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OpenSees Three-Dimensional Computational Modeling of Ground-Structure Systems and Liquefaction Scenarios

Zhijian Qiu1, Jinchi Lu1, Ahmed Elgamal1,*, Lei Su2, Ning Wang3, Abdullah Almutairi1

Department of Structural Engineering, UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0085, USA.
School of Civil Engineering, Qingdao University of Technology, Qingdao, 266033, China.
Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing, 100081, China.

*Corresponding Author: Ahmed Elgamal. Email: .

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in OpenSees Applications to Civil Engineering)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2019, 120(3), 629-656.


The OpenSees computational platform has allowed unprecedented opportunities for conducting seismic nonlinear soil-structure interaction simulations. On the geotechnical side, capabilities such as coupled solid-fluid formulations and nonlinear incremental-plasticity approaches allow for representation of the involved dynamic/seismic responses. This paper presents recent research that facilitated such endeavors in terms of response of ground-foundation-structure systems using advanced material modeling techniques and high-performance computing resources. Representative numerical results are shown for large-scale soil-structure systems, and ground modification liquefaction countermeasures. In addition, graphical user interface enabling tools for routine usage of such 3D simulation environments are presented, as an important element in support of wider adoption and practical applications. In this context, Performance-Based Earthquake Engineering (PBEE) analysis of bridge-ground systems is highlighted as an important topical application


Cite This Article

Qiu, Z., Lu, J., Elgamal, A., Su, L., Wang, N. et al. (2019). OpenSees Three-Dimensional Computational Modeling of Ground-Structure Systems and Liquefaction Scenarios. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 120(3), 629–656.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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