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  • Open Access


    The Lightweight Edge-Side Fault Diagnosis Approach Based on Spiking Neural Network

    Jingting Mei, Yang Yang*, Zhipeng Gao, Lanlan Rui, Yijing Lin

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4883-4904, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.051860

    Abstract Network fault diagnosis methods play a vital role in maintaining network service quality and enhancing user experience as an integral component of intelligent network management. Considering the unique characteristics of edge networks, such as limited resources, complex network faults, and the need for high real-time performance, enhancing and optimizing existing network fault diagnosis methods is necessary. Therefore, this paper proposes the lightweight edge-side fault diagnosis approach based on a spiking neural network (LSNN). Firstly, we use the Izhikevich neurons model to replace the Leaky Integrate and Fire (LIF) neurons model in the LSNN model. Izhikevich… More >

  • Open Access


    Abnormal Action Recognition with Lightweight Pose Estimation Network in Electric Power Training Scene

    Yunfeng Cai1, Ran Qin1, Jin Tang1, Long Zhang1, Xiaotian Bi1, Qing Yang2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4979-4994, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.050435

    Abstract Electric power training is essential for ensuring the safety and reliability of the system. In this study, we introduce a novel Abnormal Action Recognition (AAR) system that utilizes a Lightweight Pose Estimation Network (LPEN) to efficiently and effectively detect abnormal fall-down and trespass incidents in electric power training scenarios. The LPEN network, comprising three stages—MobileNet, Initial Stage, and Refinement Stage—is employed to swiftly extract image features, detect human key points, and refine them for accurate analysis. Subsequently, a Pose-aware Action Analysis Module (PAAM) captures the positional coordinates of human skeletal points in each frame. Finally, More >

  • Open Access


    An Improved UNet Lightweight Network for Semantic Segmentation of Weed Images in Corn Fields

    Yu Zuo1, Wenwen Li2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4413-4431, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049805

    Abstract In cornfields, factors such as the similarity between corn seedlings and weeds and the blurring of plant edge details pose challenges to corn and weed segmentation. In addition, remote areas such as farmland are usually constrained by limited computational resources and limited collected data. Therefore, it becomes necessary to lighten the model to better adapt to complex cornfield scene, and make full use of the limited data information. In this paper, we propose an improved image segmentation algorithm based on unet. Firstly, the inverted residual structure is introduced into the contraction path to reduce the… More >

  • Open Access


    Simulation of Fracture Process of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete Based on Digital Image Processing Technology

    Safwan Al-sayed, Xi Wang, Yijiang Peng*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4169-4195, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048916

    Abstract The mechanical properties and failure mechanism of lightweight aggregate concrete (LWAC) is a hot topic in the engineering field, and the relationship between its microstructure and macroscopic mechanical properties is also a frontier research topic in the academic field. In this study, the image processing technology is used to establish a micro-structure model of lightweight aggregate concrete. Through the information extraction and processing of the section image of actual light aggregate concrete specimens, the mesostructural model of light aggregate concrete with real aggregate characteristics is established. The numerical simulation of uniaxial tensile test, uniaxial compression… More >

  • Open Access


    Enabling Efficient Data Transmission in Wireless Sensor Networks-Based IoT Applications

    Ibraheem Al-Hejri1, Farag Azzedin1,*, Sultan Almuhammadi1, Naeem Firdous Syed2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4197-4218, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047117

    Abstract The use of the Internet of Things (IoT) is expanding at an unprecedented scale in many critical applications due to the ability to interconnect and utilize a plethora of wide range of devices. In critical infrastructure domains like oil and gas supply, intelligent transportation, power grids, and autonomous agriculture, it is essential to guarantee the confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity of data collected and exchanged. However, the limited resources coupled with the heterogeneity of IoT devices make it inefficient or sometimes infeasible to achieve secure data transmission using traditional cryptographic techniques. Consequently, designing a lightweight secure More >

  • Open Access


    Rapid and Accurate Identification of Concrete Surface Cracks via a Lightweight & Efficient YOLOv3 Algorithm

