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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental Study on the Bubble Dynamics of Magnetized Water Boiling

    Yang Cao1,*, Jianshu Liu2, Xuhui Meng1

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 675-685, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.051208

    Abstract Boiling heat transfer, as an efficient heat transfer approach, that can absorb a large amount of latent heat during the vaporization, is especially suitable for heat transfer occasions with high heat flux demands. Experimental studies show that the surface tension coefficient of pure water can be reduced sharply (up to 25%) when it is magnetized by a magnetic field applied externally. In this paper, magnetized water (MW) was used as the work fluid to conduct boiling heat transfer experiments, to explore the influence of magnetization on the boiling characteristics of pure water. The electromagnetic device… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimal Design of Drying Process of the Potatoes with Multi-Agent Reinforced Deep Learning

    Mohammad Yaghoub Abdollahzadeh Jamalabadi*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 511-536, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.051004

    Abstract Heat and mass transport through evaporation or drying processes occur in many applications such as food processing, pharmaceutical products, solar-driven vapor generation, textile design, and electronic cigarettes. In this paper, the transport of water from a fresh potato considered as a wet porous media with laminar convective dry air fluid flow governed by Darcy’s law in two-dimensional is highlighted. Governing equations of mass conservation, momentum conservation, multiphase fluid flow in porous media, heat transfer, and transport of participating fluids and gases through evaporation from liquid to gaseous phase are solved simultaneously. In this model, the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimizing Sustainability: Exergoenvironmental Analysis of a Multi-Effect Distillation with Thermal Vapor Compression System for Seawater Desalination

    Zineb Fergani1, Zakaria Triki1, Rabah Menasri1, Hichem Tahraoui1,2,*, Meriem Zamouche3, Mohammed Kebir4, Jie Zhang5, Abdeltif Amrane6,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 455-473, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.050332

    Abstract Seawater desalination stands as an increasingly indispensable solution to address global water scarcity issues. This study conducts a thorough exergoenvironmental analysis of a multi-effect distillation with thermal vapor compression (MED-TVC) system, a highly promising desalination technology. The MED-TVC system presents an energy-efficient approach to desalination by harnessing waste heat sources and incorporating thermal vapor compression. The primary objective of this research is to assess the system’s thermodynamic efficiency and environmental impact, considering both energy and exergy aspects. The investigation delves into the intricacies of energy and exergy losses within the MED-TVC process, providing a holistic… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Radiation Effect on Heat Transfer Analysis of MHD Flow of Upper Convected Maxwell Fluid between a Porous and a Moving Plate

    P. Pai Nityanand, B. Devaki, G. Bhat Pareekshith, V. S. Sampath Kumar*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 655-673, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.050237

    Abstract The study in this manuscript aims to analyse the impact of thermal radiation on the two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic flow of upper convected Maxwell (UCM) fluid between parallel plates. The lower plate is porous and stationary, while the top plate is impermeable and moving. The equations that describe the flow are transformed into non-linear ordinary differential equations with boundary conditions by employing similarity transformations. The Homotopy Perturbation Method (HPM) is then employed to approach the obtained non-linear ordinary differential equations and get an approximate analytical solution. The analysis includes plotting the velocity profile for different Reynolds number… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental and Numerical Investigation of the Performance of Turbulent Heat Transfer in Tubes with Different Cross-Sectioned Wire Coils

    Ali Shokor Golam*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 633-653, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.050218

    Abstract The thermal-hydraulic performance of plain tubes with and without wire coils in turbulent regimes is investigated experimentally and numerically. The effects of wire coil distribution (circular cross section) within the tube were explored experimentally, and water was employed as the working fluid. The numerical simulation was carried out using software programmer ANSYS Fluent 2019 R3 using the finite-volume approach. In the turbulent regime, six cross-sectioned wire coils were analyzed, including: circular, rectangular, hexagonal, square, star shape, and triangle. The utilization of a tube with a wire coil has been shown to increase heat transfer rate More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Investigate the Impact of Dimple Size and Distribution on the Hydrothermal Performance of Dimpled Heat Exchanger Tubes

