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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Energy and Cost Analysis of Processing Flat Plate Solar Collectors

    Mamdouh El Haj Assad1,*, Ali Khosravi2, Mohammad AlShabi3, Bassam Khuwaileh3, Abdul-Kadir Hamid4

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 447-458, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014590

    Abstract In this work, a life cycle analysis is accomplished for flat plate solar collectors. The purpose of this investigation is to predict the energy consumption during the manufacturing processes that results in carbon dioxide emissions. Energy consumption and system efficiency enhancement will be studied and predicted. CES EduPack software is used to perform the analysis of the currently commercial system, and the suggested changes are implemented to increase the efficiency and make the comparison. Even though cost analysis is done, the priority of selection is given to the most energy conserving and environmentally friendly alternative. However, if the compared alternatives… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Emission Behaviors of Submicron Particles (PM1) Generated by the Combustion of Sesame Stalk after Combined Water Washing and Carbonization Pretreatment

    Tianyu Liu1, Chang Wen1,2,3,*, Wenyu Wang1, Kai Yan3, Yongjun Xia4, Rui Li3, Juan Liu4, Yang Zhang1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 473-485, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014870

    Abstract Pretreatment before biomass combustion is significant for its efficient utilization and that combined water washing and carbonization can be efficient. An agricultural processing residues sesame stalk was selected and carried out two pretreatments separately, i.e., water washing-torrefaction (W-T) and torrefaction-water washing (T-W), to explore the effect on the fuel properties, combustion characteristics and particulate matter (PM) emission. The obtained biochar was also combusted under air and oxy50 (CO2:O2 = 50:50) conditions for the sake of investigating the effect of pretreatment and combustion atmosphere. The results indicate that, W-T and T-W both not only have great effect on the improvement of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Power Curve Prediction Method for Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbines Using Artificial Neural Networks

    Vin Cent Tai1,*, Yong Chai Tan1, Nor Faiza Abd Rahman1, Chee Ming Chia2, Mirzhakyp Zhakiya2, Lip Huat Saw3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 507-516, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014868

    Abstract Accurate prediction of wind turbine power curve is essential for wind farm planning as it influences the expected power production. Existing methods require detailed wind turbine geometry for performance evaluation, which most of the time unattainable and impractical in early stage of wind farm planning. While significant amount of work has been done on fitting of wind turbine power curve using parametric and non-parametric models, little to no attention has been paid for power curve modelling that relates the wind turbine design information. This paper presents a novel method that employs artificial neural network to learn the underlying relationships between… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Long-Term Electricity Demand Forecasting for Malaysia Using Artificial Neural Networks in the Presence of Input and Model Uncertainties

    Vin Cent Tai1,*, Yong Chai Tan1, Nor Faiza Abd Rahman1, Hui Xin Che2, Chee Ming Chia2, Lip Huat Saw3, Mohd Fozi Ali4

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 715-725, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014865

    Abstract Electricity demand is also known as load in electric power system. This article presents a Long-Term Load Forecasting (LTLF) approach for Malaysia. An Artificial Neural Network (ANN) of 5-layer Multi-Layered Perceptron (MLP) structure has been designed and tested for this purpose. Uncertainties of input variables and ANN model were introduced to obtain the prediction for years 2022 to 2030. Pearson correlation was used to examine the input variables for model construction. The analysis indicates that Primary Energy Supply (PES), population, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and temperature are strongly correlated. The forecast results by the proposed method (henceforth referred to as… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on Reliability of Desorption Indexes of Drilling Cuttings (K1 and ∆h2): A Case-Based on Pingdingshan Mining Region, China

    Jianguo Zhang1, Biao Hu2,*, Xiyuan Li1, Hongxing Zhou2, Zhixu Dai3, Yanlei Lu3, Deyang Wang2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 605-614, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014655

    Abstract To accurately predict the risk of coal and gas outburst and evaluate the reliability of desorption indexes of drilling cuttings (K1 and ∆h2) in No. 16 coal seam of Pingmei No. 12 coal mine, two sets of coal samples were selected from the target coal seams for proximate analyses, methane adsorption/desorption tests, and desorption indexes of drilling cuttings tests. The results indicated that the desorption volume in the initial stage of desorption is large, and increases slowly in the later stage. The methane desorption volume of PMD1 and PMD2 coal samples accounts for 15.14%–18.09% and 15.72%–18.17% respectively in the first… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Probabilistic Load Flow Calculation of Power System Integrated with Wind Farm Based on Kriging Model

