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  • Open Access


    Priority Based Energy Efficient MAC Protocol by Varying Data Rate for Wireless Body Area Network

    R. Sangeetha, Usha Devi Gandhi*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 395-411, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.041217

    Abstract Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN) is a cutting-edge technology that is being used in healthcare applications to monitor critical events in the human body. WBAN is a collection of in-body and on-body sensors that monitor human physical parameters such as temperature, blood pressure, pulse rate, oxygen level, body motion, and so on. They sense the data and communicate it to the Body Area Network (BAN) Coordinator. The main challenge for the WBAN is energy consumption. These issues can be addressed by implementing an effective Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol that reduces energy consumption and increases network lifetime. The purpose of… More >

  • Open Access


    An Efficient MPPT Tracking in Solar PV System with Smart Grid Enhancement Using CMCMAC Protocol

    B. Jegajothi1,*, Sundaram Arumugam2, Neeraj Kumar Shukla3, I. Kathir4, P. Yamunaa5, Monia Digra6

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2417-2437, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.038074

    Abstract Renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and hydro are becoming increasingly popular due to the fewer negative impacts they have on the environment. Because, Since the production of renewable energy sources is still in the process of being created, photovoltaic (PV) systems are commonly utilized for installation situations that are acceptable, clean, and simple. This study presents an adaptive artificial intelligence approach that can be used for maximum power point tracking (MPPT) in solar systems with the help of an embedded controller. The adaptive method incorporates both the Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA) and the Artificial Neural Network (ANN). The WOA… More >

  • Open Access


    Accurate Phase Detection for ZigBee Using Artificial Neural Network

    Ali Alqahtani1, Abdulaziz A. Alsulami2,*, Saeed Alahmari3, Mesfer Alrizq4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2505-2518, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.033243

    Abstract The IEEE802.15.4 standard has been widely used in modern industry due to its several benefits for stability, scalability, and enhancement of wireless mesh networking. This standard uses a physical layer of binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation and can be operated with two frequency bands, 868 and 915 MHz. The frequency noise could interfere with the BPSK signal, which causes distortion to the signal before its arrival at receiver. Therefore, filtering the BPSK signal from noise is essential to ensure carrying the signal from the sender to the receiver with less error. Therefore, removing signal noise in the BPSK signal is… More >

  • Open Access


    Data Reliability and Sensors Lifetime in Bridge Health Monitoring using LoRaWAN-Zigbee

    Awad Ali1,*, Reyazur Rashid Irshad1, Ahmed Abdu Alattaab1, Aamir Fatahayab2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.2, pp. 2663-2678, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.028503

    Abstract The Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is regarded as the fastest expanding technological trend in recent years due its application in a variety of sectors. In the monitoring region, several sensor nodes with various sensing capabilities are installed to gather appropriate data and communicate it to the gateway. The proposed system of the heterogeneous WSN employing LoRaWAN-Zigbee based hybrid communication is explored in this research study. To communicate in a network, two Long–Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) sensor clusters and two Zigbee sensor clusters are employed, together with two Zigbee and LoRaWAN converters. The suggested Golden eagle shepherd optimization (GESO) method… More >

  • Open Access


    Smart Greenhouse Control via NB-IoT

    Wen-Tsai Sung1, Ching-Hao Weng1, Sung-Jung Hsiao2,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.34, No.3, pp. 1971-1988, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.026927

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) has flourished in recent years, which brings convenience to people’s lives, improves the quality of life, allows more effectively managing and maximizing benefits in industry, and improves weather predictions as the impact of global warming has complicated traditional methods to infer the weather. To this end, agriculture has also given more attention to greenhouse cultivation. In the early days of industrial research, Wi-Fi and ZigBee were used as short-or medium-distance communication technologies for transmissions in the network layer of the IoT architecture. Instead of long-distance communication technologies, such as LoRa and NB-IoT, the features of… More >