    Abeer H. Falih*, Basima Salman Khalaf, Basim Freegah

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 597-613, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.049812

    Abstract In this study, the primary objective was to enhance the hydrothermal performance of a dimpled tube by addressing areas with low heat transfer compared to other regions. To accomplish this, a comprehensive numerical investigation was conducted using ANSYS Fluent 2022 R1 software, focusing on different diameters of dimples along the pipe’s length and the distribution of dimples in both in-line and staggered arrangements. The simulations utilized the finite element method to address turbulent flow within the tube by solving partial differential equations, encompassing Re numbers spanning from 3000 to 8000. The study specifically examined single-phase… More > Graphic Abstract

    Investigate the Impact of Dimple Size and Distribution on the Hydrothermal Performance of Dimpled Heat Exchanger Tubes

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Numerical Method for Simulating Boiling Heat Transfer of Nanofluids

    Yang Cao*, Xuhui Meng

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 583-595, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.049111

    Abstract In this paper, a new approach called the Eulerian species method was proposed for simulating the convective and/or boiling heat transfer of nanofluids. The movement of nanoparticles in nanofluids is tracked by the species transport equation, and the boiling process of nanofluids is computed by the Eulerian multiphase method coupled with the RPI boiling model. The validity of the species transport equation for simulating nanoparticles movement was verified by conducting a simulation of nanofluids convective heat transfer. Simulation results of boiling heat transfer of nanofluids were obtained by using the commercial CFD software ANSYS Fluent More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Three-Dimensional Printing Conformal Cooling with Structural Lattices for Plastic Injection Molding

    Suping Shen1,2, Baris Burak Kanbur1,2, Chenlong Wu2, Fei Duan1,2,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 397-415, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.048984

    Abstract The design of three-dimensional printing based conformal cooling channels (CCCs) in injection molding holds great significance. Compared to CCCs, conformal cooling (CC) cavity solutions show promise in delivering enhanced cooling performance for plastic products, although they have been underexplored. In this research, CC cavity is designed within the mold geometry, reinforced by body-centered cubic (BCC) lattice structures to enhance mechanical strength. Three distinct BCC lattice variations have been integrated into the CC cavity: the BCC structure, BCC with cubes, and BCC with pillars. The thermal performances of the BCC lattice-added CC cavity are assessed numerically… More > Graphic Abstract

    Three-Dimensional Printing Conformal Cooling with Structural Lattices for Plastic Injection Molding

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Computational Analysis of Selective Laser Sintering of Inconel 625

    Bin Xiao*, Byoung Hee You, Tongdan Jin

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 417-432, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.048739

    Abstract A two-dimensional multi-physics finite element model is developed to simulate the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) process using Inconel 625 powders. The validity of the developed model is first assessed by comparing its results with experimental data. Various factors such as phase transition, recoil pressure, surface tension, and the Marangoni force are considered. The study’s findings underscore that the morphology and thermal-fluid dynamics of the molten pool in the SLS process are predominantly shaped by the influence of the Marangoni force and recoil pressure acting on its surface. The recoil pressure at the front of the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimizing Two-Phase Flow Heat Transfer: DCS Hybrid Modeling and Automation in Coal-Fired Power Plant Boilers

    Ming Yan1, Caijiang Lu2,*, Pan Shi1,*, Meiling Zhang3, Jiawei Zhang1, Liang Wang1

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 615-631, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.048333

    Abstract In response to escalating challenges in energy conservation and emission reduction, this study delves into the complexities of heat transfer in two-phase flows and adjustments to combustion processes within coal-fired boilers. Utilizing a fusion of hybrid modeling and automation technologies, we develop soft measurement models for key combustion parameters, such as the net calorific value of coal, flue gas oxygen content, and fly ash carbon content, within the Distributed Control System (DCS). Validated with performance test data, these models exhibit controlled root mean square error (RMSE) and maximum absolute error (MAXE) values, both within the… More > Graphic Abstract

    Optimizing Two-Phase Flow Heat Transfer: DCS Hybrid Modeling and Automation in Coal-Fired Power Plant Boilers

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