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  • Open Access


    Energy Efficient QoS Aware Cluster Based Multihop Routing Protocol for WSN

    M.S. Maharajan1,*, T. Abirami2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.41, No.3, pp. 1173-1189, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.020312

    Abstract Wireless sensor networks (WSN) have become a hot research area owing to the unique characteristics and applicability in diverse application areas. Clustering and routing techniques can be considered as an NP hard optimization problem, which can be addressed by metaheuristic optimization algorithms. With this motivation, this study presents a chaotic sandpiper optimization algorithm based clustering with groundwater flow optimization based routing technique (CSPOC-GFLR). The goal of the CSOC-GFLR technique is to cluster the sensor nodes in WSN and elect an optimal set of routes with an intention of achieving energy efficiency and maximizing network lifetime. The CSPOC algorithm is derived… More >

  • Open Access


    An Efficient Energy Aware Routing Mechanism for Wireless Body Area Networks

    Wejdan Wasel Aljaghthami*, Mohammad Haseeb Zafar, Afraa Zuhair Attiah

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 1111-1126, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019912

    Abstract The accelerated development of wireless network technology has resulted in the emergence of Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN), which is a technology commonly used in the medical field. WBAN consists of tiny sensor nodes that interconnect with each other and set in the human body to collect and transmit the patient data to the physician, to monitor the patients remotely. These nodes typically have limited battery energy that led to a shortage of network lifetime. Therefore, energy efficiency is considered one of the most demanding challenges in routing design for WBAN. Many proposed routing mechanisms in WBAN did not cover… More >

  • Open Access


    Hybrid Teaching Learning Approach for Improving Network Lifetime in Wireless Sensor Networks

    P. Baskaran1,*, K. Karuppasamy2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 1975-1992, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019342

    Abstract In a wireless sensor network (WSN), data gathering is more effectually done with the clustering process. Clustering is a critical strategy for improving energy efficiency and extending the longevity of a network. Hierarchical modeling-based clustering is proposed to enhance energy efficiency where nodes that hold higher residual energy may be clustered to collect data and broadcast it to the base station. Moreover, existing approaches may not consider data redundancy while collecting data from adjacent nodes or overlapping nodes. Here, an improved clustering approach is anticipated to attain energy efficiency by implementing MapReduction for regulating mapping and reducing complexity in routing… More >

  • Open Access


    LOA-RPL: Novel Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol for the Internet of Things Using Lion Optimization Algorithm to Maximize Network Lifetime

    Sankar Sennan1, Somula Ramasubbareddy2, Anand Nayyar3,4, Yunyoung Nam5,*, Mohamed Abouhawwash6,7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.1, pp. 351-371, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017360

    Abstract Energy conservation is a significant task in the Internet of Things (IoT) because IoT involves highly resource-constrained devices. Clustering is an effective technique for saving energy by reducing duplicate data. In a clustering protocol, the selection of a cluster head (CH) plays a key role in prolonging the lifetime of a network. However, most cluster-based protocols, including routing protocols for low-power and lossy networks (RPLs), have used fuzzy logic and probabilistic approaches to select the CH node. Consequently, early battery depletion is produced near the sink. To overcome this issue, a lion optimization algorithm (LOA) for selecting CH in RPL… More >

  • Open Access


    Energy Efficient Clustering Protocol to Enhance Network Lifetime in Wireless Sensor Networks

    S. Nanthini1,*, S. Nithya Kalyani2, Sudhakar Sengan3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.3, pp. 3595-3614, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015038

    Abstract In this paper, the energy conservation in the ununiform clustered network field is proposed. The fundamental reason behind the methodology is that in the process of CH election, nodes Competition Radius (CR) task is based on not just the space between nodes and their Residual Energy (RE), which is utilized in Energy-Aware Distributed Unequal Clustering (EADUC) protocol but also a third-degree factor, i.e., the nearby multi-hop node count. In contrast, a third-factor nearby nodes count is also used. This surrounding data is taken into account in the clustering feature to increase the network’s life span. The proposed method, known as… More >

  • Open Access


    ECO-BAT: A New Routing Protocol for Energy Consumption Optimization Based on BAT Algorithm in WSN

    Mohammed Kaddi1,*, Abdallah Banana2, Mohammed Omari1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.2, pp. 1497-1510, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012116

    Abstract Wireless sensor network (WSN) has been widely used due to its vast range of applications. The energy problem is one of the important problems influencing the complete application. Sensor nodes use very small batteries as a power source and replacing them is not an easy task. With this restriction, the sensor nodes must conserve their energy and extend the network lifetime as long as possible. Also, these limits motivate much of the research to suggest solutions in all layers of the protocol stack to save energy. So, energy management efficiency becomes a key requirement in WSN design. The efficiency of… More >

  • Open Access


    A Mathematical Task Dispatching Model in Wireless Sensor Actor Networks

    Morteza Okhovvat, Mohammad Reza Kangavari*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.34, No.1, pp. 5-12, 2019, DOI:10.32604/csse.2019.34.005

    Abstract In this paper, we propose a mathematical task dispatching model to reduce the total tasks completion time, i.e. make-span, in Wireless Sensor Actor Networks (WSANs). The proposed approach minimizes the completion time of tasks that have been allocated to actors but have not yet been dispatched to actors for execution in the networks. We calculate the best rate of dispatching of tasks by the network sink to allocated actors through a steady state analysis of our proposed model to solve equations and inequalities. It is shown that this dispatching rate improves the network lifetime too. Experimental results with a prototyped… More >

  • Open Access


    An Adjust Duty Cycle Method for Optimized Congestion Avoidance and Reducing Delay for WSNs

    Ting Xu1, Ming Zhao1, Xin Yao1, *, Kun He2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.65, No.2, pp. 1605-1624, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.011458

    Abstract With the expansion of the application range and network scale of wireless sensor networks in recent years, WSNs often generate data surges and delay queues during the transmission process, causing network paralysis, even resulting in local or global congestion. In this paper, a dynamically Adjusted Duty Cycle for Optimized Congestion based on a real-time Queue Length (ADCOC) scheme is proposed. In order to improve the resource utilization rate of network nodes, we carried out optimization analysis based on the theory and applied it to the adjustment of the node’s duty cycle strategy. Using this strategy to ensure that the network… More >

  • Open Access


    An Energy Based Dynamic AODV Routing Protocol in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

    Wuyungerile Li1, *, Baoyintu1, Bing Jia1, Junxiu Wang1, Takashi Watanabe2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.63, No.1, pp. 353-368, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.06210

    Abstract In recent years, with the rapid development of the Internet and wireless communication technology, wireless Ad hoc networks have received more attention. Due to the limited transmission range and energy of nodes in Ad hoc networks, it is important to establish a reliable and energy-balanced transmission path in Ad hoc networks. This paper proposes an energy-based dynamic routing protocol based on the existing AODV routing protocol, which has the following two aspects of improvement: (1) In the route discovery process, a node selects a suitable route from the minimum energy consumption route and the energy-balanced route designed in this paper… More >

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