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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhanced Hybrid Equilibrium Strategy in Fog-Cloud Computing Networks with Optimal Task Scheduling

    Muchang Rao, Hang Qin*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2647-2672, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.050380

    Abstract More devices in the Intelligent Internet of Things (AIoT) result in an increased number of tasks that require low latency and real-time responsiveness, leading to an increased demand for computational resources. Cloud computing’s low-latency performance issues in AIoT scenarios have led researchers to explore fog computing as a complementary extension. However, the effective allocation of resources for task execution within fog environments, characterized by limitations and heterogeneity in computational resources, remains a formidable challenge. To tackle this challenge, in this study, we integrate fog computing and cloud computing. We begin by establishing a fog-cloud environment… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Task Offloading in Edge Computing Using GNNs and DQN

    Asier Garmendia-Orbegozo1, Jose David Nunez-Gonzalez1,*, Miguel Angel Anton2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2649-2671, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.045912

    Abstract In a network environment composed of different types of computing centers that can be divided into different layers (clod, edge layer, and others), the interconnection between them offers the possibility of peer-to-peer task offloading. For many resource-constrained devices, the computation of many types of tasks is not feasible because they cannot support such computations as they do not have enough available memory and processing capacity. In this scenario, it is worth considering transferring these tasks to resource-rich platforms, such as Edge Data Centers or remote cloud servers. For different reasons, it is more exciting and… More > Graphic Abstract

    Task Offloading in Edge Computing Using GNNs and DQN

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm Based Load Balancing Strategy for Health Monitoring Systems in Fog-Cloud

    Hayder Makki Shakir, Jaber Karimpour*, Jafar Razmara

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 35-55, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.038545

    Abstract As the volume of data and data-generating equipment in healthcare settings grows, so do issues like latency and inefficient processing inside health monitoring systems. The Internet of Things (IoT) has been used to create a wide variety of health monitoring systems. Most modern health monitoring solutions are based on cloud computing. However, large-scale deployment of latency-sensitive healthcare applications is hampered by the cloud’s design, which introduces significant delays during the processing of vast data volumes. By strategically positioning servers close to end users, fog computing mitigates latency issues and dramatically improves scaling on demand, resource… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Using Metaheuristic OFA Algorithm for Service Placement in Fog Computing

    Riza Altunay1,2,*, Omer Faruk Bay3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 2881-2897, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042340

    Abstract The use of fog computing in the Internet of Things (IoT) has emerged as a crucial solution, bringing cloud services closer to end users to process large amounts of data generated within the system. Despite its advantages, the increasing task demands from IoT objects often overload fog devices with limited resources, resulting in system delays, high network usage, and increased energy consumption. One of the major challenges in fog computing for IoT applications is the efficient deployment of services between fog clouds. To address this challenge, we propose a novel Optimal Foraging Algorithm (OFA) for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Priority Detector and Classifier Techniques Based on ML for the IoMT

    Rayan A. Alsemmeari1,*, Mohamed Yehia Dahab2, Badraddin Alturki1, Abdulaziz A. Alsulami3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1853-1870, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038589

    Abstract Emerging telemedicine trends, such as the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), facilitate regular and efficient interactions between medical devices and computing devices. The importance of IoMT comes from the need to continuously monitor patients’ health conditions in real-time during normal daily activities, which is realized with the help of various wearable devices and sensors. One major health problem is workplace stress, which can lead to cardiovascular disease or psychiatric disorders. Therefore, real-time monitoring of employees’ stress in the workplace is essential. Stress levels and the source of stress could be detected early in the fog… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Survey of Resources Allocation Techniques with a Quality of Service (QoS) Aware in a Fog Computing Environment

    Wan Norsyafizan W. Muhamad1, Kaharudin Dimyati2, Muhammad Awais Javed3, Suzi Seroja Sarnin1,*, Divine Senanu Ametefe1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.1, pp. 1291-1308, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.037214

    Abstract The tremendous advancement in distributed computing and Internet of Things (IoT) applications has resulted in the adoption of fog computing as today’s widely used framework complementing cloud computing. Thus, suitable and effective applications could be performed to satisfy the applications’ latency requirement. Resource allocation techniques are essential aspects of fog networks which prevent unbalanced load distribution. Effective resource management techniques can improve the quality of service metrics. Due to the limited and heterogeneous resources available within the fog infrastructure, the fog layer’s resources need to be optimised to efficiently manage and distribute them to different… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on a Fog Computing Architecture and BP Algorithm Application for Medical Big Data

    Baoling Qin*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 255-267, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.037556

    Abstract Although the Internet of Things has been widely applied, the problems of cloud computing in the application of digital smart medical Big Data collection, processing, analysis, and storage remain, especially the low efficiency of medical diagnosis. And with the wide application of the Internet of Things and Big Data in the medical field, medical Big Data is increasing in geometric magnitude resulting in cloud service overload, insufficient storage, communication delay, and network congestion. In order to solve these medical and network problems, a medical big-data-oriented fog computing architecture and BP algorithm application are proposed, and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Levy Flight Firefly Based Efficient Resource Allocation for Fog Environment

    Anu*, Anita Singhrova

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 199-219, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.035389

    Abstract Fog computing is an emergent and powerful computing paradigm to serve latency-sensitive applications by executing internet of things (IoT) applications in the proximity of the network. Fog computing offers computational and storage services between cloud and terminal devices. However, an efficient resource allocation to execute the IoT applications in a fog environment is still challenging due to limited resource availability and low delay requirement of services. A large number of heterogeneous shareable resources makes fog computing a complex environment. In the sight of these issues, this paper has proposed an efficient levy flight firefly-based resource… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Edge of Things Inspired Robust Intrusion Detection Framework for Scalable and Decentralized Applications

    Abdulaziz Aldribi1,2,*, Aman Singh2,3, Jose Breñosa3,4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3865-3881, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037748

    Abstract Ubiquitous data monitoring and processing with minimal latency is one of the crucial challenges in real-time and scalable applications. Internet of Things (IoT), fog computing, edge computing, cloud computing, and the edge of things are the spine of all real-time and scalable applications. Conspicuously, this study proposed a novel framework for a real-time and scalable application that changes dynamically with time. In this study, IoT deployment is recommended for data acquisition. The Pre-Processing of data with local edge and fog nodes is implemented in this study. The threshold-oriented data classification method is deployed to improve… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Two-Way Approach for Improved Real-Time Transmission in Fog-IoT-Based Health Monitoring System for Critical Patients

    Abeera Ilyas1,*, Saeed Mahfooz1, Zahid Mehmood2,3, Gauhar Ali4, Muhammad ElAffendi4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3815-3829, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.036316

    Abstract Health monitoring systems are now required, particularly for essential patients, following the COVID-19 pandemic, which was followed by its variants and other epidemics of a similar nature. Effective procedures and strategies are required, though, to react promptly to the enormous volume of real-time data offered by monitoring equipment. Although fog-based designs for IoT health systems typically result in enhanced services, they also give rise to issues that need to be resolved. In this paper, we propose a two-way strategy to reduce network latency and use while increasing real-time data transmission of device gateways used for More >

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