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A New Method of Roughness Construction and Analysis of Construct Parameters

Hui Lu, Xinyue Duan, Minghai Xu*, Liang Gong, Bin Ding
College of New Energy, China University of Petroleum (East China), Qingdao, 266580, China
* Corresponding Author: Minghai Xu. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in Modeling and Simulation of Complex Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2020, 123(3), 1193-1204.

Received 31 October 2019; Accepted 03 January 2020; Issue published 28 May 2020


In micro-manufacturing, roughness is unavoidable due to the tolerance of micro-machining methods. Roughness in microchannel could have a significant influence on flow and heat transfer since the size of microchannel is very small. In our work, roughness is modeled as a superposition of waves. A simple Fourier series method is proposed to construct the rough surface. With this method, roughness is constructed on the bottom of the rectangular microchannel which has a hydraulic diameter of 0.5 mm. Two important parameters during roughness construction, triangulate size and correlation length are studied under the same relative roughness 1%. Results show that flow and heat transfer characteristics are not sensitive to triangulate size. While triangulate size is changing from 0.1 mm to 0.05 mm, the variations of pressure drop and average Nusselt number are less than 1%. Correlation length could influence the topography of roughness surface a lot, smaller correlation length will lead to more pressure drop and lower Nusselt number.


Numerical simulation; nano/micro; electronic cooling; surface roughness

Cite This Article

Lu, H., Duan, X., Xu, M., Gong, L., Ding, B. (2020). A New Method of Roughness Construction and Analysis of Construct Parameters. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 123(3), 1193–1204.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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