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  • Open Access


    Medical Image Fusion Based on Anisotropic Diffusion and Non-Subsampled Contourlet Transform

    Bhawna Goyal1,*, Ayush Dogra2, Rahul Khoond1, Dawa Chyophel Lepcha1, Vishal Goyal3, Steven L. Fernandes4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.1, pp. 311-327, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038398

    Abstract The synthesis of visual information from multiple medical imaging inputs to a single fused image without any loss of detail and distortion is known as multimodal medical image fusion. It improves the quality of biomedical images by preserving detailed features to advance the clinical utility of medical imaging meant for the analysis and treatment of medical disorders. This study develops a novel approach to fuse multimodal medical images utilizing anisotropic diffusion (AD) and non-subsampled contourlet transform (NSCT). First, the method employs anisotropic diffusion for decomposing input images to their base and detail layers to coarsely split two features of input… More >

  • Open Access


    An Ophthalmic Evaluation of Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

    L. K. Shoba1,*, P. Mohan Kumar2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.1, pp. 613-628, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.024449

    Abstract Nowadays in the medical field, imaging techniques such as Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) are mainly used to identify retinal diseases. In this paper, the Central Serous Chorio Retinopathy (CSCR) image is analyzed for various stages and then compares the difference between CSCR before as well as after treatment using different application methods. The first approach, which was focused on image quality, improves medical image accuracy. An enhancement algorithm was implemented to improve the OCT image contrast and denoise purpose called Boosted Anisotropic Diffusion with an Unsharp Masking Filter (BADWUMF). The classifier used here is to figure out whether the OCT… More >

  • Open Access


    Extended Speckle Reduction Anisotropic Diffusion Filter to Despeckle Ultrasound Images

    P. L. Joseph Raj, K. Kalimuthu*, Sabitha Gauni, C. T. Manimegalai

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.34, No.2, pp. 1187-1196, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.026052

    Abstract Speckle Reduction Anisotropic Diffusion filter which is used to despeckle ultrasound images, perform well at homogeneous region than in heterogeneous region resulting in loss of information available at the edges. Extended SRAD filter does the same, preserving better the edges in addition, compared to the existing SRAD filter. The proposed Extended SRAD filter includes the intensity of four more neighboring pixels in addition with other four that is meant for SRAD filter operation. So, a total of eight pixels are involved in determining the intensity of a single pixel. This improves despeckling performance by maintaining the information accessible at an… More >

  • Open Access


    Improved Geometric Anisotropic Diffusion Filter for Radiography Image Enhancement

    Mohamed Ben Gharsallaha, Issam Ben Mhammedb, Ezzedine Ben Braieka

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.24, No.2, pp. 231-240, 2018, DOI:10.1080/10798587.2016.1262457

    Abstract In radiography imaging, contrast, sharpness and noise there are three fundamental factors that determine the image quality. Removing noise while preserving and sharpening image contours is a complicated task particularly for images with low contrast like radiography. This paper proposes a new anisotropic diffusion method for radiography image enhancement. The proposed method is based on the integration of geometric parameters derived from the local pixel intensity distribution in a nonlinear diffusion formulation that can concurrently perform the smoothing and the sharpening operations. The main novelty of the proposed anisotropic diffusion model is the ability to combine in one process noise… More >

  • Open Access


    On the Robustness of the xy-Zebra-Gauss-Seidel Smoother on an Anisotropic Diffusion Problem

    Michely Laís de Oliveira1,*, Marcio Augusto Villela Pinto2, Simone de Fátima Tomazzoni Gonçalves2, Grazielli Vassoler Rutz3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.117, No.2, pp. 251-270, 2018, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2018.04237

    Abstract Studies of problems involving physical anisotropy are applied in sciences and engineering, for instance, when the thermal conductivity depends on the direction. In this study, the multigrid method was used in order to accelerate the convergence of the iterative methods used to solve this type of problem. The asymptotic convergence factor of the multigrid was determined empirically (computer aided) and also by employing local Fourier analysis (LFA). The mathematical model studied was the 2D anisotropic diffusion equation, in which ε > 0 was the coefficient of a nisotropy. The equation was discretized by the Finite Difference Method (FDM) and Central… More >

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