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  • Open Access


    A Composite Transformer-Based Multi-Stage Defect Detection Architecture for Sewer Pipes

    Zifeng Yu1, Xianfeng Li1,*, Lianpeng Sun2, Jinjun Zhu2, Jianxin Lin3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 435-451, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046685

    Abstract Urban sewer pipes are a vital infrastructure in modern cities, and their defects must be detected in time to prevent potential malfunctioning. In recent years, to relieve the manual efforts by human experts, models based on deep learning have been introduced to automatically identify potential defects. However, these models are insufficient in terms of dataset complexity, model versatility and performance. Our work addresses these issues with a multi-stage defect detection architecture using a composite backbone Swin Transformer. The model based on this architecture is trained using a more comprehensive dataset containing more classes of defects. By ablation studies on the… More >

  • Open Access


    Two-Stage Optimal Scheduling of Community Integrated Energy System

    Ming Li1,*, Rifucairen Fu1, Tuerhong Yaxiaer1, Yunping Zheng1, Abiao Huang2, Ronghui Liu2, Shunfu Lin2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 405-424, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.044509

    Abstract From the perspective of a community energy operator, a two-stage optimal scheduling model of a community integrated energy system is proposed by integrating information on controllable loads. The day-ahead scheduling analyzes whether various controllable loads participate in the optimization and investigates the impact of their responses on the operating economy of the community integrated energy system (IES) before and after; the intra-day scheduling proposes a two-stage rolling optimization model based on the day-ahead scheduling scheme, taking into account the fluctuation of wind turbine output and load within a short period of time and according to the different response rates of… More >

  • Open Access


    An Adaptive Control Strategy for Energy Storage Interface Converter Based on Analogous Virtual Synchronous Generator

    Feng Zhao, Jinshuo Zhang*, Xiaoqiang Chen, Ying Wang

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 339-358, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043082

    Abstract In the DC microgrid, the lack of inertia and damping in power electronic converters results in poor stability of DC bus voltage and low inertia of the DC microgrid during fluctuations in load and photovoltaic power. To address this issue, the application of a virtual synchronous generator (VSG) in grid-connected inverters control is referenced and proposes a control strategy called the analogous virtual synchronous generator (AVSG) control strategy for the interface DC/DC converter of the battery in the microgrid. Besides, a flexible parameter adaptive control method is introduced to further enhance the inertial behavior of the AVSG control. Firstly, a… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal Location and Sizing of Multi-Resource Distributed Generator Based on Multi-Objective Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm

    Qiangfei Cao1, Huilai Wang2, Zijia Hui1, Lingyun Chen2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 499-521, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042702

    Abstract Distribution generation (DG) technology based on a variety of renewable energy technologies has developed rapidly. A large number of multi-type DG are connected to the distribution network (DN), resulting in a decline in the stability of DN operation. It is urgent to find a method that can effectively connect multi-energy DG to DN. photovoltaic (PV), wind power generation (WPG), fuel cell (FC), and micro gas turbine (MGT) are considered in this paper. A multi-objective optimization model was established based on the life cycle cost (LCC) of DG, voltage quality, voltage fluctuation, system network loss, power deviation of the tie-line, DG… More >

  • Open Access


    Coordinated Voltage Control of Distribution Network Considering Multiple Types of Electric Vehicles

    Liang Liu, Guangda Xu*, Yuan Zhao, Yi Lu, Yu Li, Jing Gao

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 377-404, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.041311

    Abstract The couple between the power network and the transportation network (TN) is deepening gradually with the increasing penetration rate of electric vehicles (EV), which also poses a great challenge to the traditional voltage control scheme. In this paper, we propose a coordinated voltage control strategy for the active distribution networks considering multiple types of EV. In the first stage, the action of on-load tap changer and capacitor banks, etc., are determined by optimal power flow calculation, and the node electricity price is also determined based on dynamic time-of-use tariff mechanism. In the second stage, multiple operating scenarios of multiple types… More >

