Table of Content

Open AccessOpen Access

ARTICLE

Improving the Sound Absorption Properties of Flexible Polyurethane (PU) Foam using Nanofibers and Nanoparticles

Roohalah Hajizadeh1, Ali Khavanin2,*, Mohammad Barmar3, Ahmad Jonidi Jafari4, Somayeh Farhang Dehghan5

1 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Polyurethane, Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute, Tehran, Iran
4 Research Center for Environmental Health Technology, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Department of Occupational Health and Safety at Work, Workplace Health Promotion Research Center, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

* Corresponding Author: Ali Khavanin. Email: .

Sound & Vibration 2019, 53(5), 207-222. https://doi.org/10.32604/sv.2019.06523

Abstract

Polyurethane foam as the most well-known absorbent materials has a suitable absorption coefficient only within a limited frequency range. The aim of this study was to improve the sound absorption coefficient of flexible polyurethane (PU) foam within the range of various frequencies using clay nanoparticles, polyacrylonitrile nanofibers, and polyvinylidene fluoride nanofibers. The response surface method was used to determine the effect of addition of nanofi- bers of PAN and PVDF, addition of clay nanoparticles, absorbent thickness, and air gap on the sound absorption coefficient of flexible polyurethane foam (PU) across different frequency ranges. The absorption coefficient of the samples was measured using Impedance Tubes device. Nano clay at low thicknesses as well as polyacrylonitrile nanofibers and polyvinyl fluoride nanofibers at higher thicknesses had a greater positive effect on absorption coefficient. The mean sound absorption coefficient in the composite with the highest absorption coeffi- cient at middle and high frequencies was 0.798 and 0.75, respectively. In comparison with pure polyurethane foam with the same thickness and air gap, these values were 2.22 times at the middle frequencies and 1.47 times at high frequencies, respectively. Surface porosity rose with increasing nano clay, but decreased with increasing polyacrylonitrile nanofibers and polyvinyl fluoride nanofibers. The results indicated that the absorption coefficient was elevated with increasing the thickness and air gap. This study suggests that the use of a combination of nanoparticles and nanofibers can enhance the acoustic properties of flexible polyurethane foam.

Keywords


Cite This Article

Hajizadeh, R., Khavanin, A., Barmar, M., Jafari, A. J., Dehghan, S. F. (2019). Improving the Sound Absorption Properties of Flexible Polyurethane (PU) Foam using Nanofibers and Nanoparticles. Sound & Vibration, 53(5), 207–222.

Citations




This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1738

    View

  • 1458

    Download

  • 1

    Like

Share Link