  • Open Access


    A Cost-Efficient Radiation Monitoring System for Nuclear Sites: Designing and Implementation

    Arfat Ahmad Khan1,*, Faizan Ahmed Khan2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.32, No.3, pp. 1357-1367, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.022958

    Abstract Radiation monitoring is essential for examining and refraining the unwanted situations in the vicinity of nuclear plants as high levels of radiation are quite dangerous for human beings. Meanwhile, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are proved to be an auspicious candidate to address that issue. Actually, WSNs are pretty beneficial to monitor an area with the aim of avoiding undesirable situations. In this paper, we have designed and implemented a cost-efficient radiation and the temperature monitoring system. We have used ZigBee to develop the sensor nodes, and the sensor nodes are instilled with the radiation and the temperature sensors. In addition,… More >

  • Open Access


    Utilizing the Improved QPSO Algorithm to Build a WSN Monitoring System

    Wen-Tsai Sung1, Sung-Jung Hsiao2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 3529-3548, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020613

    Abstract This research uses the improved Quantum Particle Swarm Optimization (QPSO) algorithm to build an Internet of Things (IoT) life comfort monitoring system based on wireless sensing networks. The purpose is to improve the quality of intelligent life. The functions of the system include automatic basketball court lighting system, monitoring of infants’ sleeping posture and accidental falls of the elderly, human thermal comfort measurement and other related life comfort services, etc. On the hardware system of the IoT, this research is based on the latest version of ZigBee 3.0, which uses optical sensors, 3-axis accelerometers, and temperature/humidity sensors in the IoT… More >

  • Open Access


    Design of Intelligent Mosquito Nets Based on Deep Learning Algorithms

    Yuzhen Liu1,3, Xiaoliang Wang1,*, Xinghui She1, Ming Yi1, Yuelong Li1, Frank Jiang2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.2, pp. 2261-2276, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015501

    Abstract An intelligent mosquito net employing deep learning has been one of the hotspots in the field of Internet of Things as it can reduce significantly the spread of pathogens carried by mosquitoes, and help people live well in mosquito-infested areas. In this study, we propose an intelligent mosquito net that can produce and transmit data through the Internet of Medical Things. In our method, decision-making is controlled by a deep learning model, and the proposed method uses infrared sensors and an array of pressure sensors to collect data. Moreover the ZigBee protocol is used to transmit the pressure map which… More >

  • Open Access


    System Performance of Wireless Sensor Network Using LoRa–Zigbee Hybrid Communication

    Van-Truong Truong1, Anand Nayyar2,*, Showkat Ahmad Lone3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.2, pp. 1615-1635, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016922

    Abstract Wireless sensor network (WSN) is considered as the fastest growing technology pattern in recent years because of its applicability in varied domains. Many sensor nodes with different sensing functionalities are deployed in the monitoring area to collect suitable data and transmit it to the gateway. Ensuring communications in heterogeneous WSNs, is a critical issue that needs to be studied. In this research paper, we study the system performance of a heterogeneous WSN using LoRa–Zigbee hybrid communication. Specifically, two Zigbee sensor clusters and two LoRa sensor clusters are used and combined with two Zigbee-to-LoRa converters to communicate in a network managed… More >

  • Open Access


    Realization of IoT Integration System of LED Based on Particle Swarm Optimization

    Sung-Jung Hsiao1, Wen-Tsai Sung2,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.27, No.2, pp. 499-517, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.014911

    Abstract The purpose of this research is to design an intelligent LED lighting control system with wireless remote control. Since the designed system is mainly based on Android applications, it controls wireless lighting modules through a sever by means of a smartphone, tablet computer, or another handheld mobile device, and the values displayed on the handheld device are used to monitor the establishment and design of the electricity state and multiple-LED light control scenarios in real time. The server is connected with a touch human-machine interface, digital meter, wireless lighting controller, infrared learning module, and other devices through RS-232 and RS-485… More >

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