Vol.122, No.2, 2020, pp.633-659, doi:10.32604/cmes.2020.07919
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Experimental Simulation and Numerical Modeling of Deformation and Damage Evolution of Pre-Holed Sandstones After Heat Treatment
  • Shuo Yang1, Yuanhai Li1, 2, ∗, Xiaojie Tang1, 2, Jinshan Liu1, 2
1 State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China.
2 School of Mechanics and Civil Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China.
∗ Corresponding Author: Yuanhai Li. Email: Lyh@cumt.edu.cn.
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Modeling and Simulation of Fluid flows in Fractured Porous Media: Current Trends and Prospects)
Received 10 July 2019; Accepted 25 September 2019; Issue published 01 February 2020
Abstract
The deformation and damage evolution of sandstone after heat treatment greatly influence the efficient and safe development of deep geothermal energy extraction. To investigate this issue, laboratory confined compression tests and numerical simulations were conducted on pre-holed sandstone specimens after heat treatment. The laboratory test results show that the failure modes are closely related to the heat treatment temperature, with increasing treatment temperature, the failure modes change from mixed and shear modes to a splitting mode. The cracks always initiate from the sidewalls of the hole and then propagate. The failure process inside the hole proceeds as follows: calm period, particle ejection period, rock fragment exfoliation period and rock failure period. The specimens have different final failure features for the entire rock after heat treatment, but have the same failure features inside the hole. These phenomena can be explained by numerical simulations. The numerical simulations reveal that the failure modes in the numerical results agree very well with those observed in the experimental results. The damage zone always occurs at sidewalls of the hole and then propagates to the entire rock affected by shear or tensile damage. From 20°C to 200°C, thermal effect may promote shear damage and restrain tensile damage, while from 200°C to 800°C, thermal effect promotes tensile damage and restrains shear damage. Notably, the damage zone near the sidewalls of the hole has the same distribution range and pattern. Finally, the differences in the mechanisms due to increasing heat temperature are evaluated using scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations.
Keywords
Pre-holed sandstone, high temperature, confined compression, damage evolution, numerical modeling.
Cite This Article
Yang, S., Li, Y., Tang, X., Liu, J. (2020). Experimental Simulation and Numerical Modeling of Deformation and Damage Evolution of Pre-Holed Sandstones After Heat Treatment. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 122(2), 633–659.
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