Journal of Renewable Materials

About the Journal

Journal of Renewable Materials (JRM) is an interdisciplinary journal publishing original research covering all aspects of bio-based materials, sustainable materials, and green chemistry. The scope of the journal is devoted to reports of new and original experimental and theoretical research in the areas of materials, engineering, physics, bioscience, and chemistry, which are related to the critical renewable and recyclable applications.

Indexing and Abstracting

Science Citation Index-Expanded (Web of Science); 2020 Impact Factor 1.67; Current Contents: Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences; Scopus Citescore (Impact per Publication 2020): 2.0; SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper 2020): 0.574; JCR in the subject categories Materials Science, Composites (Q3) ; Polymer Science (Q3); and the new subject category Green & Sustainable Science & Technology (Q4); Scopus; Ingenta Connect; Chemical Abstracting Services; Polymer Library: Google Scholar; AGRICOLA; Meta; Baidu Xueshu (China); Portico, etc...

  • Cellulose Nanocrystal from Washingtonia Fibre and Its Characterization
  • Abstract Cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) is a biomaterial derived from plant lignocellulosic components, widely applied in various industrial fields. Concurrently, with the growth of awareness in developing green nanomaterial, the explored Washingtonia fibre could be alternative biomass for obtaining CNC products. In the present work, different acid concentrations of 5%, 15%, and 25% hydrochloric solutions were employed to produce CNCs from Washingtonia fibre. With the chemical treatments, the yield of the CNC product was successfully retained at 21.6%−25.1%. Individually separated and needle-shaped CNC particles could be observed under the microscopic viewing with the increased acid concentrations. From elemental analysis, a relatively pure… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Cellulose Nanocrystal from <i>Washingtonia</i> Fibre and Its Characterization
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  • Recent Technologies for the Extraction and Separation of Polyphenols in Different Plants: A Review
  • Abstract Polyphenol is an important secondary metabolite with unique physiological functions and biological activity. The polyphenols in different plants and biomass have different chemical structures, which needs various extraction methods to obtain them. Recently, plant polyphenols and their application research in food and medicine have become a research hotspot, which is mainly focused on preparation, purification, structural identification, and biological activity assays. Among these researches, extraction and separation are the key sections to investigate the structure and activity of polyphenol. Hence, this review summarized the recent extraction and separation techniques of polyphenol, including solvent extraction, supercritical fluid extraction, ultrasonic extraction, enzymatic… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Recent Technologies for the Extraction and Separation of Polyphenols in Different Plants: A Review
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  • One Step Regioselective Acylation of Polyphenolic Wood Extractive and Its Application for Wood Treatment
  • Abstract This study evaluated the methods of grafting commercial catechin with fatty acids, namely capric acid (C10), lauric acid (C12), and myristic acid (C14) through esterification. Specimens of beech wood (Fagus sylvatica L.) were impregnated with catechin and modified catechin-fatty acids, separately, at a 5% concentration diluted in ethanol using vacuum pressure treatment and subjected to leaching. The weight percentage gain before leaching (WPG), after leaching (WPGAL), and weight loss due to leaching (PL) were investigated. Both leached and unleached samples were tested against white-rot fungi (Trametes versicolor) in Petri-dishes for twelve weeks. Results show that samples treated with modified catechin-fatty… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    One Step Regioselective Acylation of Polyphenolic Wood Extractive and Its Application for Wood Treatment
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  • Properties of Different Chemically Treated Woven Hemp Fabric Reinforced Bio-Composites
  • Abstract The objective of this work is to carry out the chemical treatment for the hemp fabrics in a closed vacuum system and to prepare bio-based composites using treated hemp fabrics. The change in surface tension of the treated fabrics was measured using contact angle measurement and the wetting behavior using a tensiometer. Bio-based composites were fabricated using bio-based epoxy resin and different chemically treated fabrics. The flexural strength and dynamic water absorption behavior of the composites were characterized. The acetylated fabrics showed very good wetting behavior, and the contact angle values were marginally low compared to other treatment techniques. The… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Properties of Different Chemically Treated Woven Hemp Fabric Reinforced Bio-Composites
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  • Study on the Fire Behavior of Sandwich Wall Panels with GFRP Skins and a Wood-Web Core
  • Abstract To investigate the temperature field and residual bearing capacity of the sandwich wall panels with GFRP skins and a wood-web core under a fire, three sandwich walls were tested. One of them was used for static load test and the other two for the one-side fire tests. Besides, temperature probe points were set on the sandwich walls to obtain the temperature distribution. Meanwhile, the model of the sandwich wall was established in the finite element software by the method of core material stiffness equivalent. The temperature distribution and performance reduction of materials were also considered. The residual bearing capacity of… More
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  • The Estimation of the Higher Heating Value of Biochar by Data-Driven Modeling
  • Abstract Biomass is a carbon-neutral renewable energy resource. Biochar produced from biomass pyrolysis exhibits preferable characteristics and potential for fossil fuel substitution. For time- and cost-saving, it is vital to establish predictive models to predict biochar properties. However, limited studies focused on the accurate prediction of HHV of biochar by using proximate and ultimate analysis results of various biochar. Therefore, the multi-linear regression (MLR) and the machine learning (ML) models were developed to predict the measured HHV of biochar from the experiment data of this study. In detail, 52 types of biochars were produced by pyrolysis from rice straw, pig manure,… More
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  • Comparison of Essential Oil Composition, Phenolic Compound and Biological Activities of Salvia microphylla and Teucrium polium (Lamiaceae)
