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Ethyl cellulose, as a non–toxic, natural material was used to prepare ethyl cellulose microcapsules containing potassium monopersulfate (PMCM) to fight off bacteria. The sustained release of the drug from PMCM could maintain effective activity for a long time, showing great potential as a high sustained-release performance and green microcapsule. Owing to the excellent features of PMCM, PMCM can potentially be widely used for water treatment. 

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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Biodegradable Behavior of Waste Wool and Their Recycled Polyester Preforms in Aqueous and Soil Conditions

    Sudhakar Muniyasamy1,2,*, Asis Patnaik3,*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1661-1671, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.014904
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plastic waste management towards a sustainable future)
    Abstract Present study deals with the biodegradable behavior of individual components and their preforms of nonwoven biocomposites developed from waste wool fibers including coring wool (CW), dorper wool (DW) and recycled polyester fibers (RPET). A respirometric technique was employed to estimate the production of CO2 during the biodegradation experiments under soil and aqueous media conditions. Functional groups of test samples before and after biodegradation were analyzed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Leaching chemicals such as formaldehyde (hydrolyzed) and Chromium VI (Cr VI) was also measured. The CO2 emission in wool fibers CW and DW indicated 90% and 60% biodegradation in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Preparation and Characterization of Potassium Monopersulfate/Ethyl Cellulose Microcapsules and Their Sustained Release Performance

    Qiaoguang Li1, Xuming Yan1, Jialong Chen1, Xugang Shu1,*, Puyou Jia2,*, Xiangjun Liang3
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1673-1684, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.014695
    Abstract Environmental cleaning is an important aspect of bacteria control. Ethyl cellulose microcapsules containing potassium monopersulfate (PMCM) were prepared by emulsified solvent diffusion method. The chemical structure and microstructure of the obtained PMCM was characterized by methods of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ACT energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The SEM micrographs of the PMCM containing 21.6% of C, 46.8% of O, 10.7% of S and 19.4% of K was relatively smooth. Thermal stability, sustained release performance, and antimicrobial activity of PMCM were investigated. The results showed that the drug loading and encapsulation efficiency of PMCM… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fabrication and Simulation of TE Modules for a Feasibility Study on Harvesting Solar Heat Energy from Roof Tiles

    Sakorn Inthachai1, Supasit Paengson2, Jindaporn Jamradloedluk1,*, Tosawat Seetawan2,*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1685-1697, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015553
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: New Trends in Sustainable Materials for Energy Conversion, CO2 Capture and Pollution Control)
    Abstract A novel roof tile thermoelectric generator (RT-TEG) was used to harvest electrical energy from a solar heat source. The RT-TEG was fabricated and simulated by flat and curved thermoelectric modules consisting of p-n junctions of p-Sb2Te3 and n-Bi2Te3, with an Al2O3 substrate at the top and bottom for heat absorption and heat rejection. The RT-TEG was installed in a roof tile to act as a generator. The electrical voltage and power values of the curved thermoelectric modules were higher than those of the flat thermoelectric module by 0.44 V and 80 mW, at a temperature difference (ΔT) of 100 K.… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Fabrication and Simulation of TE Modules for a Feasibility Study on Harvesting Solar Heat Energy from Roof Tiles

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Synthesis and Characterization of Green Potassium Nanoparticles from Sideroxylon Capiri and Evaluation of Their Potential Antimicrobial

    Judith Constantino-Alcazar1, Miguel Abud-Archila1, Benjamín Valdez-Salas3, Federico Gutierrez-Miceli1, Carlos Ceceña-Duran2, Blanca López-Valenzuela2, Daniel Gonzalez-Mendoza2,*,*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1699-1706, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015645
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Current Advances in Green Nanomaterials Applications)
    Abstract In the present study, the green synthesis of potassium nanoparticles (K-NPs) was assessed using aqueous extract of Sideroxylon capiri. The potassium nanoparticles were analyzed by UV-visible spectroscopic techniques, X-ray spectrometers of energy dispersive (SEM-EDS) and dynamic light scattering. The results showed high values at 3.5 keV confirming the formation of potassium nanoparticles and the SEM analysis showed an agglomerated particles size between 360 to 200 nm with a spherical morphology. The K-NPs showed an effective antibacterial activity against the test organisms mainly with Bacillus cereus, Enterobacter aerogenes, Fusarium solani and Botrytis cinerea. However further studies about nanotoxicity of K-NPs are… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Preparation and Electrorheological Response of PAL/TiO2/PANI Nanorods

