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Strain Transfer Mechanism of Grating Ends Fiber Bragg Grating for Structural Health Monitoring

Guang Chen1,*, Keqin Ding1, Qibo Feng2, Xinran Yin1, Fangxiong Tang1

China Special Equipment Inspection and Research Institute, Beijing, 10013, China. 1China Special Equipment Inspection and Research Institute, Beijing, 10013, China.
School of Science, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, 100044, China.

*Corresponding Author: Guang Chen. Email: email.

Structural Durability & Health Monitoring 2019, 13(3), 289-301. https://doi.org/10.32604/sdhm.2019.05144

Abstract

The grating ends bonding fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor has been widely used in sensor packages such as substrate type and clamp type for health monitoring of large structures. However, owing to the shear deformation of the adhesive layer of FBG, the strain measured by FBG is often different from the strain of actual matrix, which causes strain measurement errors. This investigation aims at improving the measurement accuracy of strain for the grating ends surface-bonded FBG. To fulfill this objective, a strain transfer equation of the grating ends bonding FBG is derived, and a theoretical model of the average strain transfer from the matrix to the optical fiber is developed. Moreover, parameters that influence the average strain transfer rate from the matrix to the optical fiber are analyzed. A selection scheme of bonding parameters by numerical simulation is provided, which is significantly advantageous over that of the grating bonding FBG. The theoretical equation is verified by finite element method (FEM). Compared with the existing model, the proposed model has higher measurement accuracy. Experimental tests are performed to validate the effectiveness of the proposed model on the equal-intensity cantilever beam, whose surface is attached to the bare FBG with grating ends bonding and strain gauge by using epoxy glue. The results show that there is a great agreement between the outcome of the bare FBG and that of the strain gauge, and the corrected strain is closer to the true strain. The proposed model provides a theoretical basis for the design of the grating ends surface-bonded FBG strain sensor for health monitoring of large structures.

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Cite This Article

Chen, G., Ding, K., Feng, Q., Yin, X., Tang, F. (2019). Strain Transfer Mechanism of Grating Ends Fiber Bragg Grating for Structural Health Monitoring. Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, 13(3), 289–301.

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cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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