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• Open Access

ARTICLE

### EFFECTS OF VARIABLE VISCOSITY ON HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER BY MHD MIXED CONVECTION FLOW ALONG A VERTICAL CYLINDER EMBEDDED IN A NON-DARCY POROUS MEDIUM

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.14, pp. 1-10, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.14.7

Abstract An analysis was performed to study the effects of variable viscosity on steady, laminar, hydromagnetic simultaneous heat and mass transfer by mixed convection flow along a vertical cylinder embedded in a non-Darcy porous medium. The analysis was performed for the case of power-law variations of both the surface temperature and concentration. The viscosity of the fluid is assumed to be an inverse linear function of temperature. Certain transformations were employed to transform the governing differential equations to non-similar form. The transformed equations were solved numerically by finite difference method. The entire regime of mixed convection was studied. From this study… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### FLUID FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER OVER A STRETCHING SHEET WITH TEMPERATURE DEPENDENT PRANDTL NUMBER AND VISCOSITY

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.15, pp. 1-8, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.15.20

Abstract A numerical study of fluid flow over stretching sheet with temperature dependent properties has been performed induced by mixed convection. The significant variation of the Prandtl number and viscosity in the temperature is observed [see table 1]. Viscosity and Prandtl number are vary in inverse of the linear function. The physical problem modeled in the mathematical equations in dimension form, which is converted to the non-dimensional equations by applying similarity transformations and suitable boundary conditions. The mathematical modelling problem is transformed PDE’s are numerically solved using Quasilinearization technique and FDM. The current numerical data has been presented in terms of… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### INVESTIGATION OF HEAT TRANSFER AND FLUID FLOW AROUND SINSOUDAL CORRUGATED CIRCULAR CYLINDER FOR TWODIMENSIONAL SYSTEM

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.15, pp. 1-9, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.15.6

Abstract Forced and mixed convection in 2-D, steady state, laminar flow and heat transfer around sinusoidal corrugated circular cylinder are numerically studied. Finite Element of Galerkin approach is used to analyze continuity, momentum and energy equation at Reynolds number (Re = 01, 45, 100, 200), Richardson Number (Ri=0, 1, 2), corrugation number (G = ꚙ, 3, 4, 5, 10), amplitude values (λ= 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.6) for Prandtl number (Pr = 0.71). Results show the variation of corrugation number G and amplitude value λ have important effect on the streamline , isothermal lines, local and average Nusselt number around the… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSYS OF RADIATIVE UNSTEADY MHD VISCOUS DISSIPATIVE MIXED CONVECTION FLUID FLOW PAST AN IMPULSIVELY STARTED OSCILLATING PLATE IN THE PRESENCE OF HEAT SOURCE

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.20, pp. 1-11, 2023, DOI:10.5098/hmt.20.5

Abstract The aim of present study is an influence of viscous dissipation and heat source on an unsteady MHD mixed convective, fluid flow past an impulsively started oscillating plate embedded in a porous medium in presence of magnetic field, heat and mass transfer. The modeling equations are converted to dimensionless equations then solved through Galerkin finite element method and discussed in the flow distributions with the help of MATLAB. Numerical results for the velocity, temperature and concentration distributions as well as the skin-friction coefficient, Nusselt number and Sherwood number are discussed in detail and displayed graphically for various physical parameters. It… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Influence of the Inclination Angle on Mixed Convection and Heat Transfer in a “T” Shaped Double Enclosure

FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.7, pp. 1753-1774, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025739

The effect of the tilt angle on mixed convection and related heat transfer in a “T” shaped double enclosure with four heated obstacles on the bottom surface is numerically investigated. The considered obstacles are constantly kept at a relatively high (fixed) temperature, while the cavity’s upper wall is cooled. The finite volume approach is used to solve the mass, momentum, and energy equations with the SIMPLEC algorithm being exploited to deal with the pressure-velocity coupling. Emphasis is put on the influence of the tilt angle on the solution symmetry, flow structure, and heat exchange through the walls. The following parameters… More > Graphic Abstract

