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  • Open Access


    Social Media-Based Surveillance Systems for Health Informatics Using Machine and Deep Learning Techniques: A Comprehensive Review and Open Challenges

    Samina Amin1, Muhammad Ali Zeb1, Hani Alshahrani2,*, Mohammed Hamdi2, Mohammad Alsulami2, Asadullah Shaikh3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1167-1202, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.043921

    Abstract Social media (SM) based surveillance systems, combined with machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) techniques, have shown potential for early detection of epidemic outbreaks. This review discusses the current state of SM-based surveillance methods for early epidemic outbreaks and the role of ML and DL in enhancing their performance. Since, every year, a large amount of data related to epidemic outbreaks, particularly Twitter data is generated by SM. This paper outlines the theme of SM analysis for tracking health-related issues and detecting epidemic outbreaks in SM, along with the ML and DL techniques that have been configured for the… More >

  • Open Access


    A Nonstandard Computational Investigation of SEIR Model with Fuzzy Transmission, Recovery and Death Rates

    Ahmed H. Msmali1, Fazal Dayan2,*, Muhammad Rafiq3, Nauman Ahmed4, Abdullah Ali H. Ahmadini1, Hassan A. Hamali5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2251-2269, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040266

    Abstract In this article, a Susceptible-Exposed-Infectious-Recovered (SEIR) epidemic model is considered. The equilibrium analysis and reproduction number are studied. The conventional models have made assumptions of homogeneity in disease transmission that contradict the actual reality. However, it is crucial to consider the heterogeneity of the transmission rate when modeling disease dynamics. Describing the heterogeneity of disease transmission mathematically can be achieved by incorporating fuzzy theory. A numerical scheme nonstandard, finite difference (NSFD) approach is developed for the studied model and the results of numerical simulations are presented. Simulations of the constructed scheme are presented. The positivity, convergence and consistency of the… More >

  • Open Access


    Construction of a Computational Scheme for the Fuzzy HIV/AIDS Epidemic Model with a Nonlinear Saturated Incidence Rate

    Muhammad Shoaib Arif1,2,*, Kamaleldin Abodayeh1, Yasir Nawaz2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1405-1425, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028946

    Abstract This work aimed to construct an epidemic model with fuzzy parameters. Since the classical epidemic model does not elaborate on the successful interaction of susceptible and infective people, the constructed fuzzy epidemic model discusses the more detailed versions of the interactions between infective and susceptible people. The next-generation matrix approach is employed to find the reproduction number of a deterministic model. The sensitivity analysis and local stability analysis of the system are also provided. For solving the fuzzy epidemic model, a numerical scheme is constructed which consists of three time levels. The numerical scheme has an advantage over the existing… More >

  • Open Access


    Dynamical Analysis of the Stochastic COVID-19 Model Using Piecewise Differential Equation Technique

    Yu-Ming Chu1, Sobia Sultana2, Saima Rashid3,*, Mohammed Shaaf Alharthi4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.3, pp. 2427-2464, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028771

    Abstract Various data sets showing the prevalence of numerous viral diseases have demonstrated that the transmission is not truly homogeneous. Two examples are the spread of Spanish flu and COVID-19. The aim of this research is to develop a comprehensive nonlinear stochastic model having six cohorts relying on ordinary differential equations via piecewise fractional differential operators. Firstly, the strength number of the deterministic case is carried out. Then, for the stochastic model, we show that there is a critical number that can predict virus persistence and infection eradication. Because of the peculiarity of this notion, an interesting way… More >

  • Open Access


    A Restricted SIR Model with Vaccination Effect for the Epidemic Outbreaks Concerning COVID-19

    Ibtehal Alazman1, Kholoud Saad Albalawi1, Pranay Goswami2,*, Kuldeep Malik2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.3, pp. 2409-2425, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028674

    Abstract This paper presents a restricted SIR mathematical model to analyze the evolution of a contagious infectious disease outbreak (COVID-19) using available data. The new model focuses on two main concepts: first, it can present multiple waves of the disease, and second, it analyzes how far an infection can be eradicated with the help of vaccination. The stability analysis of the equilibrium points for the suggested model is initially investigated by identifying the matching equilibrium points and examining their stability. The basic reproduction number is calculated, and the positivity of the solutions is established. Numerical simulations are performed to determine if… More >

