Vol.126, No.2, 2021, pp.443-455, doi:10.32604/cmes.2021.013179
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Shear Induced Seepage and Heat Transfer Evolution in a Single-Fractured Hot-Dry-Rock
  • Hongwei Zhang1,2, Zhijun Wan3, Yixin Zhao1,2, Yuan Zhang3, Yulong Chen2,*, Junhui Wang3,*, Jingyi Cheng3
1 Beijing Key Laboratory for Precise Mining of Intergrown Energy and Resources, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing, 100083, China
2 School of Energy and Mining Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing, 100083, China
3 Key Laboratory of Deep Coal Resource Mining (CUMT), Ministry of Education of China, School of Mines, China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou, 221116, China
* Corresponding Authors: Yulong Chen. Email: ; Junhui Wang. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Modeling and Simulation of Fluid flows in Fractured Porous Media: Current Trends and Prospects)
Received 28 July 2020; Accepted 11 September 2020; Issue published 21 January 2021
Abstract
In the enhanced geothermal system (EGS), the injected fluid will induce shear sliding of rock fractures (i.e., hydroshearing), which consequently, would increase the fracture aperture and improve the heat transfer efficiency of the geothermal reservoir. In this study, theoretical analysis, experimental research and numerical simulation were performed to uncover the permeability and heat transfer enhancement mechanism of the Hot-Dry-Rock (HDR) mass under the impact of shearing. By conducting the direct shear test with the fractured rock samples, the evolution process of fracture aperture during the shearing tests was observed, during which process, cubic law was adopted to depict the rock fracture permeability. To investigate the seepage characteristics and temperature distribution of the fractured HDR under the influence of shearing, a simulation study of shear-seepage-heat transfer in a fractured rock mass has been conducted to validate the observed shear-induced fracture dilation during the direct shear test. The results demonstrate that (1) the hydroshearing increases the dilation of granite fracture and enhances the permeability of the HDR rock mass, while the temperature around the HDR fracture will reduce. (2) Fracture roughness is of vital importance to enhance the permeability during the shearing tests. To be more specific, a rougher fracture always implies a higher permeability and a greater heat extraction efficiency. (3) The shear induced heat extracting efficiency is dominated by the increased fluid flux in the earlier period of the EGS reservoir, and this efficiency is controlled by the outlet water temperature since the fluid flux becomes stable after the shearing test. Therefore, balancing the hydroshearing enhanced heat extraction efficiency and EGS reservoir lifespan would be significant to the sustainable development and utilization of geothermal energy
Keywords
Geothermal energy; EGS reservoir; direct shear test; permeability; HDR
Cite This Article
Zhang, H., Wan, Z., Zhao, Y., Zhang, Y., Chen, Y. et al. (2021). Shear Induced Seepage and Heat Transfer Evolution in a Single-Fractured Hot-Dry-Rock. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 126(2), 443–455.
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