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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Q-Learning-Based Pesticide Contamination Prediction in Vegetables and Fruits

    Kandasamy Sellamuthu*, Vishnu Kumar Kaliappan

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.1, pp. 715-736, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.029017

    Abstract Pesticides have become more necessary in modern agricultural production. However, these pesticides have an unforeseeable long-term impact on people's wellbeing as well as the ecosystem. Due to a shortage of basic pesticide exposure awareness, farmers typically utilize pesticides extremely close to harvesting. Pesticide residues within foods, particularly fruits as well as veggies, are a significant issue among farmers, merchants, and particularly consumers. The residual concentrations were far lower than these maximal allowable limits, with only a few surpassing the restrictions for such pesticides in food. There is an obligation to provide a warning about this amount of pesticide use in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fruits and Vegetables Freshness Categorization Using Deep Learning

    Labiba Gillani Fahad1, Syed Fahad Tahir2,*, Usama Rasheed1, Hafsa Saqib1, Mehdi Hassan2, Hani Alquhayz3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 5083-5098, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.023357

    Abstract The nutritional value of perishable food items, such as fruits and vegetables, depends on their freshness levels. The existing approaches solve a binary class problem by classifying a known fruit\vegetable class into fresh or rotten only. We propose an automated fruits and vegetables categorization approach that first recognizes the class of object in an image and then categorizes that fruit or vegetable into one of the three categories: pure-fresh, medium-fresh, and rotten. We gathered a dataset comprising of 60K images of 11 fruits and vegetables, each is further divided into three categories of freshness, using hand-held cameras. The recognition and… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Nanotechnology-Based Advancements in Postharvest Management of Horticultural Crops

    Tarun Kumar Upadhyay1,*, V. S. Varun Kumar2, Amit Baran Sharangi3, Vijay J. Upadhye1, Fahad Khan4, Pratibha Pandey4, Mohammad Amjad Kamal5,6,7, Abrar Yasin Baba8 and Khalid Rehman Hakeem9,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.3, pp. 471-487, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.017258

    Abstract Horticulture is a branch of Agricultural science where it is defined as the science and art of cultivating and handling fruits, vegetables, ornamental plants and several plants having unique medicinal and aromatic values. Horticultural crops provide farmers with high income and have good export quality, but they have a concern about postharvest losses. Hence, increasing productivity and decreasing post-harvest losses by using scientific studies and techniques like biotechnology and nanotechnology could be the simplest possible solution to the above-mentioned problems. Using nanotechnology which is having the characteristics of nanoparticles is proven to be very useful in science and technological applications.… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Applications of Decision Support System: A Case Study of Solanaceous Vegetables

    Muhammad Saqib, Muhammad Akbar Anjum*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.2, pp. 331-352, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.011685

    Abstract Crop simulation models constitute the major proportion in decision support systems. A large number of crop models have been developed for potato and few for tomato and peppers. In the literature, thirty three crop models have been reported to simulate potato, nine for tomato and six for peppers. Some of these models dealt with the climate change scenario and others with the crop management practices such as sowing time, irrigation, nitrogen, and insect-pests management. The most evaluated and applied models for potato include; SUBSTOR, and LINTUL-Potato, whereas CROPGRO-tomato model is the most tested and applied for tomato. The AQUACROP is… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Dietary Inclusions and Exclusions: Preparation Against Cancer

    Dheeraj Kumar Sharma1, Ahsas Goyal2,*, Shashank Chaturvedi2,*

    Oncologie, Vol.22, No.4, pp. 213-224, 2020, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2020.014926

    Abstract Cancer results due to an imbalance between regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis. As per the latest data released by World Health Organization (WHO), a large part of global population cannot access proper anticancer therapy, and this imposes a burden of approximately US$ 1.16 trillion on global economy. Relevant studies were identified through electronic searches of Pubmed, Medline, Scopus, Google scholar. In this review, we found that there is extensive range of dietary items whose components can influence either cell proliferation rate or cell death rate or both. Exclusion and avoidance of several dietary items/habits are linked with reduced risk… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Extension of postharvest shelf-life of tomato fruits using biocompatible synthetic latex

    Ramos G1, RH Lira1, RD Peralta2, GY Cortez2, A Cárdenas1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.83, pp. 139-143, 2014, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2014.83.139

    Abstract Tomato fruits are perishable products that require treatments such as coating films to extend their shelf life. Because of this and to avoid use of synthetic chemicals to prevent physical deterioration during postharvest, we evaluated the effects of an edible coating polymer latex poly (vinyl acetate-co-vinyl alcohol), P (VAc-co-VA), at three concentrations (0, 50 and 100%) in tomato fruits. The trial was conducted at room temperature conditions (31 ± 4 °C; with RH of 30 ± 5%) and temperature-controlled (12 ± 1 °C; with RH of 75 ± 5%). Fruits coated with P (VAc-co-VA) at 100 and 50% showed significantly… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Wild vegetable use by Vhavenda in the Venda region of Limpopo Province, South Africa

    Maanda MQ, RB Bhat

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.79, pp. 189-194, 2010, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2010.79.189

    Abstract We studied the marginal utilization of 40 wild vegetable species in the Venda area of Limpopo Province (South Africa). Use of these vegetables with various purposes by humans is indicated. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Diagnosis of the microbiological quality of fruits and vegetables in Chihuahua, Mexico

    Ávila-Quezada1* G, E Sánchez1, E Muñoz1, LR Martínez2, E Villalobos2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.77, pp. 129-136, 2008, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2008.77.129

    Abstract We determined the microbiological quality of the most important fruits and vegetables in Chihuahua State (Mexico) to know the potential risks and apply prevention strategies prior to their consumption. Samples of jalapeño, bell and serrano pepper, cantaloupe, saladet and grape tomato, peach and Golden and Starkimson apple and of well, channel, irrigation and drinking water, as well as that for washing in packing were analyzed to determine Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli, total and fecal coliforms, fungi and yeasts. Determinations were made following the methodology indicated by the Mexican regulations (NOM-111-SSA1-1994). Sampling was made in the whole Chihuahua State during the… More >

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