Vol.7, No.10, 2019, pp.1037-1046, doi:10.32604/jrm.2019.07454
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Synthesis and Characterization of DOPO-g-CNSL and Its Effect on the Properties of Phenolic Foams
  • Yufeng Ma1, Xuanang Gong1, Bing Xie1, Xiang Geng1, Puyou Jia2,*
Nanjing Forestry University, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing, 210037, China.
Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAF), Nanjing, 210042, China.
*Corresponding Author: Puyou Jia. Email: jiapuyou@icifp.cn.
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable Polymer Materials and Their Application)
Abstract
In order to improve the mechanical properties without reducing its flame retardancy of phenolic foams (PFs), 9, 10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide (DOPO) was introduced in the structure of cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) to improve its flame retardant, and the product of DOPO grafting CNSL (DOPO-g-CNSL) was obtained to modify phenolic resin, and to prepare DOPO-g-CNSL modified PFs (DCMPFs). The structures of DOPO-g-CNSL were verified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR). Compared with CNSL, thermal stability of DOPO-g-CNSL was decreased and Ti decreased by 3.53%, but the residual carbon (800°C) was increased by 35.05%. Compared with pure PF, the mechanical properties, toughness and flame retardancy of DCMPFs were increased when the ratio of DOPO-g-CNSL to phenol (DOPO-g-CNSL/P) was no more than 10%. With the dosage of DOPO-g-CNSL/P increased, Ti of DCMPFs was slightly increased, but the carbon residues (800°C) were almost unchanged. And the cell sizes of DCMPFs were basically the same as the pure PF. By comprehensive analysis, the suitable dosage of DOPO-g-CNSL/P was no more than 10%.
Keywords
DOPO, CNSL, modification, phenolic foams, characterization
Cite This Article
Ma, Y., Gong, X., Xie, B., Geng, X., Jia, P. (2019). Synthesis and Characterization of DOPO-g-CNSL and Its Effect on the Properties of Phenolic Foams. Journal of Renewable Materials, 7(10), 1037–1046.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.