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Influence of an Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Surface Treatment on the Interfacial Fracture Toughness on Bonded Composite Joints

J. Mohan1, D. Carolan1, N. Murphy1, A. Ivankovic1, D. Dowling1
1 School of Electrical, Electronic and Mechanical Engineering, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.

Structural Durability & Health Monitoring 2007, 3(2), 81-86. https://doi.org/10.3970/sdhm.2007.003.081

Abstract

The aim of this work is to investigate the influence of a variety of plasma treatments on the surface properties of an epoxy-based composite material and to establish a relationship between these properties and the subsequent mechanical behaviour of adhesively bonded joints. To this end, specimens were subjected to three different types of plasma treatment: two short treatments (2min) of He and He plus O2, and one long treatment (15min) of He plus O2. The variation in surface energy of the composite specimens was examined in each case over a period of up to 3 days using contact angle measurements. Initial results show that the surface energy was increased from an untreated value of approximately 40 mJ/m2 to a value of 65 mJ/m2 immediately after treatment. The surface energy then fell by approximately 10 mJ/m2 over the course of three days for each treatment. The composite substrates were then bonded together using an epoxy film adhesive and the Mode I fracture toughness of the joint was determined from a series of symmetric and asymmetric double cantilever beam (DCB) tests. It was found that for both test geometries the adhesive failed cohesively. As a result, the values calculated for the mean propagation strain energy release rate, GIC, were those of the cohesive fracture toughness of the adhesive as opposed to the interfacial fracture toughness between the composite surface and adhesive.

Keywords

Atmospheric pressure plasma, surface energy, composites, adhesives, asymmetric double cantilever beam (DCB) tests.

Cite This Article

Mohan, J., Carolan, D., Murphy, N., Ivankovic, A., Dowling, D. (2007). Influence of an Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Surface Treatment on the Interfacial Fracture Toughness on Bonded Composite Joints. Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, 3(2), 81–86.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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