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  • Open Access


    Reciprocal Association between Psychological Distress and PTSD and Their Relationship with Pre-Displacement Stressors among Displaced Women

    Erhabor S. Idemudia1, Babatola D. Olawa1,*, Gail E. Wyatt2, Norweeta G. Milburn2

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.5, pp. 699-710, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.026852

    Abstract It is established in the psychological literature that pre-displacement stressors, PTSD symptoms, and psychological distress are associated among internally displaced persons. However, existing studies have not demonstrated the mechanism underlying these associations. This study compared two explanatory models; one with PTSD symptoms severity explaining the indirect association between pre-displacement stressors and psychological distress, and the other with psychological distress explaining the indirect relationship between pre-displacement stressors and PTSD symptoms severity. In a cross-sectional design, 631 women (Mean age = 31.18 ± 8.59) were conveniently and purposely selected from the displaced women harboured in two camps in Borno State, Nigeria, due… More >

  • Open Access


    Efficacy of a Community-Based Trauma Recovery Program after a Fire Disaster

    Yun-Jung Choi1, Mi-Ra Won2, Dong-Hee Cho1,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.24, No.1, pp. 85-94, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.018017

    Abstract As industries develop, fire disasters and their associated damage are increasing. Investigating the mental health of victims is imperative because this is an essential issue for community recovery after a disaster. This study was conducted to determine the efficacy of a program implemented by a community mental health center based on the investigation of the victims’ depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) levels immediately after the disaster and at one-year follow-up. As a result, victims’ depression and PTSD recovered over time, and more changes were confirmed. In particular, the high-risk group for PTSD showed a high program participation rate, and… More >

  • Open Access


    Managing Traumatic Stress Using a Mental Health Care Mobile App: A Pilot Study

    Yun-Jung Choi1,#, Eun-jung Ko2,#, Eun-Joo Choi2,*, Youn-Joo Um2,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.23, No.3, pp. 385-393, 2021, DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2021.015018

    Abstract This study aims to contribute to improving mental health services and establishing a direction for disaster survivors by verifying the effectiveness of the TLS (Training for Life Skills) app, a mental health management mobile application. Altogether, 22 disaster survivors received access to the app (with guidance) for eight weeks; we analyzed its effectiveness by examining each participant’s electroencephalography data, which were collected while they were utilizing the app. The results of this study show that the use of the TLS app had a significant positive effect on emotional quotient, basic rhythm quotient (left brain, right brain), alpha blocking rate (left… More >

  • Open Access


    Correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder in adults with congenital heart disease

    Bahareh Eslami1,2

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.12, No.3, pp. 357-363, 2017, DOI:10.1111/chd.12452

    Abstract Objective: The aims of this study were to compare the level of posttraumatic stress disorder between adults with and without congenital heart disease, and to examine the correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder (e.g., sociodemographics).
    Design: Cross-sectional.
    Setting: Two university-affiliated heart hospitals in Tehran, Iran.
    Patients: A sample of 347 adults with congenital heart disease aged 18–64 years (52% women), and 353 adults without congenital heart disease matched by sex and age (±2 years) was recruited. Outcome Measures: The PTSD Scale: Self-report version was used to assess the diagnosis and severity of posttraumatic stress disorder. Hierarchical multivariate logistic regression analyses were… More >

  • Open Access


    Cognitive Intervention on the Flashback of Traumatic Event: Based on the Dual Representation Theory of PTSD

    Jing Liu1, Xuelian Chen1,*, Ming Wang2, Lin Cheng3

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.20, No.3, pp. 75-82, 2018, DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2018.010857

    Abstract Flashback, related to the traumatic event, is a prominent symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The dual representation theory (DRT) of PTSD emphasizes that the weakened contextual representation (C-rep), the enhanced sensory representation (S-rep) and the loss of connection between C-rep and S-rep play an important role in the formation and retrieval of flashback. DRT proposes that cognitive intervention tasks which inhibit S-rep or enhance C-rep can reduce flashbacks. And many studies have proved this theoretical hypothesis. In the future, simulation intervention studies should continue to strengthen, some clinical application studies should also be appropriately carried out. Besides, future researchers… More >

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