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  • Learning Patterns from COVID-19 Instances
  • Abstract Coronavirus disease, which resulted from the SARS-CoV-2 virus, has spread worldwide since early 2020 and has been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). Coronavirus disease is also termed COVID-19. It affects the human respiratory system and thus can be traced and tracked from the Chest X-Ray images. Therefore, Chest X-Ray alone may play a vital role in identifying COVID-19 cases. In this paper, we propose a Machine Learning (ML) approach that utilizes the X-Ray images to classify the healthy and affected patients based on the patterns found in these images. The article also explores traditional, and Deep…
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  • Symbol Detection Based on Back Tracking Search Algorithm in MIMO-NOMA Systems
  • Abstract One of the most important methods used to cope with multipath fading effects, which cause the symbol to be received incorrectly in wireless communication systems, is the use of multiple transceiver antenna structures. By combining the multi-input multi-output (MIMO) antenna structure with non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA), which is a new multiplexing method, the fading effects of the channels are not only reduced but also high data rate transmission is ensured. However, when the maximum likelihood (ML) algorithm that has high performance on coherent detection, is used as a symbol detector in MIMO NOMA systems, the computational complexity of the system…
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  • Deterministic and Stochastic Fractional Order Model for Lesser Date Moth
  • Abstract In this paper, a deterministic and stochastic fractional order model for lesser date moth (LDM) using mating disruption and natural enemies is proposed and analysed. The interaction between LDM larvae, fertilized LDM female, unfertilized LDM female, LDM male and the natural enemy is investigated. In order to clarify the characteristics of the proposed deterministic fractional order model, the analysis of existence, uniqueness, non-negativity and boundedness of the solutions of the proposed fractional-order model are examined. In addition, some sufficient conditions are obtained to ensure the local and global stability of equilibrium points. The occurrence of local bifurcation near the equilibrium…
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  • Computerized Detection of Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency from Digital Cornea Images
  • Abstract Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency (LSCD) is an eye disease that can cause corneal opacity and vascularization. In its advanced stage it can lead to a degree of visual impairment. It involves the changing in the semispherical shape of the cornea to a drooping shape to downwards direction. LSCD is hard to be diagnosed at early stages. The color and texture of the cornea surface can provide significant information about the cornea affected by LSCD. Parameters such as shape and texture are very crucial to differentiate normal from LSCD cornea. Although several medical approaches exist, most of them requires complicated procedure…
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  • Secure Data Sharing with Confidentiality, Integrity and Access Control in Cloud Environment
  • Abstract Cloud storage is an incipient technology in today’s world. Lack of security in cloud environment is one of the primary challenges faced these days. This scenario poses new security issues and it forms the crux of the current work. The current study proposes Secure Interactional Proof System (SIPS) to address this challenge. This methodology has a few key essential components listed herewith to strengthen the security such as authentication, confidentiality, access control, integrity and the group of components such as AVK Scheme (Access List, Verifier and Key Generator). It is challenging for every user to prove their identity to the…
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  • Novel Compact UWB Band Notch Antenna Design for Body-Centric Communications
  • Abstract In this paper, a novel and compact ultra-wideband (UWB) antenna with band-notched characteristics for body-centric communication is examined and implemented. The shape of the designed antenna looks like a ‘swan’ with a slotted patch. The performance parameters of this antenna for both the free space and on-body scenario for body-centric communication are analyzed and investigated through the simulation process using Computer Simulation Technology (CST). This antenna can avoid the interference caused by Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) (5.15–5.825 GHz) and Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) (5.25–5.85 GHz) systems with a band notch because of newly designed UWB antenna is…
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  • ML-Fresh: Novel Routing Protocol in Opportunistic Networks Using Machine Learning
  • Abstract Opportunistic Networks (OppNets) is gaining popularity day-by-day due to their various applications in the real-life world. The two major reasons for its popularity are its suitability to be established without any requirement of additional infrastructure and the ability to tolerate long delays during data communication. Opportunistic Network is also considered as a descendant of Mobile Ad hoc Networks (Manets) and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), therefore, it inherits most of the traits from both mentioned networking techniques. Apart from its popularity, Opportunistic Networks are also starting to face challenges nowadays to comply with the emerging issues of the large size of…
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  • Hardware Chip Performance of CORDIC Based OFDM Transceiver for Wireless Communication
  • Abstract The fourth-generation (4G) and fifth-generation (5G) wireless communication systems use the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) modulation techniques and subcarrier allocations. The OFDM modulator and demodulator have inverse fast Fourier transform (IFFT) and fast Fourier transform (FFT) respectively. The biggest challenge in IFFT/FFT processor is the computation of imaginary and real values. CORDIC has been proved one of the best rotation algorithms for logarithmic, trigonometric, and complex calculations. The proposed work focuses on the OFDM transceiver hardware chip implementation, in which 8-point to 1024-point IFFT and FFT are used to compute the operations in transmitter and receiver respectively. The coordinate…
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  • Classification and Diagnosis of Lymphoma’s Histopathological Images Using Transfer Learning
  • Abstract Current cancer diagnosis procedure requires expert knowledge and is time-consuming, which raises the need to build an accurate diagnosis support system for lymphoma identification and classification. Many studies have shown promising results using Machine Learning and, recently, Deep Learning to detect malignancy in cancer cells. However, the diversity and complexity of the morphological structure of lymphoma make it a challenging classification problem. In literature, many attempts were made to classify up to four simple types of lymphoma. This paper presents an approach using a reliable model capable of diagnosing seven different categories of rare and aggressive lymphoma. These Lymphoma types…
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  • Understand Students Feedback Using Bi-Integrated CRF Model Based Target Extraction
  • Abstract Educational institutions showing interest to find the opinion of the students about their course and the instructors to enhance the teaching-learning process. For this, most research uses sentiment analysis to track students’ behavior. Traditional sentence-level sentiment analysis focuses on the whole sentence sentiment. Previous studies show that the sentiments alone are not enough to observe the feeling of the students because different words express different sentiments in a sentence. There is a need to extract the targets in a given sentence which helps to find the sentiment towards those targets. Target extraction is the subtask of targeted sentiment analysis. In…
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  •   Views:62       Downloads:43        Download PDF
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