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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Fault-Tolerant Mobility-Aware Caching Method in Edge Computing

    Yong Ma1, Han Zhao2, Kunyin Guo3,*, Yunni Xia3,*, Xu Wang4, Xianhua Niu5, Dongge Zhu6, Yumin Dong7

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 907-927, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048759

    Abstract Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) is a technology designed for the on-demand provisioning of computing and storage services, strategically positioned close to users. In the MEC environment, frequently accessed content can be deployed and cached on edge servers to optimize the efficiency of content delivery, ultimately enhancing the quality of the user experience. However, due to the typical placement of edge devices and nodes at the network’s periphery, these components may face various potential fault tolerance challenges, including network instability, device failures, and resource constraints. Considering the dynamic nature of MEC, making high-quality content caching decisions for real-time mobile applications, especially… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Computing Resource Allocation for Blockchain-Based Mobile Edge Computing

    Wanbo Zhang1, Yuqi Fan1, Jun Zhang1, Xu Ding2,*, Jung Yoon Kim3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 863-885, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047295

    Abstract Users and edge servers are not fully mutually trusted in mobile edge computing (MEC), and hence blockchain can be introduced to provide trustable MEC. In blockchain-based MEC, each edge server functions as a node in both MEC and blockchain, processing users’ tasks and then uploading the task related information to the blockchain. That is, each edge server runs both users’ offloaded tasks and blockchain tasks simultaneously. Note that there is a trade-off between the resource allocation for MEC and blockchain tasks. Therefore, the allocation of the resources of edge servers to the blockchain and the MEC is crucial for the… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Do tensile and shear forces exerted on cells influence mechanotransduction through stored energy considerations?

    FREDERICK H. SILVER1,2,*, TANMAY DESHMUKH2

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.4, pp. 525-540, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.047965

    Abstract All tissues in the body are subjected externally to gravity and internally by collagen fibril and cellular retractive forces that create stress and energy equilibrium required for homeostasis. Mechanotransduction involves mechanical work (force through a distance) and energy storage as kinetic and potential energy. This leads to changes in cell mitosis or apoptosis and the synthesis or loss of tissue components. It involves the application of energy directly to cells through integrin-mediated processes, cell-cell connections, stretching of the cell cytoplasm, and activation of the cell nucleus via yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-motif (TAZ). These processes involve numerous… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Differentially Private Support Vector Machines with Knowledge Aggregation

    Teng Wang, Yao Zhang, Jiangguo Liang, Shuai Wang, Shuanggen Liu*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3891-3907, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048115

    Abstract With the widespread data collection and processing, privacy-preserving machine learning has become increasingly important in addressing privacy risks related to individuals. Support vector machine (SVM) is one of the most elementary learning models of machine learning. Privacy issues surrounding SVM classifier training have attracted increasing attention. In this paper, we investigate Differential Privacy-compliant Federated Machine Learning with Dimensionality Reduction, called FedDPDR-DPML, which greatly improves data utility while providing strong privacy guarantees. Considering in distributed learning scenarios, multiple participants usually hold unbalanced or small amounts of data. Therefore, FedDPDR-DPML enables multiple participants to collaboratively learn a global model based on weighted… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    RoBGP: A Chinese Nested Biomedical Named Entity Recognition Model Based on RoBERTa and Global Pointer

    Xiaohui Cui1,2,#, Chao Song1,2,#, Dongmei Li1,2,*, Xiaolong Qu1,2, Jiao Long1,2, Yu Yang1,2, Hanchao Zhang3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3603-3618, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047321

    Abstract Named Entity Recognition (NER) stands as a fundamental task within the field of biomedical text mining, aiming to extract specific types of entities such as genes, proteins, and diseases from complex biomedical texts and categorize them into predefined entity types. This process can provide basic support for the automatic construction of knowledge bases. In contrast to general texts, biomedical texts frequently contain numerous nested entities and local dependencies among these entities, presenting significant challenges to prevailing NER models. To address these issues, we propose a novel Chinese nested biomedical NER model based on RoBERTa and Global Pointer (RoBGP). Our model… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multimodality Medical Image Fusion Based on Pixel Significance with Edge-Preserving Processing for Clinical Applications