    Haoan Gu1, Kai Zhu1, Alfred Strauss2, Yehui Shi3,4, Dragoslav Sumarac5, Maosen Cao1,*

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 363-380, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.042388

    Abstract Concrete materials and structures are extensively used in transformation infrastructure and they usually bear cracks during their long-term operation. Detecting cracks using deep-learning algorithms like YOLOv3 (You Only Look Once version 3) is a new trend to pursue intelligent detection of concrete surface cracks. YOLOv3 is a typical deep-learning algorithm used for object detection. Owing to its generality, YOLOv3 lacks specific efficiency and accuracy in identifying concrete surface cracks. An improved algorithm based on YOLOv3, specialized in the rapid and accurate identification of concrete surface cracks is worthy of investigation. This study proposes a tailored… More >

  • Open Access


    Suboptimal Feature Selection Techniques for Effective Malicious Traffic Detection on Lightweight Devices

    So-Eun Jeon1, Ye-Sol Oh1, Yeon-Ji Lee1, Il-Gu Lee1,2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1669-1687, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047239

    Abstract With the advancement of wireless network technology, vast amounts of traffic have been generated, and malicious traffic attacks that threaten the network environment are becoming increasingly sophisticated. While signature-based detection methods, static analysis, and dynamic analysis techniques have been previously explored for malicious traffic detection, they have limitations in identifying diversified malware traffic patterns. Recent research has been focused on the application of machine learning to detect these patterns. However, applying machine learning to lightweight devices like IoT devices is challenging because of the high computational demands and complexity involved in the learning process. In… More >

  • Open Access


    A New Malicious Code Classification Method for the Security of Financial Software

    Xiaonan Li1,2, Qiang Wang1, Conglai Fan2,3, Wei Zhan1, Mingliang Zhang4,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.3, pp. 773-792, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2024.039849

    Abstract The field of finance heavily relies on cybersecurity to safeguard its systems and clients from harmful software. The identification of malevolent code within financial software is vital for protecting both the financial system and individual clients. Nevertheless, present detection models encounter limitations in their ability to identify malevolent code and its variations, all while encompassing a multitude of parameters. To overcome these obstacles, we introduce a lean model for classifying families of malevolent code, formulated on Ghost-DenseNet-SE. This model integrates the Ghost module, DenseNet, and the squeeze-and-excitation (SE) channel domain attention mechanism. It substitutes the… More >

  • Open Access


    Lightweight Res-Connection Multi-Branch Network for Highly Accurate Crowd Counting and Localization

    Mingze Li, Diwen Zheng, Shuhua Lu*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2105-2122, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048928

    Abstract Crowd counting is a promising hotspot of computer vision involving crowd intelligence analysis, achieving tremendous success recently with the development of deep learning. However, there have been still many challenges including crowd multi-scale variations and high network complexity, etc. To tackle these issues, a lightweight Res-connection multi-branch network (LRMBNet) for highly accurate crowd counting and localization is proposed. Specifically, using improved ShuffleNet V2 as the backbone, a lightweight shallow extractor has been designed by employing the channel compression mechanism to reduce enormously the number of network parameters. A light multi-branch structure with different expansion rate… More >

  • Open Access


    A Study on Enhancing Chip Detection Efficiency Using the Lightweight Van-YOLOv8 Network

    Meng Huang, Honglei Wei*, Xianyi Zhai

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 531-547, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048510

    Abstract In pursuit of cost-effective manufacturing, enterprises are increasingly adopting the practice of utilizing recycled semiconductor chips. To ensure consistent chip orientation during packaging, a circular marker on the front side is employed for pin alignment following successful functional testing. However, recycled chips often exhibit substantial surface wear, and the identification of the relatively small marker proves challenging. Moreover, the complexity of generic target detection algorithms hampers seamless deployment. Addressing these issues, this paper introduces a lightweight YOLOv8s-based network tailored for detecting markings on recycled chips, termed Van-YOLOv8. Initially, to alleviate the influence of diminutive, low-resolution… More >

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