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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Immune-Inspired Approach with Interval Allocation in Solving Multimodal Multi-Objective Optimization Problems with Local Pareto Sets

    Weiwei Zhang1, Jiaqiang Li1, Chao Wang2, Meng Li3, Zhi Rao4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4237-4257, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.050430

    Abstract In practical engineering, multi-objective optimization often encounters situations where multiple Pareto sets (PS) in the decision space correspond to the same Pareto front (PF) in the objective space, known as Multi-Modal Multi-Objective Optimization Problems (MMOP). Locating multiple equivalent global PSs poses a significant challenge in real-world applications, especially considering the existence of local PSs. Effectively identifying and locating both global and local PSs is a major challenge. To tackle this issue, we introduce an immune-inspired reproduction strategy designed to produce more offspring in less crowded, promising regions and regulate the number of offspring in areas… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    OPA3 overexpression modulates lipid droplet production and sensitizes colorectal cancer cells to bevacizumab treatment

    HONGBIAO WU*, DONGFANG LIU

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.6, pp. 971-980, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.049466

    Abstract Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) represents a substantial risk to public health. Bevacizumab, the first US FDA-approved antiangiogenic drug (AAD) for human CRC treatment, faces resistance in patients. The role of lipid metabolism, particularly through OPA3-regulated lipid droplet production, in overcoming this resistance is under investigation. Methods: The protein expression pattern of OPA3 in CRC primary/normal tissues was evaluated by bioinformatics analysis. OPA3-overexpressed SW-480 and HCT-116 cell lines were established, and bevacizumab resistance and OPA3 effects on cell malignancy were examined. OPA3 protein/mRNA expression and lipid droplet-related genes were measured with Western blot and qRT-PCR. OPA3… More > Graphic Abstract

    OPA3 overexpression modulates lipid droplet production and sensitizes colorectal cancer cells to bevacizumab treatment

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Data-Oriented Method to Optimize Hydraulic Fracturing Parameters of Tight Sandstone Reservoirs

    Zhengrong Chen*, Mao Jiang, Chuanzhi Ai, Jianshu Wu, Xin Xie

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.6, pp. 1657-1669, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.030222

    Abstract Based on the actual data collected from the tight sandstone development zone, correlation analysis using the Spearman method was conducted to determine the main factors influencing the gas production rate of tight sandstone fracturing. An integrated model combining geological engineering and numerical simulation of fracture propagation and production was completed. Based on data analysis, the hydraulic fracture parameters were optimized to develop a differentiated fracturing treatment adjustment plan. The results indicate that the influence of geological and engineering factors in the X1 and X2 development zones in the study area differs significantly. Therefore, it is… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Research Progress on the Growth-Promoting Effect of Plant Biostimulants on Crops

    Qi Lu1,2, Longfei Jin2, Cuiling Tong3, Feng Liu2, Bei Huang2, Dejian Zhang1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 661-679, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.049733

    Abstract A Plant Biostimulant is any substance or microorganism applied to plants to enhance nutrition efficiency, abiotic stress tolerance, and/or crop quality traits, regardless of its nutrient content. The application of Plant biostimulants (PBs) in production can reduce the application of traditional pesticides and chemical fertilizers and improve the quality and yield of crops, which is conducive to the sustainable development of agriculture. An in-depth understanding of the mechanism and effect of various PBs is very important for how to apply PBs reasonably and effectively in the practice of crop production. This paper summarizes the main More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Dynamiques Spatio-Temporelles de l’Occupation des Terres dans les Zones de Production Cotonnière et Céréalière au Mali

    Moumouni Sidibé1,2,*, Augustin K. N. Aoudji1, Yaya Issifou Moumouni3,*, Issa Sacko4, Idelphonse Saliou1, Bourema Koné2, Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo5, Afio Zannou1

    Revue Internationale de Géomatique, Vol.33, pp. 51-76, 2024, DOI:10.32604/rig.2024.045505

    Abstract La dynamique d’occupation des terres constitue un préalable pour l’identification des contraintes de gestion des ressources naturelles, l’évolution de pratiques agraires et la croissance démographique. L’objectif de cette recherche est d’améliorer les connaissances sur la dynamique d’occupation des terres agricoles dans les zones de cultures sèches (Cinzana) et cotonnière (Kléla) au Mali. La méthodologie utilisée a consisté à la collecte des données planimétriques et à l’analyse diachronique à travers des images satellitaires Landsat TM (Thematic Mapper) de 2000 et OLI (Operational Land Image) de 2020. Les taux de dégradation et de déforestation des formations naturelles… More > Graphic Abstract

