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  • Open Access


    Validity and Reliability of a Mental Health Recovery Checklist for Young Adults

    Brianna Cerrito1,*, Jamie Xiao1, Amie DiTomasso1, Amanda Fialk1, Jocelyn Bolin2

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.4, pp. 317-323, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2024.047876

    Abstract The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the internal consistency and construct validity of a self-report checklist measuring clinical mental health recovery across six key domains: family and relationships, occupation and school, physical health, mental health, spirituality, and social support systems. The Mental Health Recovery Checklist (MHRC) was developed at The Dorm, an intensive outpatient mental health treatment program for young adults in New York, NY, and Washington DC that services individuals between the ages of 18 and 35 years old. The present study is cross-sectional, as data were pulled from clients’ records who were discharged between January… More >

  • Open Access


    Validity, Reliability, and Measurement Invariance of the Thai Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale and Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale

    Kamolthip Ruckwongpatr1,#, Chirawat Paratthakonkun2,#, Usanut Sangtongdee3,4,*, Iqbal Pramukti5, Ira Nurmala6, Kanokwan Angkasith7, Weena Thanachaisakul7, Jatuphum Ketchatturat8, Mark D. Griffiths9, Yi-Kai Kao10,*, Chung-Ying Lin1,5,11,12

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.4, pp. 293-302, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2024.047023

    Abstract Background: In recent years, there has been increased research interest in both smartphone addiction and social media addiction as well as the development of psychometric instruments to assess these constructs. However, there is a lack of psychometric evaluation for instruments assessing smartphone addiction and social media addiction in Thailand. The present study evaluated the psychometric properties and gender measurement invariance of the Thai version of the Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale (SABAS) and Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS). Method: A total of 801 Thai university students participated in an online survey from January 2022 to July 2022 which included demographic… More >

  • Open Access


    Random Forest-Based Fatigue Reliability-Based Design Optimization for Aeroengine Structures

    Xue-Qin Li1, Lu-Kai Song2,3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 665-684, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048445

    Abstract Fatigue reliability-based design optimization of aeroengine structures involves multiple repeated calculations of reliability degree and large-scale calls of implicit high-nonlinearity limit state function, leading to the traditional direct Monte Claro and surrogate methods prone to unacceptable computing efficiency and accuracy. In this case, by fusing the random subspace strategy and weight allocation technology into bagging ensemble theory, a random forest (RF) model is presented to enhance the computing efficiency of reliability degree; moreover, by embedding the RF model into multilevel optimization model, an efficient RF-assisted fatigue reliability-based design optimization framework is developed. Regarding the low-cycle fatigue reliability-based design optimization of… More >

  • Open Access


    Probabilistic-Ellipsoid Hybrid Reliability Multi-Material Topology Optimization Method Based on Stress Constraint

    Zibin Mao1, Qinghai Zhao1,2,*, Liang Zhang1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 757-792, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048016

    Abstract This paper proposes a multi-material topology optimization method based on the hybrid reliability of the probability-ellipsoid model with stress constraint for the stochastic uncertainty and epistemic uncertainty of mechanical loads in optimization design. The probabilistic model is combined with the ellipsoidal model to describe the uncertainty of mechanical loads. The topology optimization formula is combined with the ordered solid isotropic material with penalization (ordered-SIMP) multi-material interpolation model. The stresses of all elements are integrated into a global stress measurement that approximates the maximum stress using the normalized p-norm function. Furthermore, the sequential optimization and reliability assessment (SORA) is applied to… More >

  • Open Access


    Contact Stress Reliability Analysis Model for Cylindrical Gear with Circular Arc Tooth Trace Based on an Improved Metamodel

    Qi Zhang1,2,4,5, Zhixin Chen3, Yang Wu4,*, Guoqi Xiang2, Guang Wen1, Xuegang Zhang2, Yongchun Xie2, Guangchun Yang2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 593-619, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.046319

    Abstract Although there is currently no unified standard theoretical formula for calculating the contact stress of cylindrical gears with a circular arc tooth trace (referred to as CATT gear), a mathematical model for determining the contact stress of CATT gear is essential for studying how parameters affect its contact stress and building the contact stress limit state equation for contact stress reliability analysis. In this study, a mathematical relationship between design parameters and contact stress is formulated using the Kriging Metamodel. To enhance the model’s accuracy, we propose a new hybrid algorithm that merges the genetic algorithm with the Quantum Particle… More >