  • Open Access


    On Fractional Differential Inclusion for an Epidemic Model via L-Fuzzy Fixed Point Results

    Maha Noorwali1, Mohammed Shehu Shagari2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.2, pp. 1937-1956, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028239

    Abstract The real world is filled with uncertainty, vagueness, and imprecision. The concepts we meet in everyday life are vague rather than precise. In real-world situations, if a model requires that conclusions drawn from it have some bearings on reality, then two major problems immediately arise, viz. real situations are not usually crisp and deterministic; complete descriptions of real systems often require more comprehensive data than human beings could recognize simultaneously, process and understand. Conventional mathematical tools which require all inferences to be exact, are not always efficient to handle imprecisions in a wide variety of practical situations. Following the latter… More >

  • Open Access


    Non-Contact Physiological Measurement System for Wearing Masks During the Epidemic

    Shu-Yin Chiang*, Dong-Ye Wu

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 2509-2526, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.036466

    Abstract Physiological signals indicate a person’s physical and mental state at any given time. Accordingly, many studies extract physiological signals from the human body with non-contact methods, and most of them require facial feature points. However, under COVID-19, wearing a mask has become a must in many places, so how non-contact physiological information measurements can still be performed correctly even when a mask covers the facial information has become a focus of research. In this study, RGB and thermal infrared cameras were used to execute non-contact physiological information measurement systems for heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, and forehead temperature for… More >

  • Open Access


    Stochastic Analysis for the Dynamics of a Poliovirus Epidemic Model

    Ali Raza1, Dumitru Baleanu2,3,4, Zafar Ullah Khan5, Muhammad Mohsin6,*, Nauman Ahmed7, Muhammad Rafiq8, Pervez Anwar9

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.1, pp. 257-275, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.023231

    Abstract Most developing countries such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and many more are still fighting against poliovirus. According to the World Health Organization, approximately eighteen million people have been infected with poliovirus in the last two decades. In Asia, still, some countries are suffering from the virus. The stochastic behavior of the poliovirus through the transition probabilities and non-parametric perturbation with fundamental properties are studied. Some basic properties of the deterministic model are studied, equilibria, local stability around the stead states, and reproduction number. Euler Maruyama, stochastic Euler, and stochastic Runge-Kutta study the behavior of complex stochastic differential equations. The… More >

  • Open Access


    New Trends in Fuzzy Modeling Through Numerical Techniques

    M. M. Alqarni1, Muhammad Rafiq2, Fazal Dayan3,*, Jan Awrejcewicz4, Nauman Ahmed5, Ali Raza6, Muhammad Ozair Ahmad5, Witold Pawłowski7, Emad E. Mahmoud8

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 6371-6388, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033553

    Abstract Amoebiasis is a parasitic intestinal infection caused by the highly pathogenic amoeba Entamoeba histolytica. It is spread through person-to-person contact or by eating or drinking food or water contaminated with feces. Its transmission rate depends on the number of cysts present in the environment. The traditional models assumed a homogeneous and contradictory transmission with reality. The heterogeneity of its transmission rate is a significant factor when modeling disease dynamics. The heterogeneity of disease transmission can be described mathematically by introducing fuzzy theory. In this context, a fuzzy SEIR Amoebiasis disease model is considered in this study. The equilibrium analysis and… More >

  • Open Access


    A Neural Study of the Fractional Heroin Epidemic Model

    Wajaree Weera1, Thongchai Botmart1,*, Samina Zuhra2, Zulqurnain Sabir3, Muhammad Asif Zahoor Raja4, Salem Ben Said5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 4453-4467, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033232

    Abstract This works intends to provide numerical solutions based on the nonlinear fractional order derivatives of the classical White and Comiskey model (NFD-WCM). The fractional order derivatives have provided authentic and accurate solutions for the NDF-WCM. The solutions of the fractional NFD-WCM are provided using the stochastic computing supervised algorithm named Levenberg-Marquard Backpropagation (LMB) based on neural networks (NNs). This regression approach combines gradient descent and Gauss-Newton iterative methods, which means finding a solution through the sequences of different calculations. WCM is used to demonstrate the heroin epidemics. Heroin has been on-growth world wide, mainly in Asia, Europe, and the USA.… More >

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