  • Open Access


    Automatic SOC Equalization Strategy of Energy Storage Units with DC Microgrid Bus Voltage Support

    Jingjing Tian1, Shenglin Mo1,*, Feng Zhao1, Xiaoqiang Chen2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 439-459, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029956

    Abstract In this paper, an improved sag control strategy based on automatic SOC equalization is proposed to solve the problems of slow SOC equalization and excessive bus voltage fluctuation amplitude and offset caused by load and PV power variations in a stand-alone DC microgrid. The strategy includes primary and secondary control. Among them, the primary control suppresses the DC microgrid voltage fluctuation through the Ⅰ and Ⅱ section control, and the secondary control aims to correct the P-U curve of the energy storage system and the PV system, thus reducing the steady-state bus voltage excursion. The simulation results demonstrate that the… More >

  • Open Access


    A Temporary Frequency Response Strategy Using a Voltage Source-Based Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator and Energy Storage Systems

    Baogang Chen1, Fenglin Miao2,*, Jing Yang1, Chen Qi2, Wenyan Ji1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 541-555, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.028327

    Abstract Energy storage systems (ESS) and permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSG) are speculated to be able to exhibit frequency regulation capabilities by adding differential and proportional control loops with different control objectives. The available PMSG kinetic energy and charging/discharging capacities of the ESS were restricted. To improve the inertia response and frequency control capability, we propose a short-term frequency support strategy for the ESS and PMSG. To this end, the weights were embedded in the control loops to adjust the participation of the differential and proportional controls based on the system frequency excursion. The effectiveness of the proposed control strategy was… More >

  • Open Access


    Performance Assessment of a Real PV System Connected to a Low-Voltage Grid

    Gaber Magdy1,2,*, Mostafa Metwally3, Adel A. Elbaset3,4, Esam Zaki5

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.1, pp. 13-26, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043562

    Abstract The generation of photovoltaic (PV) solar energy is increasing continuously because it is renewable, unlimited, and clean energy. In the past, generation systems depended on non-renewable sources such as oil, coal, and gas. Therefore, this paper assesses the performance of a 51 kW PV solar power plant connected to a low-voltage grid to feed an administrative building in the 6th of October City, Egypt. The performance analysis of the considered grid-connected PV system is carried out using power system simulator for Engineering (PSS/E) software. Where the PSS/E program, monitors and uses the power analyzer that displays the parameters and measures… More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental Study on the Performance of ORC System Based on Ultra-Low Temperature Heat Sources

    Tianyu Zhou1, Liang Hao1, Xin Xu2,3, Meng Si2,3, Lian Zhang2,3,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.1, pp. 145-168, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042798

    Abstract This paper discussed the experimental results of the performance of an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) system with an ultra-low temperature heat source. The low boiling point working medium R134a was adopted in the system. The simulated heat source temperature (SHST) in this work was set from 39.51°C to 48.60°C by the simulated heat source module. The influence of load percentage of simulated heat source (LPSHS) between 50% and 70%, the rotary valve opening (RVO) between 20% and 100%, the resistive load between 36 Ω and 180 Ω or the no-load of the generator, as well as the autumn and winter… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Non-Isolated Cubic DC-DC Converter with High Voltage Gain for Renewable Energy Power Generation System

    Qin Yao, Yida Zeng*, Qingui Jia

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.1, pp. 221-241, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.041028

    Abstract In recent years, switched inductor (SL) technology, switched capacitor (SC) technology, and switched inductor-capacitor (SL-SC) technology have been widely applied to optimize and improve DC-DC boost converters, which can effectively enhance voltage gain and reduce device stress. To address the issue of low output voltage in current renewable energy power generation systems, this study proposes a novel non-isolated cubic high-gain DC-DC converter based on the traditional quadratic DC-DC boost converter by incorporating a SC and a SL-SC unit. Firstly, the proposed converter’s details are elaborated, including its topology structure, operating mode, voltage gain, device stress, and power loss. Subsequently, a… More >

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