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Table of Content

Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years

Submission Deadline: 31 July 2024 Submit to Special Issue

Guest Editors

Prof. Antonio Pizzi, University of Lorraine, France
Antonio Pizzi, is full professor of industrial chemistry at the ENSTIB, University of Lorraine. Prof. Pizzi, who holds a Dr.Chem. (Polymers, Rome, Italy), a Ph.D.(Organic Chemistry, South Africa) and a D.Sc.(Wood Chemistry, South Africa), is the author of more than 1000 research and technical articles, patents, contract reports and international conference papers as well as 10 books on adhesion and adhesives published in New York. He is the recipient of numerous prestigious international prizes for new industrial developments in his fields of specialization such as, among others the Descartes Prize of the European Commission (UK), the Schweighofer Prize for Wood Research Innovation (Austria), the Gold Medal from the Academie de l'Agriculture de France (France) and the Wake Memorial Medal of the Society for Adhesion and Adhesives (UK). His best-known area of specialization is on wood and fiber glueing and wood adhesives chemistry, formulation and application, in particular in bioadhesives and their application to composite products based on natural materials.

Prof. George Zacharias Papageorgiou, University of Ioannina, Greece
George Z. Papageorgiou is an Associate Professor of Industrial Chemistry, University of Ioannina. He received his Diploma in Chemical Engineering from Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTh). He also holds an MSc (1998) and a Ph.D. (2002) in Polymer Science (AUTh). His current research focuses on polymers from renewable resources and biodegradable polymers. Polymer matrix nanocomposites, pharmaceutical technology, and thermal analysis are also among his research interests. He is the author and co-author of about 130 journal papers and book chapters. A large number of his publications deal with the synthesis, phase transitions, and crystallization of polyesters of 2, 5-furandicarboxylic acid and other polymers from monomers derived from biomass.

Prof. Krzysztof Pielichowski, Cracow University of Technology, Poland
Krzysztof Pielichowski is a full Professor and chair of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Polymers, Cracow University of Technology. He graduated from the Cracow University of Technology, and received his Ph.D. from AGH University of Science and Technology and D.Sc. from Warsaw University of Technology. His research interests are focused on polymer (nano) technology and chemistry, particularly in the areas of (bio) polymer nanocomposites with nanocrystalline cellulose and hybrid organic-inorganic materials. Special attention is dedicated to the assessment of (nano) composite materials impact on the environment at all stages: preparation, characterization and recycling. He is co-author (or editor) of eight books and over 120 papers with impact factor. He is member Committee of Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences and Commission of Technical Sciences of the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences, as well as recipient of Kosciuszko Foundation and Fulbright Foundation fellowships in the USA. He has served as a reviewer of a number of projects and research papers over the last decade and was supervisor of eleven Ph.D. thesis (completed) and four currently running.

Prof. Guanben Du, Southwest Forestry University, China
Dr. Du received his PhD from Nanjing Forestry University on Wood Science and Technology, 1998 in China. After that, he was appointed a full and chair professor at the College of Materials Science and Engineering in Southwest Forestry University, China. Prof. Du was elected a fellow in the International Academy of Wood Science, 2010; a dean at the College of Materials Science and Engineering, 2003; and vice president of Southwest Forestry University, 2007. Last 20 years Prof. Du focused on wood adhesives, wood composites and wood surface treatment. He published more than 300 peer-reviewed articles, 20 patents, and 10 books/chapters. He actively takes part in international and domestic conferences. He has been deeply involved in international collaboration, such as EU project, and Sino-French collaboration program, he is now working as director of the International Joint Research Center for Bio-Materials. Due to his great achievements, he holds many awards from his government and province. A few recent ones to be noted are “Hundred, Thousand, and Ten Thousand Talents, 2014”, and “Program for Leading Talents on Sci.-Tech., 2017” for his innovation and contribution to forest product industry. Other important awards are the second prize of National Science-Technology Progress Award, the prize of provincial outstanding scientist, Ho Leung Ho Lee Foundation Science and Technology Award, the National Award for Excellence in Innovation, and Yunnan Science and Technology Outstanding Contribution Award.

