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  • Open Access


    Tanshinone Suppresses Arecoline-Induced Epithelial–Mesenchymal Transition in Oral Submucous Fibrosis by Epigenetically Reactivating the p53 Pathway

    Lian Zheng, Zhen-Jie Guan, Wen-Ting Pan, Tian-Feng Du, Yu-Jia Zhai, Jia Guo

    Oncology Research, Vol.26, No.3, pp. 483-494, 2018, DOI:10.3727/096504017X14941825760362

    Abstract Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) induced by chewing of the areca nut has been considered to be a precancerous lesion with a high probability of developing oral squamous cell carcinoma. Tanshinone (TSN) is the main component extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza, a traditional Chinese medicine, which was found to have diverse pharmacological effects, such as anti-inflammatory and antitumor. In the current study, we aimed to identify the inhibitory effects and the underlying mechanism of TSN on OSF progress. We found that treatment with TSN inhibited the arecoline-mediated proliferation of primary human oral mucosal fibroblasts and reversed the… More >

  • Open Access


    A novel prognostic gene signature, nomogram and immune landscape based on tanshinone IIA drug targets for hepatocellular carcinoma: Comprehensive bioinformatics analysis and in vitro experiments


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.7, pp. 1519-1535, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.027026

    Abstract Background: Tanshinone IIA, one of the main ingredients of Danshen, is used to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, potential targets of the molecule in the therapy of HCC are unknown. Methods: In this study, we collected the tanshinone IIA targets from public databases for investigation. We screened differentially expressed genes (DEGs) across HCC and normal tissues using mRNA expression profiles from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Univariate Cox regression analysis and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression models were used to identify and construct the prognostic gene signature. Results: Finally, we discovered common… More >

  • Open Access


    Tanshinone IIA protects intestinal epithelial cells from ferroptosis through the upregulation of GPX4 and SLC7A11


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.5, pp. 1107-1115, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.027131

    Abstract Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract. The destruction of the intestinal epithelial barrier is one of the major pathological processes in IBD pathology. Growing evidence indicated that epithelial cell ferroptosis is linked to IBD and is considered a target process. Methods: RAS-selective lethal 3 (RSL3) was used to induce ferroptosis in intestinal epithelial cell line No. 6 (IEC-6) cells, and cell ferroptosis and the effects of tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA) were determined by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), reactive oxygen species (ROS) staining, Giemsa staining and transmission electron microscope… More >

  • Open Access


    Rapid Profiling and Characterization of the Multicomponents from the Root and Rhizome of Salvia miltiorrhiza by Ultra-High Performance Liquid Chromatography/Ion Mobility-Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry in Combination with Computational Peak Annotation Workflows

    Boxue Chen1,#, Hongda Wang1,#, Meiyu Liu1, Wandi Hu1, Yuexin Qian1, Jiali Wang1, Jie Liu1, Xue Li1, Jing Wang2, Wenzhi Yang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.5, pp. 1073-1088, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.019399

    Abstract Herbal components characterization represents a challenging task because of the co-existing of multiple classes of naturally occurring compounds with wide spans of polarity, molecular mass, and the ubiquitous isomerism. The root and rhizome of Salvia miltiorrhiza have been utilized as a reputable traditional Chinese medicine Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (Dan-Shen) in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Herein, a dimension-enhanced ultra-high performance liquid chromatography/ion mobility/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry approach in combination with intelligent peak annotation workflows was established aimed to rapidly characterize the multicomponents from S. miltiorrhiza. Due to the sufficient optimization, satisfactory chromatography separation was enabled… More >

  • Open Access


    Molecular mechanisms of Tanshinone IIA in Hepatocellular carcinoma therapy via WGCNA-based network pharmacology analysis


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.5, pp. 1245-1259, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.018117

    Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a worldwide malignant tumor that caused irreversible consequences. Tanshinone IIA has been shown to play a notable role in HCC treatment. However, the potential targets and associating mechanism of Tanshinone IIA against HCC remain unknown. We first screened out 105 overlapping genes by integrating the predicted targets of Tanshinone IIA from multiple databases and the differentially expressed genes of HCC from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Then, we performed weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) using the RNA-seq profiles of overlapping genes and HCC-related clinical information. 23 genes related to… More >

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