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The Effects of Gamma Irradiation on Molecular Weight, Morphology and Physical Properties of PHBV/Cloisite 30B Bionanocomposites

Kahina Iggui1,2,*, Mustapha Kaci1, Mohamed Mahlous3, Nicolas Le Moigne4, Anne Bergeret4

Laboratoire des Matériaux Polymères Avancés (LMPA), Université de Bejaia, 06000 Bejaia, Algeria.
Institut de Technologie, Université Akli Mohand Oulhadj, Bouira 10000, Algeria.
Centre de Recherche Nucléaire d'Alger (CRNA), Boulevard Frantz Fanon, Alger 16000, Algeria.
Centre des Matériaux des Mines d’Alès (C2MA)a, IMT Mines Alès, Université de Montpellier, 6 avenue de Clavières, 30319 Alès Cedex, France.
C2MA is member of the European Polysaccharide Network of Excellence (EPNOE), http://www.epnoe.eu.

*Corresponding Author: Kahina Iggui. Email: email.

Journal of Renewable Materials 2019, 7(9), 807-820. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.06778

Abstract

In this paper, the effects of gamma irradiation on Cast poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and PHBV/Cloisite 30B (C30B) (3 wt%) bionanocomposite prepared by melt compounding, were evaluated at various doses, i.e., 5, 15, 20, 50 and 100 kGy at room temperature in air. Changes in molecular weight, morphology and physical properties were investigated. The study showed that the main degradation mechanism occurring in gamma irradiation in both Cast PHBV and C-PHBV/3C30B bionanocomposite is chain scission, responsible for the decrease of molecular weight. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) data indicated a regular decrease in crystallization temperature, melting temperature and crystallinity index for all irradiated samples with increasing the dose. Further, DSC thermograms of both Cast PHBV and PHBV bionanocomposite exhibited double melting peaks due probably to changes in the PHBV crystal structure. Tensile and DMA data showed a reduction in Young’s modulus, strength, elongation at break and storage modulus with the radiation dose; the decrease was however more pronounced for Cast PHBV. The morphological damages were much less pronounced for the PHBV bionanocomposite sample compared to Cast PHBV, for which some irregularities and defects were observed at 100 kGy. This study highlighted the ability of C30B to counterbalance the detrimental effect of radiolytic degradation on the functional properties of PHBV up to 100 kGy, thus acting as a potential anti-rad.

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APA Style
Iggui, K., Kaci, M., Mahlous, M., Moigne, N.L., Bergeret, A. (2019). The effects of gamma irradiation on molecular weight, morphology and physical properties of phbv/cloisite 30B bionanocomposites. Journal of Renewable Materials, 7(9), 807-820. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.06778
Vancouver Style
Iggui K, Kaci M, Mahlous M, Moigne NL, Bergeret A. The effects of gamma irradiation on molecular weight, morphology and physical properties of phbv/cloisite 30B bionanocomposites. J Renew Mater. 2019;7(9):807-820 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.06778
IEEE Style
K. Iggui, M. Kaci, M. Mahlous, N.L. Moigne, and A. Bergeret "The Effects of Gamma Irradiation on Molecular Weight, Morphology and Physical Properties of PHBV/Cloisite 30B Bionanocomposites," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 807-820. 2019. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.06778

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