-Bernoulli Beams using Meshless Local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) Method

    U. Andreaus1,3, R.C. Batra2, M. Porfiri2, 3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.9, No.2, pp. 111-132, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.009.111

    Abstract Structural health monitoring techniques based on vibration data have received increasing attention in recent years. Since the measured modal characteristics and the transient motion of a beam exhibit low sensitivity to damage, numerical techniques for accurately computing vibration characteristics are needed. Here we use a Meshless Local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) method to analyze vibrations of a beam with multiple cracks. The trial and the test functions are constructed using the Generalized Moving Least Squares (GMLS) approximation. The smoothness of the GMLS basis functions requires the use of special techniques to account for the slope discontinuities at the crack locations. Therefore, a… More >

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