    Lu Li1, Yuzhen Fan2, Xinglang Su1,*, Gefei Qiu1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 565-580, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014627

    Abstract Because of the randomness and uncertainty, integration of large-scale wind farms in a power system will exert significant influences on the distribution of power flow. This paper uses polynomial normal transformation method to deal with non-normal random variable correlation, and solves probabilistic load flow based on Kriging method. This method is a kind of smallest unbiased variance estimation method which estimates unknown information via employing a point within the confidence scope of weighted linear combination. Compared with traditional approaches which need a greater number of calculation times, long simulation time, and large memory space, Kriging method can rapidly estimate node… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Qualitative Comparison between the Brazilian Labeling Program for Buildings and the Portuguese Energy Certification System for Buildings: Proposals for Improving Brazilian Regulations

    Jaime Francisco de Sousa Resende1,*, Andrea Lucia Teixeira Charbel2, Teresa Cristina Bessa Nogueira Assunção3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 615-629, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014588

    Abstract Buildings represent a significant share of the world’s energy consumption, and the sector has drawn the attention of governments, which have adopted policies to reduce energy expenditure. The Certifications of Energy Efficiency in Buildings stand out as one possible solution to achieve this goal, employed in several countries worldwide. The European Union presents advanced energy assessment programs for buildings, being a reference and model for several other regulations in the world. The Energy Certification System for Buildings (SCE) of Portugal is considered a success case, reflected in the significant number of energy certificates issued. The Brazilian Labeling Program for Building… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Simulation of Electric Field Distribution along Insulator Surface in Polluted Environments

    Yukun Lv, Yuechi Wang*, Jiawen Wang, Jing Wang, Jiaxi Yang

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 631-642, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014578

    Abstract In recent years, more than 50% of the cities in the inland area of our country have suffered from moderate pollution. It can affect the distribution of electric field along the surface of insulator and the pollution characteristics of its surface area, even endanger the safe operation of transmission lines. This paper takes the XSP-160 porcelain three umbrella insulator under the action of 0–±30 kV DC voltage as the research object, and establishes the physical model of the insulator; uses COMSOL software to simulate the electric field of the insulator. The comparison with the results of the wind tunnel test… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Performance Characteristics of Geothermal Single Well for Building Heating

    Jingying Li1, Tiejun Zhu1, Fengming Li1, Dong Wang1, Xianbiao Bu2, Lingbao Wang2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 517-534, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014464

    Abstract The single well geothermal heating (SWGH) technology has attracted extensive attention. To enhance heat extraction from SWGH, a mathematical model describing heat transfer is set up, and the key influence factor and heat transfer enhancement method are discussed by thermal resistance analysis. The numerical results show that the thermal resistance of rock is far greater than that of well wall and fluid. So, reducing rock thermal resistance is the most effective method for enhancing the heat extraction power. For geothermal well planning to drill: rock thermal resistance can be reduced by increasing well diameter and rock thermal conductivity; the temperature… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimization of Combustion Characteristics and Fuel Injection Timing of a New Type Dual-Pit Combustor Rotary Engine

    Zhongjia Li1, Jianfeng Pan1,*, Hongjun Liu1, Baowei Fan1, Wenming Yang2, Abiodun Oluwaleke Ojo1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 581-603, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014378

    Abstract In order to improve the performance of the rotary engine, this paper has designed a new type of dual-pit rotary engine combustion chamber structure, and compares the combustion and emission characteristics with the rotary engine with a traditional combustion chamber. The existence of the dual-pit combustion chamber strengthens the overall vortex intensity in the cylinder, effectively promotes the mixing process of fuel and air in the cylinder, the maximum combustion pressure in the cylinder increased by 8.6%, significantly increases the diffusion combustion speed, and significantly improves the dynamic performance of the rotary engine. On this basis, the effects of fuel… More >

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