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Water Absorption Capacity and Coating Adhesion on Thermally Modified and Not-Modified Spruce Wood (Blue Stained or Free of Blue Stained)

Demiao Chu1, Redžo Hasanagić2, Leila Fathi3, Mohsen Bahmani3,*, Miha Humar4

1 Key Lab of State Forest and Grassland Administration on “Wood Quality Improvement & High Efficient Utilization”, School of Forestry & Landscape Architecture, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, 230036, China
2 Faculty of Technical Engineering, Department of Wood Science and Technology, University of Bihać, Bihać, 7700, Bosnia and Herzegovina
3 Department of Natural Resources and Earth Science, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, 64165478, Iran
4 Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Wood Science, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, 1501, Slovenia

* Corresponding Author: Mohsen Bahmani. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Special Issue in Celebration of JRM 10 Years)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(12), 4061-4078. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.043657

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the water absorption capacity of thermally modified and non-modified spruce and blue-stained spruce wood. The wettability of wood depends on various factors, including its type, density, porosity, and surface treatment. Wood can swell and become distorted when exposed to water or humidity, impacting its structural integrity. Hence, it is crucial to consider the water and water vapour uptake in the wood when choosing materials for applications that are likely to be exposed to moisture. Various moisture absorption tests were conducted to assess water absorption capacity, including short-term and long-term water absorption and water vapour absorption. The results showed a significant difference in the long-term exposure to water, which was related to the density of the wood. The study examined the influence of thermal treatment on the physical properties of wood and observed significant variations in mass change due to coating, indicating differences in adhesion among different wood types. Vacuum-treated blue-stained Norway spruce demonstrated higher adhesion (5%–15%) compared to air-treated samples. Furthermore, cohesion tests revealed lower cohesion force in blue-stained Norway spruce (approximately 20%–30%) compared to Norway spruce. The study also used industry-standard tests to investigate the adhesion and cohesion of nano-coatings on wood surfaces. The results provided valuable information on the properties of coatings applied to wood, which is vital in protecting and decorating wood while also providing preventive protection against wood pests, weathering, and mechanical influences. Wood modification in vacuum involves subjecting the wood to a low-pressure environment to remove air and moisture, allowing for deeper and more uniform penetration of treatment chemicals. In contrast, wood modification in air relies on the natural circulation of air to facilitate the absorption of chemical treatments, without the need for a vacuum chamber.

Graphical Abstract

Water Absorption Capacity and Coating Adhesion on Thermally Modified and Not-Modified Spruce Wood (Blue Stained or Free of Blue Stained)

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Chu, D., Hasanagić, R., Fathi, L., Bahmani, M., Humar, M. (2023). Water absorption capacity and coating adhesion on thermally modified and not-modified spruce wood (blue stained or free of blue stained). Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(12), 4061-4078. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.043657
Vancouver Style
Chu D, Hasanagić R, Fathi L, Bahmani M, Humar M. Water absorption capacity and coating adhesion on thermally modified and not-modified spruce wood (blue stained or free of blue stained). J Renew Mater. 2023;11(12):4061-4078 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.043657
IEEE Style
D. Chu, R. Hasanagić, L. Fathi, M. Bahmani, and M. Humar "Water Absorption Capacity and Coating Adhesion on Thermally Modified and Not-Modified Spruce Wood (Blue Stained or Free of Blue Stained)," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 4061-4078. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.043657



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