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Observability Analysis in Parameters Estimation of an Uncooperative Space Target

Xianghao Hou1, *, Gang Qiao1

1 Acoustic Science and Technology Laboratory and College of Underwater Acoustic Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, 150001, China.

* Corresponding Author: Xianghao Hou. Email: .

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Nonlinear Computational and Control Methods in Aerospace Engineering)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2020, 122(1), 175-205.


To study the parameter estimating effects of a free-floating tumbling space target, the extended Kalman filter (EKF) scheme is utilized with different high-nonlinear translational and rotational coupled kinematic & dynamic models on the LIDAR measurements. Applying the aforementioned models and measurements results in the situation where one single state can be estimated differently with varying accuracies since the EKFs based on different models have different observabilities. In the proposed EKFs, the traditional quaternions based kinematics and dynamics and the dual vector quaternions (DVQ) based kinematics and dynamics are used for the modeling of the relative motions between a chaser satellite and an uncooperative target. In the non-contact estimating scenarios, only highly nonlinear relative attitude and range measurements: the grapple fixture on the target measured from the chaser satellite via vision-based sensors, can be used. By evaluating the results of the EKFs, the observability properties of each EKF are studied analytically and numerically with the the Observability Gramian matrices (OG) and the standard deviations for every estimated parameters. The analysis of observability perform intensive studies and reveal the intrinsic factors that affect the accuracy and stability of the parameters estimation of an uncooperative space target. Finally, the analytical and numerical results show the optimal composition of the kinematic & dynamic models and measurements.


Cite This Article

Hou, X., Qiao, G. (2020). Observability Analysis in Parameters Estimation of an Uncooperative Space Target. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 122(1), 175–205.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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