Vol.9, No.6, 2021-Table of Contents

On the Cover


Black liquor, abundant waste from paper industry and sodium alginate, were employed as renewable precursors to prepare magnetically monolithic hierarchically porous carbons in a facile manner. The resulting monoliths possessed interconnected micro/macroporous structure, strong magnetic properties, high mechanical stability, and show good adsorption performance for removal of lead ions with good recyclability.

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  • Soy Protein Isolate Non-Isocyanates Polyurethanes (NIPU) Wood Adhesives
  • Abstract Soy-protein isolate (SPI) was used to prepare non-isocyanate polyurethane (NIPU) thermosetting adhesives for wood panels by reacting it with dimethyl carbonate (DMC) and hexamethylene diamine. Both linear as well as branched oligomers were obtained and identified, indicating how such oligomer structures could further cross-link to form a hardened network. Unusual structures were observed, namely carbamic acid-derived urethane linkages coupled with lactam structures. The curing of the adhesive was followed by thermomechanical analysis (TMA). It appeared to follow a two stages process: First, at a lower temperature (maximum 130°C), the growth of linear oligomers occurred, finally forming a physically entangled network.… More
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  • Healing Effect and Underlying Mechanism of Silver Nanoparticles Prepared Using Carboxymethyl Chitosan under Solar Irradiation
  • Abstract In our previous study, silver nanoparticles were prepared using AgNO3 and carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS) which is commercially available with solar irradiation. In this study, the efficacy and safety of silver nanoparticles prepared by this method were evaluated for healing wounds in rats with diabetes. We also attempted to determine the underlying mechanism and influencing factors of the silver nanomaterial preparation method. Compared with growth factors, silver nanoparticles exhibit better healing effects for rats with diabetes. No remnant silver ions were detected in the major organs of these rats after the application of silver nanoparticles. Silver nanoparticles prepared using CMCS are… More
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  • Hydrogenated Amorphous Carbon Films from Palmyra Sugar
  • Abstract A simple, highly reproducible, and environmentally friendly method is a considered approach in generating renewable energy materials. Here, hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C) films have been successfully prepared from palmyra liquid sugar, employing spin-coating and spraying methods. Compared with the former method, the latter shows a significance in producing a better homogeneity in particle size and film thickness. The obtained films have a thickness of approximately 1000 to 100 nm and contain an sp2 hexagonal structure (~70%) and sp3 tetrahedral configuration (~30%) of carbons. The introduction of boron (B) and nitrogen (N) as dopants has created the local structural modification of… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Hydrogenated Amorphous Carbon Films from Palmyra Sugar
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  • Extraction Hydrolysates from Larimichthys Polyactis Swim Bladder Using Enzymatic Hydrolysis
  • Abstract As a kind of biopolymer, hydrolysates of fish swim bladder, safer than those of land mammals, are widely used in food, cosmetics as well as pharmaceutical and biomedical fields for their biocompatibility, biodegradability, and weak antigenicity. To enhance hydrolysate production, in this paper, the papain and alcalase hydrolysis processes of larimichthys polyactis swim bladder were optimized with orthogonal experiments. With 89.5% hydrolysate yield, the optimal processing conditions for alcalase were solid-liquid ratio of 1:30, enzyme concentration of 0.7%, and extraction time of 6 h. As for papain, under the optimal processing conditions: solid-liquid ratio of 1:20, enzyme concentration of 0.5%,… More
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  • Experimental Study on the Mechanical Performance of Mortise-Tenon Joints Reinforced with Replaceable Flat-Steel Jackets
  • Abstract The mortise-tenon joint is an important hub transmitting and distributing external loads for load-bearing components (beams, columns et al.) in the ancient-timber frame structure system. However, the conventional steel hoop reinforcement methods often insert wood screws into the timber components. When the reinforced joint rotates greatly, the anchoring failure of the screws will cause damage to the timber joint. To solve this problem, this study proposes a detachable and replaceable non-destructive flat-steel jacket reinforcement method in which horizontal flat steel is placed in the center of the joint, and the bolt is extended to the outside of the timber beam.… More
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  • Nodes Effect on the Bending Performance of Laminated Bamboo Lumber Unit
  • Abstract This research studied the ultimate bearing capacity of laminated bamboo lumber (LBL) unit and thereby calculated the maximum bending moment. The load-displacement chart for all specimens was obtained. Then the flexural capacity of members with and without bamboo nodes in the middle section was coMPared. The bending experiment phenomenon of LBL unit was concluded. Different failure modes of bending components were analysed and concluded. Finally, the bending behaviour of LBL units is coMPared with other bamboo and timber products. It is shown that the average ultimate load of BS members is 866.1 N, the average flexural strength is 101 MPa,… More
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  • Effect of Ultraviolet Aging on the Bonding and Tensile Properties of Polymer-Cement Composite
  • Abstract In this paper, the specimens of polymer-cement composites after 1 d, 7 d, 15 d, and 30 d aging without aging and UV aging are subjected to fixed extension test and tensile test. By observing the mode of the composite in the fixed-elongation test, and measuring the elastic recovery rate, tensile strength, elongation at break, peak tensile strain, tensile toughness and pre-peak tensile toughness of the composite, the effects of UV aging on the bonding and the tensile properties of the composite were studied. And combining with scanning electron microscopy experiments, the micro-mechanism of the effect of ultraviolet aging on… More
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  • Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Flexural Behavior of Recycled Concrete Beams Reinforced with GFRP Bars
  • Abstract This paper experimentally investigated the flexural behavior of reinforced recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) beams reinforced with glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars. A total of twelve beams were built and tested up to failure under four-point bending. The main parameters were reinforcement ratio (0.38%, 0.60%, and 1.17%), recycled aggregate replacement ratio (R = 0, 50%, and 100%) and longitudinal reinforcement types (GFRP and steel). The flexural capacity, failure modes, flexibility deformation, reinforcement strains and crack distribution of the tested beams were investigated and compared with the calculation models of American code ACI 440.1-R-15, Canadian code CSA S806-12 and ISIS-M03-07. The tested… More
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