Prof. Jin Zhu, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, CAS, China
Jin Zhu is a Professor of Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Prof. Zhu got his Ph.D. from Marquette University in 2001 and did postdoctoral research at Cornell University from 2001 to 2003. He worked at several US companies before he returned China in 2009. His major research interests are bio-based polymers, nanocomposites and flame retardancy. Currently, he spends more efforts on bio-based polyesters, bio-based thermosetting polymers, biocomposites and bio-based polymer additives. He has published more than 300 research papers and 160 patents granted. The papers are cited more than 16000 from Google Scholar. Five technologies have been successfully transferred to companies and commercialized, which include Soybean based wood adhesives, Polylactic acid foaming materials, Herb-plastic composites (invented and named), Transparent copolyesters with high Tg and Furandicarboxylic acid based polyesters. Total fund from government and industry is more than RMB 100 million.

Prof. Xuming Xie, Tsinghua University, China
Xuming Xie graduated with B. Eng from Shinshu University, Japan in 1985. He received his M.Sc. and Ph.D. in Dept. of Organic and Polymeric Materials, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan in 1987 and 1990, respectively. From 1990 to 1992, he worked as a research scientist at Kawasaki Plastics Laboratory, Showa Denko, Ltd. (Japan). He has worked at Tsinghua University since 1992, and has been a full Professor since 1999. He is interested in areas such as 1) Structure control and properties of multiphase polymer systems 2) Recycling and renewable of waste plastics 3) Polymer grafting and modification 4) Modification and assembly of nanomaterials and their nanocomposites 5) Super tough and highly stretchable hydrogels 6) Confined crystallization and phase separation of polymer systems. He was awarded JSPS Visiting Professor Fellowship in 1999 and Georgy. T. Piercy Distinguished Visiting Professor award from Dept. of Chemical Engineering & Materials, University of Minnesota (USA) in 2002. He was also invited as a visiting Professor in Chuo University, Japan in 2005. In 2007 and 2018 he obtained the “Feng Xinde Polymer Prize” respectively from ELSEVIER. He has published more than 250 papers in peer-reviewed journals. He also holds 28 Chinese, European and/or US patents which have been approved or disclosed.

Prof. Chaoqun Zhang, South China Agricultural University, China
Chaoqun Zhang is a full Professor of College of Materials and Energy, South China Agricultural University (China). Prof. Zhang received his Ph.D. degree in Materials Science and Engineering in 2014 from Iowa State University, USA. Following his Ph.D., he served as a postdoctoral researcher at the Center for Sustainable Polymers at University of Minnesota from 2014 to 2015 and at Texas A&M University from 2015 to 2016 before he returned to China. His research interests are focused on vegetable oil based waterborne polyurethanes, plant polyphenol based epoxy resins and carbohydrate-based functional hydrogels. He has published more than 50 research papers in peer-reviewed journals and has filed more than 10 patents. He has edited a book under the title of “Bio-based Plant Oil Polymers and Composites” 2016, Elsevier. He is the recipient of National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (2022), Distinguished Young Scholars Award of Guangdong Province (2018), and Pearl River Talent Plan (2018).

Summary

The Journal of Renewable Materials (JRM) is born ten years ago, and 10 years for a new journal is a date to celebrate. This is the reason why such Special Issue has been created, both to celebrate past achievements but mainly to look confidently to the future achievements which will not fail to come. These past 10 years have been rich of growth in several fields of both Materials Science and Environmental Science for our journal and they have seen the growth of the journal to increase incredibly with a variety of renewable and recyclable materials and their applications being addressed and published. The variety of materials and applications has been really incredible, attesting for the present day liveliness of the “renewables” field. The JRM has then grown and continues growing both in citations to the research work presented in it, confirming its importance in its chosen “Renewables” area, as well as growing in reputation within the scientific community it serves.

 

The reason for launching such a wide-ranging Special Issue is to encourage all scientists involved in renewable materials to have a showcase for the multitude of different aspects of renewable materials, namely renewable biomaterials of any kind used for:

 

1. Biomaterials for construction

2. High–tech biomaterials of any kind

3. Biomaterials for pharmaceutical/medical applications

4. Biocomposites and biofibres of any kind

5. Bioadhesives, bioresins, biopolymers and bioplastics

6. Electronics from renewable biomaterials

7. Biomaterials substitutes for any synthetic material in any application

8. Chemicals from renewable biomaterials

9. Recyclables from renewables

 

And so many other areas, the list being so long that is almost impossible to define the multitude of fields which are of interest for this issue. Dear colleagues and friends, let’s go for it, let’s make this a memorable special issue to showcase all what renewable can do.



