Open Access iconOpen Access

REVIEW

crossmark

Application of Plant-Based Coagulants and Their Mechanisms in Water Treatment: A Review

Abderrezzaq Benalia1,2,*, Kerroum Derbal2, Zahra Amrouci2,3, Ouiem Baatache2, Amel Khalfaoui4, Antonio Pizzi5,*

1 Higher Normal School of Constantine, Ali Mendjeli Nouvelle Ville, Constantine, 25000, Algeria
2 Laboratory of Process Engineering for Sustainable Development and Health Products (GPDDPS), Department of Process Engineering, National Polytechnic School of Constantine, Constantine, 25000, Algeria
3 Department of Environmental Engineering, Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Médicament et le Développement Durable (ReMeDD), University of Salah Boubnider Constantine 3, El Khroub, 25012, Algeria
4 Laboratory LIPE, Faculty Process Engineering, University of Constantine 3, Ali Mendjeli Nouvelle Ville, Constantine, 25000, Algeria
5 Laboratoire d’Etude et Recherche sur le Matériau Bois (LERMAB). Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Technologies et Industries du Bois (ENSTIB)—University of Lorraine, Epinal, 88000, France

* Corresponding Authors: Abderrezzaq Benalia. Email: email; Antonio Pizzi. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2024, 12(4), 667-698. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.048306

Abstract

This review describes the mechanisms of natural coagulants. It provides a good understanding of the two key processes of coagulation-flocculation: adsorption and charge neutralization, as well as adsorption and bridging. Various factors have influence the coagulation/flocculation process, including the effect of pH, coagulant dosage, coagulant type, temperature, initial turbidity, coagulation speed, flocculation speed, coagulation and flocculation time, settling time, colloidal particles, zeta potential, the effects of humic acids, and extraction density are explained. The bio-coagulants derived from plants are outlined. The impact of organic coagulants on water quality, focusing on their effects on the physicochemical parameters of water, heavy metals removal, and bacteriological water quality, is examined. The methods of extraction and purification of plant-based coagulants, highlighting techniques such as solvent extraction and ultrasonic extraction, are discussed. It also examines the parameters that influence these processes. The methods and principles of purification of coagulating agents, including dialysis, freeze-drying, ion exchange, electrophoresis, filtration, and centrifugation, are listed. Finally, it evaluates the sustainability of natural coagulants, focusing on the environmental, technical, and economic aspects of their use. At the end of this review, the readers should have a comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms, selection, extraction, purification, and sustainability of plant-based natural coagulants in water treatment.

Graphical Abstract

Application of Plant-Based Coagulants and Their Mechanisms in Water Treatment: A Review

Keywords


Cite This Article

APA Style
Benalia, A., Derbal, K., Amrouci, Z., Baatache, O., Khalfaoui, A. et al. (2024). Application of plant-based coagulants and their mechanisms in water treatment: A review. Journal of Renewable Materials, 12(4), 667-698. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.048306
Vancouver Style
Benalia A, Derbal K, Amrouci Z, Baatache O, Khalfaoui A, Pizzi A. Application of plant-based coagulants and their mechanisms in water treatment: A review. J Renew Mater. 2024;12(4):667-698 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.048306
IEEE Style
A. Benalia, K. Derbal, Z. Amrouci, O. Baatache, A. Khalfaoui, and A. Pizzi "Application of Plant-Based Coagulants and Their Mechanisms in Water Treatment: A Review," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 667-698. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.048306



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1164

    View

  • 295

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link