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Research on Infrared Emissivity and Laser Reflectivity of Sn1−xErxO2 Micro/Nanofibers Based on First-Principles

Yuanjia Xia, Fang Zhao*, Zhizun Li, Zhaogang Cheng, Jianwei Hu
Shijiazhuang Campus, Army Engineering University of PLA, Shijiazhuang, 050003, China
* Corresponding Author: Fang Zhao. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Natural Fibre Composites: Design, Materials Selection and Fabrication)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(2), 921-936.

Received 28 March 2022; Accepted 06 May 2022; Issue published 22 September 2022


Sn1−xErxO2 (x = 0%, 8%, 16%, 24%) micro/nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning combined with heat treatment using erbium nitrate, stannous chloride and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as raw materials. The target products were characterized by thermogravimetric analyzer, X-ray diffrotometer, fourier transform infrared spectrometer, scanning electron microscope, spectrophotometer and infrared emissivity tester, and the effects of Er3+ doping on its infrared and laser emissivity were studied. At the same time, the Sn1−xErxO2 (x = 0%, 16%) doping models were constructed based on the first principles of density functional theory, and the related optoelectronic properties such as their energy band structure, density of states, reflectivity and dielectric constant were analyzed, and further explained the mechanism of Er3+ doping on SnO2 infrared emissivity and laser absorption from the point of electronic structure. The results showed that after calcination at 600°C, single rutile type SnO2 was formed, and the crystal structure was not changed by doping Er3+. The calcined products showed good fiber morphology, and the average fiber diameter was 402 nm. The infrared emissivity and resistivity of the samples both decreased first and then increased with the increase of Er3+ doping amount. When x = 16%, the infrared emissivity of the sample was at least 0.71; and Er3+ doping can effectively reduce the reflectivity of SnO2 at 1.06 μm and 1.55 μm, when x = 16%, its reflectivity at 1.06 μm and 1.55 μm are 50.5% and 40%, respectively, when x = 24%, the reflectivity at 1.06 μm and 1.55 μm wavelengths are 47.3% and 42.1%, respectively. At the same time, the change of carrier concentration and electron transition before and after Er3+ doping were described by firstprinciple calculation, and the regulation mechanism of infrared emissivity and laser reflectivity was explained. This study provides a certain experimental and theoretical basis for the development of a single-type, light-weight and easily prepared infrared and laser compatible-stealth material.


Micro/nano fibers; Er3+ doping; SnO2; laser and infrared compatible stealth material

Cite This Article

Xia, Y., Zhao, F., Li, Z., Cheng, Z., Hu, J. (2023). Research on Infrared Emissivity and Laser Reflectivity of Sn1−xErxO2 Micro/Nanofibers Based on First-Principles. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(2), 921–936.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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