    Ling Wang1,2, Chenchen Huang1, Ping Zhang3, Fenghua Liu1,*, Ting Zou1, Zhixiang Li1, Jianfei Zhang1, Gaojie Xu1
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1707-1715, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.013884
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Current Advances in Green Nanomaterials Applications)
    Abstract Using palygorskite (PAL) as template, the PAL/TiO2/PANI nano-rods were synthesized by heterogeneous precipitation and in-situ polymerization. The synthesized PAL/TiO2/PANI nanorods were used as a novel electrorheological (ER) fluid by mixing with silicone oil, which showed excellent ER effect. The yield stress of the PAL/TiO2/PANI based ER fluid (15 vol%) reached 8.8 kPa under 4 kV mm−1 electric field. The dynamic shear stress of the PAL/TiO2/PANI based ER fluid could maintain a stable level in the shear rate range of 0.1–100 s−1 . Furthermore, the PAL/TiO2/PANI ER fluid exhibited excellent suspension stability. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Nanofibrillation of Bacterial Cellulose Using High-Pressure Homogenization and Its Films Characteristics

    Heru Suryanto1,2,*, Muhamad Muhajir1, Bili Darnanto Susilo1, Yanuar Rohmat Aji Pradana1, Husni Wahyu Wijaya2,3, Abu Saad Ansari4, Uun Yanuhar5
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1717-1728, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015312
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Nanocellulose and Nanocellulose-Derived Functional Materials)
    Abstract The microstructure of bacterial cellulose nanofibers (BCNs) film affects its characteristic. One of several means to engineer the microstructure is by changing the BCNs size and fiber distribution through a high-pressure homogenizer (HPH) process. This research aimed to find out the effects of repetition cycles on HPH process towards BCNs film characteristics. To prepare BCNs films, a pellicle from the fermentation of pineapple peels waste with Acetobacter xylinum (A. xylinum) was extracted, followed by crushing the pellicle with a high-speed blender, thereafter, homogenized using HPH at 150 bar pressure with variations of 5, 10, 15, and 20 cycles. The BCNs… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of the Proportion of Bamboo Scraps on the Properties of Bamboo Scraps/Magnesium Oxychloride Composites

    Long Zheng, Yiqiang Wu, Shu Wang, Guoan Sheng, Baorong Sun, Yingfeng Zuo*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1729-1739, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015143
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable building materials and properties)
    Abstract This study was designed to solve the problem of large waste volume from bamboo processing residues in recent years. Using magnesium oxychloride (MO) cementitious material as the main material and bamboo residue (BR) as the reinforcing material, a BR/MO composite material was prepared. The effects of BR amount on the molding properties, mechanical strength, and water resistance of BR/MO composites were examined and discussed. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), and thermogravimetric analysis were used to characterize composite microscopic morphology, crystalline structure, and heat resistance. The results showed that, when the BR content was 1.00% (by wt), the flowability… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Highly Efficient Adsorption of P-Xylene from Aqueous Solutions by Hierarchical Nanoporous Biochar Derived from Crab Shell

    Yingna Chen1, Hailong Zhang2, Jian Guo1, Lu Cai3, Yaning Wang4, Xinxin Yao5, Wendong Song6, Lili Ji4,*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1741-1755, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015924
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable Material from Agricultural Waste and By-Product and Its Applications)
    Abstract The global consumption of p-xylene (PX) for the production of polymers has raised serious concerns about its impact on the environment. As various reports have shown the risks that PX could pose to human health, research into cost-effective remedial methods to remove PX from the environment has gained attraction. In this work, a hierarchical porous crab shell biochar (KCS) was synthesized, characterized, and evaluated for its effi- ciency to remove PX from aqueous solution. The characterizations of KCS, including the porous structure, surface functional group, phase structure, and surface morphology, were discussed by N2 adsorption-desorption, FTIR, XRD, and SEM. Batch… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Highly Efficient Adsorption of P-Xylene from Aqueous Solutions by Hierarchical Nanoporous Biochar Derived from Crab Shell