    Dynamiques Spatio-Temporelles de l’Occupation des Terres dans les Zones de Production Cotonnière et Céréalière au Mali

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Impact of Different Rates of Nitrogen Supplementation on Soil Physicochemical Properties and Microbial Diversity in Goji Berry

    Xiaojie Liang1,2, Wei An2, Yuekun Li2, Yajun Wang2, Xiaoya Qin2, Yanhong Cui1, Shuchai Su1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 467-486, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.047628

    Abstract

    Goji berry (Lycium barbarum L.) is substantially dependent on nitrogen fertilizer application, which can significantly enhance fruit yield and Goji berry industrial development in Ningxia, China. This study aimed to analyze the functions of differential nitrogen application rates including low (N1), medium (N2), and high (N3) levels in soil microbial community structure (bacterial and fungal) at 2 diverse soil depths (0–20, 20–40 cm) through high-throughput sequencing technology by targeting 16S RNA gene and ITS1 & ITS2 regions. All the observed physicochemical parameters exhibited significant improvement (p < 0.05) with increased levels of nitrogen and the highest

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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Study on the Transmission Dynamics of the Omicron Variant of COVID-19 Using Nonlinear Mathematical Models

    S. Dickson1, S. Padmasekaran1, Pushpendra Kumar2,*, Kottakkaran Sooppy Nisar3, Hamidreza Marasi4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2265-2287, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030286

    Abstract This research examines the transmission dynamics of the Omicron variant of COVID-19 using SEIQIcRVW and SQIRV models, considering the delay in converting susceptible individuals into infected ones. The significant delays eventually resulted in the pandemic’s containment. To ensure the safety of the host population, this concept integrates quarantine and the COVID-19 vaccine. We investigate the stability of the proposed models. The fundamental reproduction number influences stability conditions. According to our findings, asymptomatic cases considerably impact the prevalence of Omicron infection in the community. The real data of the Omicron variant from Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, is More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Advanced Thermochemical Conversion Approaches for Green Hydrogen Production from Crop Residues

    Omojola Awogbemi*, Ayotunde Adigun Ojo, Samson Adedayo Adeleye

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.1, pp. 1-28, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.045822

    Abstract The huge volumes of crop residues generated during the production, processing, and consumption of farm products constitute an ecological nuisance when ineffectively managed. The conversion of crop residues to green hydrogen is one of the sustainable management strategies for ubiquitous crop residues. Production of green hydrogen from crop residue sources will contribute to deepening access to clean and affordable energy, mitigating climate change, and ensuring environmental sustainability. However, the deployment of conventional thermochemical technologies for the conversion of crop residues to green hydrogen is costly, requires long residence time, produces low-quality products, and therefore needs… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Investigation of Combined Production of Natural Gas Hydrate and Conventional Gas

    Hongzhi Xu1,2, Jian Wang1,3, Shuxia Li1,*, Fengrui Zhao1, Chengwen Wang1, Yang Guo1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.3, pp. 505-523, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.030604

    Abstract Natural gas hydrate (NGH) is generally produced and accumulated together with the underlying conventional gas. Therefore, optimizing the production technology of these two gases should be seen as a relevant way to effectively reduce the exploitation cost of the gas hydrate. In this study, three types of models accounting for the coexistence of these gases are considered. Type A considers the upper hydrate-bearing layer (HBL) adjacent to the lower conventional gas layer (CGL); with the Type B a permeable interlayer exists between the upper HBL and the lower CGL; with the type C there is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Responses of Wheat Production, Quality, and Soil Profile Properties to Biochar Applied at Different Seasons in a Rice-Wheat Rotation

    Lipei Chen, Rilie Deng, Xuewen Li, Min Yu, Hongdong Xiao*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3359-3370, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.046877

    Abstract

    In the rice-wheat rotation system, biochar (BC) can be applied at the initiation of the rice or wheat season. Here, we compared the effects of BC that were applied at two different crop seasons on wheat production, quality, and soil profile properties in a rice-wheat rotation system with nitrogen (N) fertilizer applied at 280 kg/ha rate. Results showed that both wheat grain production and N recovery use efficiency were influenced by BC applied at two crop seasons. Biochar application did not affect the total non-essential amino-acid, but when applied during wheat season, BC significantly (p

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