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  • Open Access


    SPATULA as a Versatile Tool in Plant: The Progress and Perspectives of SPATULA (SPT) Transcriptional Factor

    Lei Liang, Xiangyang Hu*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 517-531, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.049277

    Abstract With the rapid development of modern molecular biology and bioinformatics, many studies have proved that transcription factors play an important role in regulating the growth and development of plants. SPATULA (SPT) belongs to the bHLH transcription family and participates in many processes of regulating plant growth and development. This review systemically summarizes the multiple roles of SPT in plant growth, development, and stress response, including seed germination, flowering, leaf size, carpel development, and root elongation, which is helpful for us to better understand the functions of SPT. More >

  • Open Access


    The IDD Transcription Factors: Their Functions in Plant Development and Environmental Response

    Jing Liu1,*, Defeng Shu1, Zilong Tan1, Mei Ma1, Huanhuan Yang1, Ning Guo1,2, Shipeng Li1, Dayong Cui1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.1, pp. 63-79, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.045940

    Abstract INDETERMINATE-DOMAIN proteins (IDDs) are a plant-specific transcription factor family characterized by a conserved ID domain with four zinc finger motifs. Previous studies have demonstrated that IDDs coordinate a diversity of physiological processes and functions in plant growth and development, including floral transition, plant architecture, seed and root development, and hormone signaling. In this review, we especially summarized the latest knowledge on the functions and working models of IDD members in Arabidopsis, rice, and maize, particularly focusing on their role in the regulatory network of biotic and abiotic environmental responses, such as gravity, temperature, water, and More >

  • Open Access


    Selenium: A Game Changer in Plant Development, Growth, and Stress Tolerance, via the Modulation in Gene Expression and Secondary Metabolite Biosynthesis

    Ali Bandehagh1,*, Zahra Dehghanian2, Vahideh Gougerdchi1, Mohammad Anwar Hossain3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2301-2324, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028586

    Abstract The presence of selenium (Se) is not widely established as crucial for crops, although it is commonly recognized as an important nutrient for animals as well as humans. Even so, it is inevitably accepted that Se usually contributes positively to the life cycle of plants. Previous findings suggested that small amounts of Se seem to have a productive role in growth and production. As a result, Se is assumed to function in multiple ways, primarily by influencing a variety of biochemical and physiological functions. Also, Se also acts as a plant antioxidant and pro-oxidant and… More >

  • Open Access


    Mechanism of tobacco osmotin gene in plant responses to biotic and abiotic stress tolerance: A brief history


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 623-632, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.017316

    Abstract Plants are recurrently exposed to myriads of biotic and abiotic stresses leading to several biochemical and physiological variations that cause severe impacts on plant growth and survival. To overcome these challenges, plants activate two primary defense mechanisms, such as structural response (cell wall strengthening and waxy epidermal cuticle development) and metabolic changes, including the synthesis of anti-microbial compounds and proteins, especially the pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins. PR proteins are members of a super large family of defense proteins that exhibit antimicrobial activities. Their over-expression in plants provides tolerance to many abiotic and biotic stresses. PR proteins… More >

  • Open Access


    Functional Role of miRNAs: Key Players in Soybean Improvement

    Kapil Gupta1, Sujit Kumar Mishra2, Shubhra Gupta3, Saurabh Pandey4, Jogeswar Panigrahi5,*, Shabir Hussain Wani6,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1339-1362, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015239

    Abstract Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr) is an agro-economic crop growing across the world to cater nutrition for both human and animal feed due to the high oil and protein content in its edible seeds. The genes and QTLs associated with important agronomic traits in this crop have already been identified and validated for soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Phytophthora root and stem rot, Pythium root rot and aphid resistance, seed quality, nutrient values, and also employed for genetic improvement in soybean. In the last decade, micro RNAs (miRNAs) have been considered the effector molecules, so the detection and More >

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