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  • Open Access


    Tree Height-Related Hydraulic Strategy to Cope with Freeze-Thaw Stress in Six Common Urban Tree Species in North China

    Cunyang Niu, Wenkai Shou, Li Ma, Jianqiang Qian*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.4, pp. 811-825, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.019386

    Abstract Urban trees are sensitive to extreme weather events under climate change. Freeze-thaw induced hydraulic failure could induce urban tree dieback and nullify the services they provide. Plant height is a simple but significant trait for plant ecological strategies. Understanding how urban trees with different heights adapt to freeze-thaw stress is increasingly important under climate change. We investigated the relationship between tree height and stem hydraulic functional traits of six common urban tree species in North China to explore tree height-related hydraulic strategies to cope with freeze-thaw stress. Results showed that tall trees had wider vessels, higher hydraulic conductivity, more winter… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Identification of the Hydraulic Conductivity of Composite Anisotropic Materials

    S. D. Harris1, R. Mustata2, L. Elliott2, D. B. Ingham2, D. Lesnic2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.25, No.2, pp. 69-80, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.025.069

    Abstract Two homogeneous anisotropic materials are butted together to form a contact surface within a single composite material (the specimen). An inverse boundary element method (BEM) is developed to determine the components of the hydraulic conductivity tensor of each material and the position of the contact surface. A steady state flow is forced through the specimen by the application of a constant pressure differential on its opposite faces. Experimental measurements (simulated) of pressure and average hydraulic flux at exposed boundaries are then used in a modified least squares functional. This functional minimises the gap between the above measured (simulated) values and… More >

  • Open Access


    An Inverse Boundary Element Method for Determining the Hydraulic Conductivity in Anisotropic Rocks

    R. Mustata1, S. D. Harris2, L. Elliott1, D. Lesnic1, D. B. Ingham1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.1, No.3, pp. 107-116, 2000, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2000.001.409

    Abstract An inverse boundary element method is developed to characterise the components of the hydraulic conductivity tensor K of anisotropic materials. Surface measurements at exposed boundaries serve as additional input to a Genetic Algorithm (GA) using a modified least squares functional that minimises the difference between observed and BEM-predicted boundary pressure and/or hydraulic flux measurements under current hydraulic conductivity tensor component estimates. More >

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