Home / Journals / JRM / Vol.7, No.9, 2019
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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Effects of Gamma Irradiation on Molecular Weight, Morphology and Physical Properties of PHBV/Cloisite 30B Bionanocomposites

    Kahina Iggui1,2,*, Mustapha Kaci1, Mohamed Mahlous3, Nicolas Le Moigne4, Anne Bergeret4
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.9, pp. 807-820, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.06778
    Abstract In this paper, the effects of gamma irradiation on Cast poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and PHBV/Cloisite 30B (C30B) (3 wt%) bionanocomposite prepared by melt compounding, were evaluated at various doses, i.e., 5, 15, 20, 50 and 100 kGy at room temperature in air. Changes in molecular weight, morphology and physical properties were investigated. The study showed that the main degradation mechanism occurring in gamma irradiation in both Cast PHBV and C-PHBV/3C30B bionanocomposite is chain scission, responsible for the decrease of molecular weight. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) data indicated a regular decrease in crystallization temperature, melting temperature and crystallinity index for all irradiated… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Physicochemical and Mechanical Performances of Technical Flax Fibers and Biobased Composite Material: Effects of Flax Transformation Process

    M. Khennache1,*, A. Mahieu1, M. Ragoubi1, S. Taibi1, C. Poilâne2, N. Leblanc1
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.9, pp. 821-838, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.06772
    Abstract In France, the use of flax fibers as reinforcement in composite materials is growing exponentially in the automotive sector, thanks to their good physicochemical properties, environmental reasons, health neutrality and due to the European Council Directives on the reuse, recycling and valorization of car components and materials. The aim of our study is to investigate biochemical, physicochemical, and mechanical properties of technical flax fibers to evaluate the impact of transformation processes (scutching, hackling, and homogenization) on final properties of associated composite materials. Different chemical analysis such as Van Soest (biochemical fraction measurement), FTIR (Fourier Transform InfraRed spectroscopy), and XRD (X-ray… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Modelling of the Transient Hygroscopic Behavior of Flax-Epoxy Composite

    Wajdi Zouari1,*, Mustapha Assarar1, Abderrazak Chilali2, Rezak Ayad1, Hocine Kebir3
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.9, pp. 839-853, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.06773
    Abstract This contribution deals with the development of a three-node triangular plane finite element to analyze the transient hygroscopic behavior of 2/2 twill flax fabric-reinforced epoxy composite. Several plates of this material were fabricated using the vacuum infusion process and composite specimens were then cut and aged in tap water at room temperature until saturation. To simplify, a plane modelling of water diffusion in the aged specimens is adopted and Fick’s model is used to describe the water diffusion kinetics. To highlight the heterogeneity of the flax-epoxy samples, the twill flax fabrics waviness is modelled with a sinusoidal undulation. In particular,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Shear Strength of Unbound Crop By-Products Using the Direct Shear Box Apparatus

    Morgan Chabannes1,2,*, Frédéric Becquart1,2, Nor-Edine Abriak1,2
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.9, pp. 855-863, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.06779
    Abstract The return to old building methods by mixing crop by-products with mineral binders is arousing great interest in Europe since about 25 years. The use of these bio-aggregates based materials for the design of building envelopes is a valuable opportunity to deal with increasingly demanding thermal regulations. In addition, the regulatory framework is moving towards reducing the overall car-bon footprint of new buildings. Some traditional and historic buildings are based on timber framing with earth-straw as infill material for instance. Hemp concrete is a bio-based material that can be manually tamped in timber stud walls or more recently in the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hygrothermal/UV Aging Effect on Visual Aspect and Mechanical Properties of Non-Woven Natural-Fiber Composites

    Daniel Scida1,*, Sébastien Alix1, Stéphane Buet1, El Hadi Saidane1, François Courmont1,2, Karim Behlouli2, Rezak Ayad1
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.9, pp. 865-875, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.06609
    Abstract This work aims at studying the effect of hygrothermal and UV cyclic aging on the tensile properties and esthetic characteristics of non-woven composites. The composite materials were thermo-compressed from non-woven mats made up of PP and flax or kenaf fibers. This works included evaluating the change in color appearance and analyzing the variations in tensile properties and damage mechanisms, depending on the aging time. The presence of the UV protection film on the composite surface showed its effectiveness against aging. From visual observations and measurement of colorimetric parameters, it has been proved effective in the reduction of the bleaching and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Stacking Sequences on the Mechanical and Damping Properties of Flax Glass Fiber Hybrid

    Khouloud Cheour1,*, Mustapha Assarar1, Daniel Scida1, Rezak Ayad1, Xiaolu Gong2
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.9, pp. 877-889, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.06826
    Abstract The aim of this study is to show the interest of the mechanical and dynamical properties of glass-flax hybrid composites. Therefore, various staking sequences of glass-flax hybrid composites were manufactured and tested in free vibrations. The damping coefficients were identified by fitting the experimental responses of free-free bending vibrations. The obtained results show that the staking sequences and the position of flax fiber layers in the hybrid composites changed the properties, so a classification of different stacking sequences was established. In fact, the hybrid laminate made of two glass external layers placed on both sides of four flax layers is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Effect of the Process on Mechanical Properties of Polylactic Acid-Date Palm Leaf Fibers Composite Films Produced By Extrusion Blowing

    Fatma Kharrat1, Rania Chaari1, Mohamed Khlif1, Loic Hilliou2, José A. Covas2, Mohamed Haboussi3,*, Hedi Nouri1, Chedly Bradai1
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.9, pp. 891-901, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.06827
    Abstract Biocomposite films prepared with melt compounding and film blowing have become a new trend in plastic research to deliver more eco-friendly packages. Polylactic acid (PLA) was melt compounded with minimally processed date palm leaf fiber (DPLF) and converted into films by blown film extrusion. The compounding was done in order to enhance the film mechanical properties in one hand, and to decrease the film production cost in the other hand. In this present study, a reference PLA film and films with 1%, 2%, and 5% of DPLF (weight %) were produced with different process parameters. The spatial variations in films… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Soluble Components From Plant Aggregates on the Setting of the Lime-Based Binder

    Lepeng Wang1, Hélène Lenormand1,*, Hafida Zmamou1, Nathalie Leblanc1
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.9, pp. 903-913, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.06788
    Abstract Plant aggregate-based building materials are a viable solution for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and providing good thermal and acoustic performances. In this study, the investigated lightweight mortars require a hydraulic reaction. Laboratory and on-site empirical observations about plant aggregate-based materials indicate a delay in setting time and a decrease in the mechanical performances of concretes based on plant aggregates. The natural origin of plant-aggregates causes a lot of variability in their properties. Related studies have shown that the incompatibility between plant aggregates and cement is mainly caused by the dissolved and decomposed components of plant aggregates in alkaline environments. Currently,… More >

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