Published Papers


  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Isolation and Characterization of Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) from Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) Bast through the Chemo-Mechanical Process

    Rudi Dungani, Mohammad Irfan Bakshi, Tsabita Zahra Hanifa, Mustika Dewi, Firda A. Syamani, Melbi Mahardika, Widya Fatriasari
    Journal of Renewable Materials, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.049342
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract The present work emphasizes the isolation of cellulose nanofiber (CNF) from the kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) bast through a chemo-mechanical process. In order to develop high CNF yield with superior properties of CNF for improving compatibility in varied applications this method is proposed. The fiber purification involved pulping and bleaching treatments, whereas mechanical treatment was performed by grinding and high-pressure treatments. The kraft pulping as a delignification method followed by bleaching has successfully removed almost 99% lignin in the fiber with high pulp yield and delignification selectivity. The morphology of the fibers was characterized by scanning electron More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Isolation and Characterization of Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) from Kenaf <i>(Hibiscus cannabinus)</i> Bast through the Chemo-Mechanical Process

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Adsorption of Malachite Green Using Activated Carbon from Mangosteen Peel: Optimization Using Box-Behnken Design

    Nabila Eka Yuningsih, Latifa Ariani, Suprapto Suprapto, Ita Ulfin, Harmami Harmami, Hendro Juwono, Yatim Lailun Ni’mah
    Journal of Renewable Materials, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.049109
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract In this research, activated carbon from mangosteen peel has been synthesized using sulfuric acid as an activator. The adsorption performance of the activated carbon was optimized using malachite green dye as absorbate. Malachite green dye waste is a toxic and non-biodegradable material that damages the environment. Optimization of adsorption processes was carried out using Response Surface Methodology (RSM) with a Box-Behnken Design (BBD). The synthesized activated carbon was characterized using FTIR and SEM instruments. The FTIR spectra confirmed the presence of a sulfonate group (-SO3H) in the activated carbon, indicating that the activation process using sulfuric… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Simple and High-Yield Synthesis of a Thinner Layer of Graphenic Carbon from Coconut Shells

    Retno Asih, Haniffudin Nurdiansah, Mochamad Zainuri, Deni S. Khaerudini, Angelinus T. Setiawan, A. Y. Dias, Pudji Untoro, Ahmad Sholih, Darminto
    Journal of Renewable Materials, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.049097
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract Biomass has become of recent interest as a raw material for ‘green’ graphenic carbon (GC) since it promotes an environmentally friendly approach. Here, we investigate a single pyrolysis route to synthesize GC from coconut shells which provides a simple method and can produce a high yield, thus being convenient for large-scale production. The pyrolysis involves a stepped holding process at 350°C for 1 h and at 650°C or 900°C for 3 h. The GC sample resulted at the 900°C pyrolysis has a thinner sheet, a less porous structure, a higher C/O ratio, and an enhanced More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Simple and High-Yield Synthesis of a Thinner Layer of Graphenic Carbon from Coconut Shells

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Bio-PCM Panels Composed of Renewable Materials Interact with Solar Heating Systems for Building Thermal Insulation

    Yosr Laatiri, Habib Sammouda, Fadhel Aloulou
    Journal of Renewable Materials, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.047022
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract This article aims to present the feasibility of storing thermal energy in buildings for solar water heating while maintaining the comfort environment for residential buildings. Our contribution is the creation of insulating composite panels made of bio-based phase change materials (bio-PCM is all from coconut oil), cement and renewable materials (treated wood fiber and organic clay). The inclusion of wood fibers improved the thermal properties; a simple 2% increase of wood fiber decreased the heat conductivity by approximately 23.42%. The issues of bio-PCM leakage in the cement mortar and a roughly 56.5% reduction in thermal… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Bio-PCM Panels Composed of Renewable Materials Interact with Solar Heating Systems for Building Thermal Insulation

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Application of Plant-Based Coagulants and Their Mechanisms in Water Treatment: A Review

    Abderrezzaq Benalia, Kerroum Derbal, Zahra Amrouci, Ouiem Baatache, Amel Khalfaoui, Antonio Pizzi
    Journal of Renewable Materials, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.048306
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract This review describes the mechanisms of natural coagulants. It provides a good understanding of the two key processes of coagulation-flocculation: adsorption and charge neutralization, as well as adsorption and bridging. Various factors have influence the coagulation/flocculation process, including the effect of pH, coagulant dosage, coagulant type, temperature, initial turbidity, coagulation speed, flocculation speed, coagulation and flocculation time, settling time, colloidal particles, zeta potential, the effects of humic acids, and extraction density are explained. The bio-coagulants derived from plants are outlined. The impact of organic coagulants on water quality, focusing on their effects on the physicochemical… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Application of Plant-Based Coagulants and Their Mechanisms in Water Treatment: A Review

