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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Digital Text Document Watermarking Based Tampering Attack Detection via Internet

    Manal Abdullah Alohali1, Muna Elsadig1, Fahd N. Al-Wesabi2, Mesfer Al Duhayyim3, Anwer Mustafa Hilal4,*, Abdelwahed Motwakel4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.3, pp. 759-771, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037305

    Abstract Owing to the rapid increase in the interchange of text information through internet networks, the reliability and security of digital content are becoming a major research problem. Tampering detection, Content authentication, and integrity verification of digital content interchanged through the Internet were utilized to solve a major concern in information and communication technologies. The authors’ difficulties were tampering detection, authentication, and integrity verification of the digital contents. This study develops an Automated Data Mining based Digital Text Document Watermarking for Tampering Attack Detection (ADMDTW-TAD) via the Internet. The DM concept is exploited in the presented… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Recent Developments in Authentication Schemes Used in Machine-Type Communication Devices in Machine-to-Machine Communication: Issues and Challenges

    Shafi Ullah1, Sibghat Ullah Bazai1,*, Mohammad Imran2, Qazi Mudassar Ilyas3,*, Abid Mehmood4, Muhammad Asim Saleem5, Muhmmad Aasim Rafique3, Arsalan Haider6, Ilyas Khan7, Sajid Iqbal3, Yonis Gulzar4, Kauser Hameed3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 93-115, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048796

    Abstract Machine-to-machine (M2M) communication plays a fundamental role in autonomous IoT (Internet of Things)-based infrastructure, a vital part of the fourth industrial revolution. Machine-type communication devices (MTCDs) regularly share extensive data without human intervention while making all types of decisions. These decisions may involve controlling sensitive ventilation systems maintaining uniform temperature, live heartbeat monitoring, and several different alert systems. Many of these devices simultaneously share data to form an automated system. The data shared between machine-type communication devices (MTCDs) is prone to risk due to limited computational power, internal memory, and energy capacity. Therefore, securing the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Correlation Composition Awareness Model with Pair Collaborative Localization for IoT Authentication and Localization

    Kranthi Alluri, S. Gopikrishnan*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 943-961, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048621

    Abstract Secure authentication and accurate localization among Internet of Things (IoT) sensors are pivotal for the functionality and integrity of IoT networks. IoT authentication and localization are intricate and symbiotic, impacting both the security and operational functionality of IoT systems. Hence, accurate localization and lightweight authentication on resource-constrained IoT devices pose several challenges. To overcome these challenges, recent approaches have used encryption techniques with well-known key infrastructures. However, these methods are inefficient due to the increasing number of data breaches in their localization approaches. This proposed research efficiently integrates authentication and localization processes in such a… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Internet of Things Authentication Protocols: Comparative Study

    Souhayla Dargaoui1, Mourade Azrour1,*, Ahmad El Allaoui1, Azidine Guezzaz2, Abdulatif Alabdulatif3, Abdullah Alnajim4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 65-91, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047625

    Abstract Nowadays, devices are connected across all areas, from intelligent buildings and smart cities to Industry 4.0 and smart healthcare. With the exponential growth of Internet of Things usage in our world, IoT security is still the biggest challenge for its deployment. The main goal of IoT security is to ensure the accessibility of services provided by an IoT environment, protect privacy, and confidentiality, and guarantee the safety of IoT users, infrastructures, data, and devices. Authentication, as the first line of defense against security threats, becomes the priority of everyone. It can either grant or deny… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Hybrid and Lightweight Device-to-Server Authentication Technique for the Internet of Things

    Shaha Al-Otaibi1, Rahim Khan2,*, Hashim Ali2, Aftab Ahmed Khan2, Amir Saeed3, Jehad Ali4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3805-3823, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049017