  • Abstract Salvia microphylla and Teucrium polium are medicinal and aromatic plants with ethnobotanical uses. The present study was conducted to investigate the chemical composition of Salvia microphylla and Teucrium polium essential oils, the secondary metabolites, and the biological activities of their infusion and methanolic (MeOH) extracts. Essential oils were extracted by hydrodistillation from shoots Salvia microphylla and Teucrium polium. Phenolic content, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities were determined. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) results showed the presence of significant qualitative and quantitative variations for the composition of the both essential oils (EO). Salvia microphylla EO were most complex and present 70 compounds with… More
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  • Preparation and Characterization of Waterborne Polyurethane with Unique Nanoparticles by Controlling Water
  • Abstract A facile method, focusing on emulsification, chain extension and dispersion process in preparing waterborne polyurethane, was developed to prepare emulsion with rod-like nanoparticles. The facile method involves a water addition procedure by in situ generated water to react with polyurethane prepolymer instead of the external water addition process. As a comparison, waterborne polyurethane was synthesized through the external water addition process. According to the characterization methods including FTIR, 1H-NMR, TEM and water swelling experiments, it is suggested there are two kinds of hydrogen bonds interactions in hard/soft domain of the novel polyurethane, and the phase separation of hard/soft domains increases… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Preparation and Characterization of Waterborne Polyurethane with Unique Nanoparticles by Controlling Water
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  • Effect of Alternation of Aging and Seawater Erosion on Properties of Rubber Material Used in Lead Rubber Bearing
  • Abstract An artificially accelerated alternation of aging and seawater erosion test of rubber materials used in lead rubber bearing (LRB) was performed, mainly to study the time-varying laws of rubber materials mechanical properties. Time-varying laws of the Mooney–Rivlin and Neo-Hookean constitutive parameters of rubber materials under the alternation of aging and seawater erosion were also analyzed. Results indicate that the rubber material mechanical properties were significantly affected by alternation of aging and seawater erosion. Hardness and elongation stress increased exponentially with test time. And 120 days after the test, the hardness increased by 14%, the maximum percentage increase in stress of… More
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  • Laboratory Study on CR/SBS Modified Asphalt: Preparation and Performance Characterization
  • Abstract Crumble rubber (CR) can be used to prepare CR and styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) composite modified asphalt with a good high-and low-temperature performance, meanwhile the addition of CR could work as the substitute for SBS and help reduce the content of SBS. This study contains three main parts: effect of preparation and effect of material composition as well as rheological performance characterization. Factors during the preparation, including shearing temperature, shearing time, mixing time and swelling time, were selected, while base binder, CR content, CR particle size and SBS content in material composition were considered. The effects of these factors were assessed in… More
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  • Experimental Performance Measures of Recycled Insulation Concrete Blocks from Construction and Demolition Waste
  • Abstract Construction and demolition (C&D) waste has seriously affected the ecological environment. The utilization of C&D waste resources can greatly alleviate this problem, and it is an important way to help achieve the goal of zero carbon in 2050. In this study, insulation concrete blocks were developed with recycled aggregates, cement, fly ash as main raw materials, expanded polystyrene (EPS) insulation boards as block insulation filling material, and self-developed construction waste composite activator, interface enhancer, surface modifier and other additives. Through experimental research and performance test analysis, the best mix ratio of the product and the mechanism of each additive were… More
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  • Study on Triaxial Mechanical Properties and Micro Mechanism of Fly Ash Reinforced Cement Calcareous Sand
  • Abstract In order to study the mechanical properties and micro-mechanism of industrial waste fly ash-reinforced cement calcareous sand (FCS), the triaxial unconsolidated undrained (UU) test and scanning electron microscope tests (SEM) were carried out on it. The results of UU test show that the peak stress and energy dissipation of the FCS sample first increase and then decrease with the increase in fly ash content. Fly ash enhances the cement calcareous sand by increasing both the cohesion and internal friction angle, and adding 10% content of fly ash gives the largest values. The SEM test results shows that the hydration products… More
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  • Synthesis of Hierarchical TS-1 and Its Recycling Catalytic Property for Oxidative Desulfurization
  • Abstract Because of its unique pore structure, good hydrothermal stability and high specific surface area, hierarchical TS-1 zeolite (HTS-1) has become an important catalyst for the deep oxidative desulfurization of fuel oils. In this work, HTS-1 has been successfully synthesized by a hydrothermal crystallization method using the C-SiO2 composite as both silicon source and mesoporous template, tetrapropylammonium hydroxide as microporous template, and tetrabutylorthotitanate as titanium source. The C-SiO2 composite is obtained by mild carbonization of the SiO2/T-40 (Tween 40) xerogel, which is prepared by the two step sol-gel method. The reaction conditions for the oxidative desulfurization (ODS) of dibenzothiophene (DBT) and… More
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    Synthesis of Hierarchical TS-1 and Its Recycling Catalytic Property for Oxidative Desulfurization
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  • Mechanism behind Time Dependent Elasticity of Crumb Rubber-Nano-Asphalt Hybrids Using Discrete Relaxation Spectrum
  • Abstract Crumb rubber powder is a successfully used renewable material obtained from waste tire rubber, which has been incorporated into paving asphalt since the 1930s due to its good resistance to deformation and fatigue as well as its eco-friendly performance. In this study, carbon nanotubes and nano silica were incorporated into the terminal blend crumb rubber modified asphalt technology to remedy the issues of excessive desulfurization and degradation of ground tyre rubber with this technology. The mechanism behind the high temperature delayed elastic properties of the crumb rubber-nano-asphalt hybrids was experimentally investigated based on discrete relaxation spectrum. Development of the discrete… More
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