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Wood By-Products as UV Protection: A Consequence Review

    Naglaa Salem El‑Sayed, Mohamed Hasanin, Samir Kamel
    Journal of Renewable Materials, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.049118
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract

    In recent decades, the ozone layer has suffered considerable damage, increasing the entry of ultraviolet (UV) light into the atmosphere and reaching the earth’s surface, negatively affecting life. Accordingly, researchers aimed to solve this problem by synthesizing advanced UV-shielding materials. On the other hand, developing an easy and green strategy to prepare functional materials without standing properties based on naturally abundant and environmentally friendly raw materials is highly desirable for sustainable development. Because biomass-derived materials are sustainable and biodegradable, they present a promising substitute for petroleum-based polymers. The three main structural constituents of the plant biomass-based

    More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Wood By-Products as UV Protection: A Consequence Review

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Renewable Polymers in Biomedical Applications: From the Bench to the Market

    Rauany Cristina Lopes, Tamires Nossa, Wilton Rogério Lustri, Gabriel Lombardo, Maria Inés Errea, Eliane Trovatti
    Journal of Renewable Materials, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.048957
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract Polymers from renewable resources have been used for a long time in biomedical applications and found an irreplaceable role in some of them. Their uses have been increasing because of their attractive properties, contributing to the improvement of life quality, mainly in drug release systems and in regenerative medicine. Formulations using natural polymer, nano and microscale particles preparation, composites, blends and chemical modification strategies have been used to improve their properties for clinical application. Although many studies have been carried out with these natural polymers, the way to reach the market is long and only More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification of Secondary Metabolites in Tunisian Tilia platyphyllos Scop. using MALDI-TOF and GC-MS

    Ayda Khadhri, Mohamed Mendili, Marwa Bannour-Scharinger, Eric Masson, Antonio Pizzi
    Journal of Renewable Materials, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.046950
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract This study is the first to evaluate the phytochemical content and biological properties of Tunisian T. platyphyllos Scop. A total of 23 compounds of essential oils were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of bracts and fruit extracts. The results show that oxygenated monoterpenes were the dominant class of essential oils. The phenolic composition was investigated by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF). The analysis showed that the chemical profiles of the ethanolic extracts of bracts and fruits are substantially similar. The highest polyphenol content was found in the ethanolic extracts of the fruits (7.65… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Identification of Secondary Metabolites in Tunisian <i>Tilia platyphyllos</i> Scop. using MALDI-TOF and GC-MS

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time of Flight (MALDI-TOF)-Mass Spectrometry and 13C-NMR-Identified New Compounds in Paraberlinia bifoliolata (Ekop-Beli) Bark Tannins

    Liliane Nga, Benoit Ndiwe, Achille Bernard Biwolé, Antonio Pizzi, Jean Jalin Eyinga Biwole, Joseph Zobo Mfomo
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.3, pp. 553-568, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.046568
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract Extracts of plant origin, particularly tannins, are attracting growing interest for the sustainable development of materials in the industrial sector. The discovery of new tannins is therefore necessary. The aim of this work was to contribute to the understanding of the properties of Paraberlinia bifoliolata tannin by Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectroscopy MALDI-TOF/MS and Carbon 13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (13C NMR). The chemical composition of tannin extracted from Paraberlinia bifoliolata bark was determined, as was the mechanical strength of the resin hardened with Acacia nilotica extracts. Yield by successive water extraction was 35%. MALDI-TOF/MS… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Influence of Tartaric Acid in the Silver Nanoparticle Synthesis Using Response Surface Methodology

    Yatim Lailun Ni’mah, Afaf Baktir, Dewi Santosaningsih, Suprapto Suprapto
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.2, pp. 245-258, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.045514
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized using tartaric acid as a capping agent have a great impact on the reaction kinetics and contribute significantly to the stability of AgNPs. The protective layer formed by tartaric acid is an important factor that protects the silver surface and reduces potential cytotoxicity problems. These attributes are critical for assessing the compatibility of AgNPs with biological systems and making them suitable for drug delivery applications. The aim of this research is to conduct a comprehensive study of the effect of tartaric acid concentration, sonication time and temperature on the formation of… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    The Influence of Tartaric Acid in the Silver Nanoparticle Synthesis Using Response Surface Methodology

