Vol.132, No.3, 2022, pp.845-863, doi:10.32604/cmes.2022.019085
An Automated Detection Approach of Protective Equipment Donning for Medical Staff under COVID-19 Using Deep Learning
  • Qiang Zhang1, Ziyu Pei1, Rong Guo1, Haojun Zhang2, Wanru Kong2, Jie Lu3, Xueyan Liu1,*
1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, 730070, China
2 Gansu Provincial People's Hospital, Lanzhou, 730070, China
3 Health Statistics and Information Center of Gansu Province, Health Commission of Gansu Province, Lanzhou, 730070, China
* Corresponding Author: Xueyan Liu. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Paradigms of Deep Learning, Big Data Analytics, Artificial Intelligence and Mathematical Statistics in Medical Applications for Combating Epidemics)
Received 02 September 2021; Accepted 25 January 2022; Issue published 27 June 2022
Personal protective equipment (PPE) donning detection for medical staff is a key link of medical operation safety guarantee and is of great significance to combat COVID-19. However, the lack of dedicated datasets makes the scarce research on intelligence monitoring of workers’ PPE use in the field of healthcare. In this paper, we construct a dress codes dataset for medical staff under the epidemic. And based on this, we propose a PPE donning automatic detection approach using deep learning. With the participation of health care personnel, we organize 6 volunteers dressed in different combinations of PPE to simulate more dress situations in the preset structured environment, and an effective and robust dataset is constructed with a total of 5233 preprocessed images. Starting from the task's dual requirements for speed and accuracy, we use the YOLOv4 convolutional neural network as our learning model to judge whether the donning of different PPE classes corresponds to the body parts of the medical staff meets the dress codes to ensure their self-protection safety. Experimental results show that compared with three typical deep-learning-based detection models, our method achieves a relatively optimal balance while ensuring high detection accuracy (84.14%), with faster processing time (42.02 ms) after the average analysis of 17 classes of PPE donning situation. Overall, this research focuses on the automatic detection of worker safety protection for the first time in healthcare, which will help to improve its technical level of risk management and the ability to respond to potentially hazardous events.
COVID-19; medical staff; personal protective equipment donning detection; deep learning; intelligent monitoring
Cite This Article
Zhang, Q., Pei, Z., Guo, R., Zhang, H., Kong, W. et al. (2022). An Automated Detection Approach of Protective Equipment Donning for Medical Staff under COVID-19 Using Deep Learning. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 132(3), 845–863.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.