  • Open Access



    Po Ting Lin, Hae Chang Gea, Yogesh Jaluria*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.1, No.1, pp. 1-20, 2010, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v1.1.3003

    Abstract Thermal systems play significant roles in the engineering practice and our lives. To improve those thermal systems, it is necessary to model and optimize the design and the operating conditions. More importantly, the design uncertainties should be considered because the failures of the thermal systems may be very dangerous and produce large loss. This review paper focuses on a systematic strategy of modeling and optimizing of the thermal systems with the considerations of the design uncertainties. To demonstrate the proposed strategy, one of the complicated thermal systems, Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD), is simulated, parametrically modeled, and optimized. The operating conditions,… More >

  • Open Access


    Saddlepoint Approximation Method in Reliability Analysis: A Review

    Debiao Meng1,2,*, Yipeng Guo1,2, Yihe Xu3, Shiyuan Yang1,2,*, Yongqiang Guo4, Lidong Pan4, Xinkai Guo2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2329-2359, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047507

    Abstract The escalating need for reliability analysis (RA) and reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) within engineering challenges has prompted the advancement of saddlepoint approximation methods (SAM) tailored for such problems. This article offers a detailed overview of the general SAM and summarizes the method characteristics first. Subsequently, recent enhancements in the SAM theoretical framework are assessed. Notably, the mean value first-order saddlepoint approximation (MVFOSA) bears resemblance to the conceptual framework of the mean value second-order saddlepoint approximation (MVSOSA); the latter serves as an auxiliary approach to the former. Their distinction is rooted in the varying expansion orders of the performance function as… More >

  • Open Access


    Reliability and Validity of Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale among Chinese Civil Servants

    Shulan Lei1,2, Shujuan Wang1, Zhuohong Zhu1,2, Min Lu1,2, Xinying Li1,2, Yiming Shen3, Jing Chen1,2,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.1, pp. 61-67, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.045478

    Abstract The purpose of this study was to explore the reliability and validity of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) among Chinese civil servants, thus establishing a useful tool for assessing the mental health of individuals in this occupation. The WEMWBS, Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), and Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) were administered to a sample of 2,624 civil servants (42.860 ± 9.690 years) in a city located within Shandong Province, China. The findings revealed significant differences between groups with high and low scores on each item of the WEMWBS (t = 48.127–78.308, all p < 0.01). The item-total… More >

  • Open Access


    The Social Networking Addiction Scale: Translation and Validation Study among Chinese College Students

    Siyuan Bi1, Junfeng Yuan1,2, Lin Luo1,2,3,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.1, pp. 51-60, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.041614

    Abstract Purpose: The core component theory of addiction behavior provides a multidimensional theoretical model for measuring social networking addiction. Based on this theoretical model, the Social Networking Addiction Scale (SNAS) was developed. The aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the SNAS (SNAS-C). Methods: This study used a sample of 3383 Chinese university students to conduct confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to explore the structural validity of the SNAS-C. This study examined the Pearson correlations between the six subscales of the SNAS-C (i.e., salience, mood modification, tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, conflict, and relapse) and “social… More >

  • Open Access


    An Efficient Reliability-Based Optimization Method Utilizing High-Dimensional Model Representation and Weight-Point Estimation Method

    Xiaoyi Wang1, Xinyue Chang2, Wenxuan Wang1,*, Zijie Qiao3, Feng Zhang3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1775-1796, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.043913

    Abstract The objective of reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) is to minimize the optimization objective while satisfying the corresponding reliability requirements. However, the nested loop characteristic reduces the efficiency of RBDO algorithm, which hinders their application to high-dimensional engineering problems. To address these issues, this paper proposes an efficient decoupled RBDO method combining high dimensional model representation (HDMR) and the weight-point estimation method (WPEM). First, we decouple the RBDO model using HDMR and WPEM. Second, Lagrange interpolation is used to approximate a univariate function. Finally, based on the results of the first two steps, the original nested loop reliability optimization model is… More >

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