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimizing Household Wastes (Rice, Vegetables, and Fruit) as an Environmentally Friendly Electricity Generator

    Deni Ainur Rokhim, Isma Yanti Vitarisma, Sumari Sumari, Yudhi Utomo, Muhammad Roy Asrori
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.2, pp. 275-284, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.043419
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract The high consumption of electricity and issues related to fossil energy have triggered an increase in energy prices and the scarcity of fossil resources. Consequently, many researchers are seeking alternative energy sources. One potential technology, the Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) based on rice, vegetable, and fruit wastes, can convert chemical energy into electrical energy. This study aims to determine the potency of rice, vegetable, and fruit waste assisted by Cu/Mg electrodes as a generator of electricity. The method used was a laboratory experiment, including the following steps: electrode preparation, waste sample preparation, incubation of the… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    The Application of Solid Waste in Thermal Insulation Materials: A Review

    Ming Liu, Pinghua Zhu, Xiancui Yan, Haichao Li, Xintong Chen
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.2, pp. 329-347, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.045381
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract As socioeconomic development continues, the issue of building energy consumption has attracted significant attention, and improving the thermal insulation performance of buildings has become a crucial strategic measure. Simultaneously, the application of solid waste in insulation materials has also become a hot topic. This paper reviews the sources and classifications of solid waste, focusing on research progress in its application as insulation materials in the domains of daily life, agriculture, and industry. The research shows that incorporating household solid waste materials, such as waste glass, paper, and clothing scraps into cementitious thermal insulation can significantly… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Advanced Thermochemical Conversion Approaches for Green Hydrogen Production from Crop Residues

    Omojola Awogbemi, Ayotunde Adigun Ojo, Samson Adedayo Adeleye
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.1, pp. 1-28, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.045822
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract The huge volumes of crop residues generated during the production, processing, and consumption of farm products constitute an ecological nuisance when ineffectively managed. The conversion of crop residues to green hydrogen is one of the sustainable management strategies for ubiquitous crop residues. Production of green hydrogen from crop residue sources will contribute to deepening access to clean and affordable energy, mitigating climate change, and ensuring environmental sustainability. However, the deployment of conventional thermochemical technologies for the conversion of crop residues to green hydrogen is costly, requires long residence time, produces low-quality products, and therefore needs… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Silica Gel from Chemical Glass Bottle Waste as Adsorbent for Methylene Blue: Optimization Using BBD

    Suprapto Suprapto, Putri Augista Nur Azizah, Yatim Lailun Ni’mah
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.12, pp. 4007-4023, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.031210
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract This research focuses on the effective removal of methylene blue dye using silica gel synthesized from chemical glass bottle waste as an environmentally friendly and cost-effective adsorbent. The adsorption process was optimized using Box-Behnken Design (BBD) and Response Surface Methodology (RSM) to investigate the influence of pH (6; 8 and 10), contact time (15; 30 and 45 min), adsorbent mass (30; 50 and 70 mg), and initial concentration (20; 50 and 80 mg/L) of the adsorbate on the adsorption efficiency. The BBD was conducted using Google Colaboratory software, which encompassed 27 experiments with randomly assigned… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Silica Gel from Chemical Glass Bottle Waste as Adsorbent for Methylene Blue: Optimization Using BBD

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Water Absorption Capacity and Coating Adhesion on Thermally Modified and Not-Modified Spruce Wood (Blue Stained or Free of Blue Stained)

    Demiao Chu, Redžo Hasanagić, Leila Fathi, Mohsen Bahmani, Miha Humar
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.12, pp. 4061-4078, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.043657
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)
    Abstract This study aimed to investigate the water absorption capacity of thermally modified and non-modified spruce and blue-stained spruce wood. The wettability of wood depends on various factors, including its type, density, porosity, and surface treatment. Wood can swell and become distorted when exposed to water or humidity, impacting its structural integrity. Hence, it is crucial to consider the water and water vapour uptake in the wood when choosing materials for applications that are likely to be exposed to moisture. Various moisture absorption tests were conducted to assess water absorption capacity, including short-term and long-term water… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Water Absorption Capacity and Coating Adhesion on Thermally Modified and Not-Modified Spruce Wood (Blue Stained or Free of Blue Stained)

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