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Buoyancy Effects in the Peristaltic Flow of a Prandtl-Eyring Nanofluid with Slip Boundaries

FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1507-1519, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.022520

Abstract The interaction of nanoparticles with a peristaltic flow is analyzed considering a Prandtl-Eyring fluid under various conditions, such as the presence of a heat source/sink and slip effects in channels with a curvature. This problem has extensive background links with various fields in medical science such as chemotherapy and more in general nanotechnology. A similarity transformation is used to turn the original balance equations into a set of ordinary differential equations, which are then integrated numerically. The investigation reveals that nanofluids have valuable thermal capabilitises. More >

• Open Access

REVIEW

### Numerical Analysis of the Mixed Flow of a Non-Newtonian Fluid over a Stretching Sheet with Thermal Radiation

FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.2, pp. 407-419, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.020508

Abstract A mathematical model is elaborated for the laminar flow of an Eyring-Powell fluid over a stretching sheet. The considered non-Newtonian fluid has Prandtl number larger than one. The effects of variable fluid properties and heat generation/absorption are also discussed. The balance equations for fluid flow are reduced to a set of ordinary differential equations through a similarity transformation and solved numerically using a Chebyshev spectral scheme. The effect of various parameters on the rate of heat transfer in the thermal boundary regime is investigated, i.e., thermal conductivity, the heat generation/absorption ratio and the mixed convection parameter. Good agreement appears to… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Mixed Convection in a Two-Sided Lid-Driven Square Cavity Filled with Different Types of Nanoparticles: A Comparative Study Assuming Nanoparticles with Different Shapes

FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 789-819, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.015422

Abstract Steady, laminar mixed convection inside a lid-driven square cavity filled with nanofluid is investigated numerically. We consider the case where the right and left walls are moving downwards and upwards respectively and maintained at different temperatures while the other two horizontal ones are kept adiabatic and impermeable. The set of nonlinear coupled governing mass, momentum, and energy equations are solved using an extensively validated and a highly accurate finite difference method of fourth-order. Comparisons with previously conducted investigations on special configurations are performed and show an excellent agreement. Meanwhile, attention is focused on the heat transfer enhancement when different nano-particles:… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### MHD and Viscous Dissipation Effects in Marangoni Mixed Flow of a Nanofluid over an Inclined Plate in the Presence of Ohmic Heating

FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.2, pp. 285-300, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.014429

Abstract The problem of Marangoni mixed convection in the presence of an inclined magnetic field with uniform strength in a nanofluid (formed by the dispersion of two metallic nanoparticles, i.e., Copper (Cu), and alumina (Al2O3) in water) is addressed numerically. The effects of viscous dissipation and Ohmic heating are also considered. The original set of governing partial differential equations is reduced to a set of non-linear coupled ordinary differential equations employing the similarity transformation technique. The simplified equations are numerically solved through MATLAB ‘bvp4c’ algorithm. The results are presented in terms of graphs for several parameters. It is found that enhancing… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Numerical Simulations of Hydromagnetic Mixed Convection Flow of Nanofluids inside a Triangular Cavity on the Basis of a Two-Component Nonhomogeneous Mathematical Model

FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 1-20, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.013497

Abstract Nanofluids have enjoyed a widespread use in many technological applications due to their peculiar properties. Numerical simulations are presented about the unsteady behavior of mixed convection of Fe3O4-water, Fe3O4- kerosene, Fe3O4-ethylene glycol, and Fe3O4-engine oil nanofluids inside a lid-driven triangular cavity. In particular, a two-component non-homogeneous nanofluid model is used. The bottom wall of the enclosure is insulated, whereas the inclined wall is kept a constant (cold) temperature and various temperature laws are assumed for the vertical wall, namely: θ = 1(Case 1), θ = Y(1 – Y)(Case 2), and θ = sin(2πY)(Case 3). A tilted magnetic field of uniform… More >

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