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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MAGNETOCONVECTION AND IRREVERSIBILITY PHENOMENA WITHIN A LID DRIVEN CAVITY FILLED WITH LIQUID METAL UNDER MAGNETIC FIELD

    Fakher Oueslatia,b,†, Brahim Ben-Beyab

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.8, pp. 1-11, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.8.38

    Abstract The current study deals with a numerical investigation of magnetoconvection and entropy generation within a lid driven square cavity subject to uniform magnetic field and filled with liquid metal. Effects of multiple parameters namely; the Prandtl, Hartmann and Richardson numbers were predicted and analyzed using a numerical methodology based on the finite volume method and a full multigrid technique. The numerical outcome of the present study shows that, the enhancement of Hartmann number declines the heat transfer rate for all liquid metals considered. Moreover, it is observed that augmenting the Richardson number leads to acceleration of the flow with a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental Analysis of a Pneumatic Drop-on-Demand (DOD) Injection Technology for 3D Printing Using a Gallium-Indium Alloy

    Yanpu Chao1, Hao Yi2,3,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.3, pp. 587-595, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.015478

    Abstract Many liquid metals have a high boiling point, strong electrical conductivity, high thermal conductivity, and non-toxic properties, which make them ideal targets for applications in different fields such as optics, microcircuits, electronic switches, micro-electromechanical System (MEMS) devices and 3D printing manufacturing. However, owing to the generally high surface tension of these liquids, achieving uniform micro-droplets is often a challenge due to the inherent difficulties in controlling their size and shape. In this study, a gallium indium alloy (GaIn24.5) has been used in combination with a pneumatic drop-on-demand (DOD) injection technology to carry out a series of experiments. The micro-droplet forming… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Marangoni-Natural Convection in Liquid Metals in the Presence of a Tilted Magnetic Field

    S. Hamimid1, A.Amroune1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.6, No.4, pp. 369-384, 2010, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2010.006.369

    Abstract The Navier-Stokes and energy equations are numerically solved to investigate two-dimensional convection (originating from the combined effect of buoyancy and surface tension forces) in a liquid metal subjected to transverse magnetic fields. In particular, a laterally heated horizontal cavity with aspect ratio (height/width) =1 and Pr=0.015 is considered (typically associated with the horizontal Bridgman crystal growth process and commonly used for benchmarking purposes). The effect of a uniform magnetic field with different magnitudes and orientations on the stability of the two distinct convective solution branches (with a single-cell or two-cell pattern) of the steady-state flows is investigated. The effects induced… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Experimental Study on Enhancing Cooling Rates of Low Thermal Conductivity Fluids Using Liquid Metals

    S.-A. B. Al Omari1,2, E. Elnajjar1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.9, No.2, pp. 91-109, 2013, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2013.009.091

    Abstract In a previous numerical study (Al Omari, Int. Communication in Heat and Mass Transfer, 2011) the heat transfer enhancement between two immiscible liquids with clear disparity in thermal conductivity such as water and a liquid metal (attained by co- flowing them in a direct contact manner alongside each other in mini channel) was demonstrated. The present work includes preliminary experimental results that support those numerical findings. Two immiscible liquids (hot water and liquid gallium) are allowed experimentally to exchange heat (under noflow conditions) in a stationary metallic cup where they are put in direct contact. The experimental results confirm the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Study of Liquid Metal Flow in a Rectangular Duct under the Influence of a Heterogeneous Magnetic Field

    Evgeny V. Votyakov1, Egbert A. Zienicke1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.3, No.2, pp. 97-114, 2007, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2007.003.097

    Abstract We simulated numerically the laminar flow in the geometry and the magnetic field of the experimental channel used in [Andreev, Kolesnikov, and Thess (2006)]. This provides detailed information about the electric potential distribution for the laminar regime (numerical simulation) and in the turbulent regime as well (experiment). As follows from comparison of simulated and experimental results, the flow under the magnet is determined by the interaction parameter N = Ha2 / Re representing the ratio between magnetic force, determined by the Hartmann number Ha, and inertial force, determined by the Reynolds number Re. We compared two variants: (i)(Re,N)=(2000,18.6) (experiment), (400,20.25)… More >

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