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  • Open Access


    An Effective Hybrid Model of ELM and Enhanced GWO for Estimating Compressive Strength of Metakaolin-Contained Cemented Materials

    Abidhan Bardhan1,*, Raushan Kumar Singh2, Mohammed Alatiyyah3, Sulaiman Abdullah Alateyah4,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1521-1555, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.044467

    Abstract This research proposes a highly effective soft computing paradigm for estimating the compressive strength (CS) of metakaolin-contained cemented materials. The proposed approach is a combination of an enhanced grey wolf optimizer (EGWO) and an extreme learning machine (ELM). EGWO is an augmented form of the classic grey wolf optimizer (GWO). Compared to standard GWO, EGWO has a better hunting mechanism and produces an optimal performance. The EGWO was used to optimize the ELM structure and a hybrid model, ELM-EGWO, was built. To train and validate the proposed ELM-EGWO model, a sum of 361 experimental results featuring five influencing factors was… More >

  • Open Access


    Performance Improved of a Lime and Hemp-Based Concrete through the Addition of Metakaolin

    Suzanne Daher*, Amar Benazzouk, Haïkel Ben Hamed, Thierry Langlet

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.5, pp. 1091-1113, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.020348

    Abstract This work describes in detail the experimental investigation of the physico-mechanical properties of nonstructural hemp concrete (usually used as insulating wall material) when the Air-lime based Tradial PF70 binder is partially replaced using Metakaolin. The objective is to reduce the amount of free Ca2+ ions in the binder as these are responsible for the degradation of vegetables particles and can therefore induce a loss of mechanical performances. In order to assess the effectiveness of pozzolanic reaction, amounts of 0%, 10%, and 20% vol. of Air-lime binder were replaced by the Metakaolin material, while testing the mechanical properties of concrete specimens… More >

  • Open Access


    CO2 and Cost-Based Optimum Design of Sustainable Metakaolin-Modified Concrete

    Xiaoyong Wang*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.9, pp. 2431-2450, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.020829

    Abstract Metakaolin is a highly reactive pozzolanic material that is widely utilized for enhancing the performance of concrete. This study offers a framework for the mixture design of sustainable metakaolin-modified concrete with low CO2 emissions and low costs. Different design strengths after 28 days are first formulated, with values such as 30, 40, 50, and 60 MPa. A genetic algorithm is then used to determine the optimal mixtures. Minimized CO2 and cost are set as the aims of the genetic algorithm. The strength of the concrete, its workability (slump), and carbonation service life with climate change are set as constraints of the… More >

  • Open Access


    Influences of Multi-Component Supplementary Cementitious Materials on the Performance of Metakaolin Based Geopolymer

    Wu Jing1,2,#, Ren Luo3,#, Sha Ding2, Ping Duan3,4,5,6,7,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.7, pp. 1813-1828, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.018771

    Abstract In this study, the workability and reaction mechanism of metakaolin (MK) based geopolymer blended with rice husk ash (RHA) and silica fume (SF) was investigated. The prepared samples were subjected to tests including compressive strength and fluidity tests. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning electron microscope (SEM) were employed to explore the phase composition and microstructure of geopolymers. The molecular bonding information of geopolymer was provided by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Meanwhile, the porosity of geopolymer was obtained by Mercury intrusion porosimeter (MIP) analysis. The high-activity RHA obtained after calcination at 600°C was used as a supplementary cementitious material to… More > Graphic Abstract

    Influences of Multi-Component Supplementary Cementitious Materials on the Performance of Metakaolin Based Geopolymer

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