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    Marangoni-Natural Convection in Liquid Metals in the Presence of a Tilted Magnetic Field

    S. Hamimid1, A.Amroune1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.6, No.4, pp. 369-384, 2010, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2010.006.369

    Abstract The Navier-Stokes and energy equations are numerically solved to investigate two-dimensional convection (originating from the combined effect of buoyancy and surface tension forces) in a liquid metal subjected to transverse magnetic fields. In particular, a laterally heated horizontal cavity with aspect ratio (height/width) =1 and Pr=0.015 is considered (typically associated with the horizontal Bridgman crystal growth process and commonly used for benchmarking purposes). The effect of a uniform magnetic field with different magnitudes and orientations on the stability of the two distinct convective solution branches (with a single-cell or two-cell pattern) of the steady-state flows is investigated. The effects induced… More >

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