Open Access

REVIEW

Valorization of Aloe barbadensis Miller. (Aloe vera) Processing Waste

Jeltzlin Semerel1, Nigel John1, Wim Dehaen2, Pedro Fardim3,*
1 SISSTEM Program, Faculty of Arts and Science, University of Aruba, Oranjestad, Aruba
2 Department of Chemistry, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
3 Department of Chemical Engineering, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
* Corresponding Author: Pedro Fardim. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable Material from Agricultural Waste and By-Product and Its Applications)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(3), 1031-1061. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.023449

Received 26 April 2022; Accepted 23 June 2022; Issue published 31 October 2022

Abstract

Aloe vera plant is known worldwide for its medicinal properties and application in gel-based products such as shampoo, soap, and sunscreen. However, the demand for these gel-based products has led to a surplus production of Aloe vera processing waste. An Aloe vera gel processing facility could generate up to 4000 kg of Aloe vera waste per month. Currently the Aloe vera waste is being disposed to the landfill or used as fertilizer. A sustainable management system for the Aloe vera processing waste should be considered, due to the negative societal and environmental impacts of the currents waste disposal methods. Therefore, this review focuses on various approaches that can be used to valorize Aloe vera waste into value-added products, such as animal and aquaculture feeds, biosorbents, biofuel and natural polymers. Researchers have reported Aloe vera waste for environmental applications biosorbents used for wastewater treatment of various pollutants. Several studies have also reported on the valorization of Aloe vera waste for production of biofuels such as bioethanol, mixed alcohol fuels, biogas and syngas. Aloe vera waste could also be valorized through isolation and synthesis of natural polymers for application in wound dressing, tissue engineering and drug delivery systems. Aloe vera waste valorization was also reviewed through extraction of value-added bioactive compounds such as aloe-emodin, aloin and aloeresin. These value-added bioactive compounds have various applications in the cosmetics (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory, tyrosinase inhibitors) and pharmaceutical (anticancer agent and COVID 19 inhibitors) industry.

Graphical Abstract

Valorization of <i>Aloe barbadensis</i> Miller. (<i>Aloe vera</i>) Processing Waste

Keywords

Aloe vera; waste processing; biomass conversion; anthraquinone; aloe-emodin;aloin; aloeresin

Cite This Article

Semerel, J., John, N., Dehaen, W., Fardim, P. (2023). Valorization of Aloe barbadensis Miller. (Aloe vera) Processing Waste. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(3), 1031–1061.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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