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) is a smart networking infrastructure of physical devices, i.e., things, that are embedded with sensors, actuators, software, and other technologies, to connect and share data with the respective server module. Although IoTs are cornerstones in different application domains, the device’s authenticity, i.e., of server(s) and ordinary devices, is the most crucial issue and must be resolved on a priority basis. Therefore, various field-proven methodologies were presented to streamline the verification process of the communicating devices; however, location-aware authentication has not been reported as per our knowledge, which is a crucial… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Chaotic Map-Based Authentication and Key Agreement Protocol with Low-Latency for Metasystem

    Guojun Wang1,2, Qi Liu3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4471-4488, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047669

    Abstract With the rapid advancement in exploring perceptual interactions and digital twins, metaverse technology has emerged to transcend the constraints of space-time and reality, facilitating remote AI-based collaboration. In this dynamic metasystem environment, frequent information exchanges necessitate robust security measures, with Authentication and Key Agreement (AKA) serving as the primary line of defense to ensure communication security. However, traditional AKA protocols fall short in meeting the low-latency requirements essential for synchronous interactions within the metaverse. To address this challenge and enable nearly latency-free interactions, a novel low-latency AKA protocol based on chaotic maps is proposed. This… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Intrusion Detection Model Using Chaotic MAP for Network Coding Enabled Mobile Small Cells

    Chanumolu Kiran Kumar, Nandhakumar Ramachandran*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3151-3176, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043534

    Abstract Wireless Network security management is difficult because of the ever-increasing number of wireless network malfunctions, vulnerabilities, and assaults. Complex security systems, such as Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS), are essential due to the limitations of simpler security measures, such as cryptography and firewalls. Due to their compact nature and low energy reserves, wireless networks present a significant challenge for security procedures. The features of small cells can cause threats to the network. Network Coding (NC) enabled small cells are vulnerable to various types of attacks. Avoiding attacks and performing secure “peer” to “peer” data transmission is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    GestureID: Gesture-Based User Authentication on Smart Devices Using Acoustic Sensing

    Jizhao Liu1,2, Jiang Hui1,2,*, Zhaofa Wang1,2

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 151-169, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.045193

    Abstract User authentication on smart devices is crucial to protecting user privacy and device security. Due to the development of emerging attacks, existing physiological feature-based authentication methods, such as fingerprint, iris, and face recognition are vulnerable to forgery and attacks. In this paper, GestureID, a system that utilizes acoustic sensing technology to distinguish hand features among users, is proposed. It involves using a speaker to send acoustic signals and a microphone to receive the echoes affected by the reflection of the hand movements of the users. To ensure system accuracy and effectively distinguish users’ gestures, a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Trust Evaluation Mechanism Based on Autoencoder Clustering Algorithm for Edge Device Access of IoT

    Xiao Feng1,2,3,*, Zheng Yuan1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1881-1895, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.047243

    Abstract First, we propose a cross-domain authentication architecture based on trust evaluation mechanism, including registration, certificate issuance, and cross-domain authentication processes. A direct trust evaluation mechanism based on the time decay factor is proposed, taking into account the influence of historical interaction records. We weight the time attenuation factor to each historical interaction record for updating and got the new historical record data. We refer to the beta distribution to enhance the flexibility and adaptability of the direct trust assessment model to better capture time trends in the historical record. Then we propose an autoencoder-based trust… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Post-Quantum Cross-Domain Authentication Scheme Based on Multi-Chain Architecture

    Yi-Bo Cao1,*, Xiu-Bo Chen1, Yun-Feng He2, Lu-Xi Liu2, Yin-Mei Che2, Xiao Wang2, Ke Xiao3, Gang Xu3, Si-Yi Chen1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2813-2827, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046816

    Abstract Due to the rapid advancements in network technology, blockchain is being employed for distributed data storage. In the Internet of Things (IoT) scenario, different participants manage multiple blockchains located in different trust domains, which has resulted in the extensive development of cross-domain authentication techniques. However, the emergence of many attackers equipped with quantum computers has the potential to launch quantum computing attacks against cross-domain authentication schemes based on traditional cryptography, posing a significant security threat. In response to the aforementioned challenges, our paper demonstrates a post-quantum cross-domain identity authentication scheme to negotiate the session key… More >

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