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Numerical Exploration of Asymmetrical Impact Dynamics: Unveiling Nonlinearities in Collision Problems and Resilience of Reinforced Concrete Structures

AL-Bukhaiti Khalil1, Yanhui Liu1,*, Shichun Zhao1, Daguang Han2

1 School of Civil Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, 610031, China
2 Faculty of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, China

* Corresponding Author: Yanhui Liu. Email: email

Structural Durability & Health Monitoring 2024, 18(3), 223-254. https://doi.org/10.32604/sdhm.2024.044751

Abstract

This study provides a comprehensive analysis of collision and impact problems’ numerical solutions, focusing on geometric, contact, and material nonlinearities, all essential in solving large deformation problems during a collision. The initial discussion revolves around the stress and strain of large deformation during a collision, followed by explanations of the fundamental finite element solution method for addressing such issues. The hourglass mode’s control methods, such as single-point reduced integration and contact-collision algorithms are detailed and implemented within the finite element framework. The paper further investigates the dynamic response and failure modes of Reinforced Concrete (RC) members under asymmetrical impact using a 3D discrete model in ABAQUS that treats steel bars and concrete connections as bond slips. The model’s validity was confirmed through comparisons with the node-sharing algorithm and system energy relations. Experimental parameters were varied, including the rigid hammer’s mass and initial velocity, concrete strength, and longitudinal and stirrup reinforcement ratios. Findings indicated that increased hammer mass and velocity escalated RC member damage, while increased reinforcement ratios improved impact resistance. Contrarily, increased concrete strength did not significantly reduce lateral displacement when considering strain rate effects. The study also explores material nonlinearity, examining different materials’ responses to collision-induced forces and stresses, demonstrated through an elastic rod impact case study. The paper proposes a damage criterion based on the residual axial load-bearing capacity for assessing damage under the asymmetrical impact, showing a correlation between damage degree hammer mass and initial velocity. The results, validated through comparison with theoretical and analytical solutions, verify the ABAQUS program’s accuracy and reliability in analyzing impact problems, offering valuable insights into collision and impact problems’ nonlinearities and practical strategies for enhancing RC structures’ resilience under dynamic stress.

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APA Style
Khalil, A., Liu, Y., Zhao, S., Han, D. (2024). Numerical exploration of asymmetrical impact dynamics: unveiling nonlinearities in collision problems and resilience of reinforced concrete structures. Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, 18(3), 223-254. https://doi.org/10.32604/sdhm.2024.044751
Vancouver Style
Khalil A, Liu Y, Zhao S, Han D. Numerical exploration of asymmetrical impact dynamics: unveiling nonlinearities in collision problems and resilience of reinforced concrete structures. Structural Durability Health Monit . 2024;18(3):223-254 https://doi.org/10.32604/sdhm.2024.044751
IEEE Style
A. Khalil, Y. Liu, S. Zhao, and D. Han "Numerical Exploration of Asymmetrical Impact Dynamics: Unveiling Nonlinearities in Collision Problems and Resilience of Reinforced Concrete Structures," Structural Durability Health Monit. , vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 223-254. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/sdhm.2024.044751



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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