    Bhawna Goyal1, Ayush Dogra2, Dawa Chyophel Lepcha1, Rajesh Singh3, Hemant Sharma4, Ahmed Alkhayyat5, Manob Jyoti Saikia6,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4317-4342, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047256

    Abstract Multimodal medical image fusion has attained immense popularity in recent years due to its robust technology for clinical diagnosis. It fuses multiple images into a single image to improve the quality of images by retaining significant information and aiding diagnostic practitioners in diagnosing and treating many diseases. However, recent image fusion techniques have encountered several challenges, including fusion artifacts, algorithm complexity, and high computing costs. To solve these problems, this study presents a novel medical image fusion strategy by combining the benefits of pixel significance with edge-preserving processing to achieve the best fusion performance. First, the method employs a cross-bilateral… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Survey and Prospect for Applying Knowledge Graph in Enterprise Risk Management

    Pengjun Li1, Qixin Zhao1, Yingmin Liu1, Chao Zhong1, Jinlong Wang1,*, Zhihan Lyu2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3825-3865, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046851

    Abstract Enterprise risk management holds significant importance in fostering sustainable growth of businesses and in serving as a critical element for regulatory bodies to uphold market order. Amidst the challenges posed by intricate and unpredictable risk factors, knowledge graph technology is effectively driving risk management, leveraging its ability to associate and infer knowledge from diverse sources. This review aims to comprehensively summarize the construction techniques of enterprise risk knowledge graphs and their prominent applications across various business scenarios. Firstly, employing bibliometric methods, the aim is to uncover the developmental trends and current research hotspots within the domain of enterprise risk knowledge… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Health State Prediction Model Based on Belief Rule Base and LSTM for Complex Systems

    Yu Zhao, Zhijie Zhou*, Hongdong Fan, Xiaoxia Han, Jie Wang, Manlin Chen

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.1, pp. 73-91, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.042285

    Abstract In industrial production and engineering operations, the health state of complex systems is critical, and predicting it can ensure normal operation. Complex systems have many monitoring indicators, complex coupling structures, non-linear and time-varying characteristics, so it is a challenge to establish a reliable prediction model. The belief rule base (BRB) can fuse observed data and expert knowledge to establish a nonlinear relationship between input and output and has well modeling capabilities. Since each indicator of the complex system can reflect the health state to some extent, the BRB is built based on the causal relationship between system indicators and the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Moderating Effect of Perceived Threat of Breast Cancer on Relation between Knowledge and Breast Self Examination

    Effet modérateur de la perception de menace du cancer du sein sur la relation entre les connaissances et l’autopalpation

    Carolle Annie Njopvoui*, Armel Valdin Teague Tsopgny, Henri Rodrigue Njengoue Ngamaleu

    Psycho-Oncologie, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 59-68, 2024, DOI:10.32604/po.2023.047499

    Abstract Estimated at more than 2.2 million cases worldwide, most breast cancer cases and deaths from breast cancer occur in low and middle-income countries. In Cameroon, many studies have underlined the effect of knowledge of breast cancer on screening measures such as self-examination and, to a lesser extent, the perception of the threat of this disease. This research aims to assess according to the Health Belief Model (HBM), the moderating effect of perceived threat of breast cancer on the relation between knowledge and breast self-examination. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 517 Cameroonian women to assess their general knowledge about breast… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Health Democracy and Storytelling: A Synthesis of Knowledge

    Démocratie en santé et narration : une synthèse des connaissances

    Rossi Silvia1,2,*, Sandrine de Montgolfier1,3, Joëlle Kivits4

    Psycho-Oncologie, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 33-41, 2024, DOI:10.32604/po.2024.042709

    Abstract Aims: Health democracy requires tools and methodologies to involve non-scientific actors in the development and implementation of health policies. Storytelling could be one of the tools to make health democracy effective. Our aim is to describe how storytelling is used in relation to health democracy, the aims of its use, the methodology adopted and the results obtained. Procedure: We conducted a narrative review of the literature. Our search equation was composed by the keyword “narration” and its variations “récit de vie”, “histoire de vie” and “medécine narrative” and by the keyword “démocratie en santé” / “démocratie sanitaire”. Results: We obtained… More >

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