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Experimental and Analytical Study on Cross-Laminated Bamboo Rocking Walls with Friction Dampers

    Qingfang Lv1, Tongchen Han1, Ye Liu2,*, Yi Ding1, Yujie Lu1
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1757-1779, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015536
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable building materials and properties)
    Abstract

    Cross-laminated bamboo (CLB) have a high strength to weight ratio and stable bidirectional mechanical properties. Inspired by the investigation on cross-laminated timber (CLT) rocking walls, CLB rocking walls with conventional friction dampers (CFDs) are studied in this paper. To investigate the mechanical properties of the CLB rocking wall, seven tests are conducted under a cyclic loading scheme, and different test parameters, including the existence of the CFDs, the moment ratio, and the loading times, are discussed. The test results show a bilinear behavior of the CLB rocking wall. The small residual displacements of the CLB rocking wall demonstrate an idealized… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    An Experimental and Analytical Study on Cross-Laminated Bamboo Rocking Walls with Friction Dampers

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Encapsulation Combined with Microwave Heating on Self-Healing Performance of Asphalt Mixture

    Benan Shu1,*, Lixian Guo1, Bing Qiu1, Tengyu Yang1, Tao Sun1, Wenjun Qiu1, Min Zhou1, Putao Song2, Yuanyuan Li3, Diego Maria Barbieri4, Shaopeng Wu5,*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1781-1794, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015659
    Abstract As an innovative maintenance technology of asphalt pavement, encapsulated rejuvenator used to improve its self-healing performance has been widely investigated by researchers in recent years. In this work, the selfhealing properties of asphalt mixture with and without encapsulations were comparatively studied considering these parameters: Healing time, healing cycles and microwave heating. Three-point bending strength recovery test and fatigue loading cycles recovery test were conducted for two kinds of encapsulations containing the healing agents present inside the asphalt mixture, namely compartmented Ca-alginate/SiO2 fiber and compartmented Ca-alginate/graphene oxide fiber. The results showed that the optimum healing time was three days. After the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study on Improvement of Hygroscopicity of Magnesite-Bonded Wood Wool Panel

    Li Luo*, Xiaoyu Wang, Kang Zhou, Shenjian Ni, Xiaonin Lu, Bin Na*
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1795-1803, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015027
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable building materials and properties)
    Abstract Magnesite-bonded wood wool panel (MWWP) is an inorganic-bonded panel product in which wood excelsior is bonded with magnesite. Lowering the hygroscopicity is one of the key measures to improve the quality of the panel. In this study, moisture absorption mechanism of MWWP and measures generally applied to lower its hygroscopicity were reviewed. Three methods were then experimented to improve the dimensional stability of the panel, including adjusting the molar ratio of raw materials, adding additives and optimizing the conditioning process. The results showed that satisfying dimensional stability could be achieved when the molar ratio of MgO to MgCl2 was 5:1,… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Study on Improvement of Hygroscopicity of Magnesite-Bonded Wood Wool Panel

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Pore Structure Characteristics of Baking-Free Slag-Sludge Bricks and Its Correlations to Mechanical Properties

    Lei Guo1,2,3,4, Pingping Chen1, Lixia Guo1,2,3,*, Zhilong Xue4, Zi Guan1, Mingru Li1
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1805-1819, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015140
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable building materials and properties)
    Abstract In order to explore the relationship between the macroscopic properties and pore structure characteristics of baking-free slag-sludge bricks, the compressive strength and water absorption rate using aluminum industrial slag and sludge of different substitution rates were tested. Optical instruments and image analysis software were used to measure the parameters of the pore structure. Specifically, a fractal model was built based on the fractal theory, in which the fractal dimension was used as the characteristic index of the pore structure to analyze the correlation and interaction mechanism between the fractal dimension and the macroscopic mechanical properties. Based on this study, conclusions… More >

  • Open Access

    ERRATUM

    Erratum: Ancient Materials and Substitution Materials Used in Thai Historical Masonry Structure Preservation

    Natthanan Wonganan, Chainarong Athisakul*, Peerasit Mahasuwanchai, Weerachart Tangchirapat, Raktipong Sahamitmongkol, Sutat Leelataviwat
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1821-1821, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.017452
    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

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