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Frequency Domain Based Solution for Certain Class of Wave Equations: An exhaustive study of Numerical Solutions

Vinita Chellappan1, S. Gopalakrishnan1 and V. Mani1
1 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2014, 97(2), 131-174. https://doi.org/10.3970/cmes.2014.097.131

Abstract

The paper discusses the frequency domain based solution for a certain class of wave equations such as: a second order partial differential equation in one variable with constant and varying coefficients (Cantilever beam) and a coupled second order partial differential equation in two variables with constant and varying coefficients (Timoshenko beam). The exact solution of the Cantilever beam with uniform and varying cross-section and the Timoshenko beam with uniform cross-section is available. However, the exact solution for Timoshenko beam with varying cross-section is not available. Laplace spectral methods are used to solve these problems exactly in frequency domain. The numerical solution in frequency domain is done by discretisation in space by approximating the unknown function using spectral functions like Chebyshev polynomials, Legendre polynomials and also Normal polynomials. Different numerical methods such as Galerkin Method, Petrov- Galerkin method, Method of moments and Collocation method or the Pseudo-spectral method in frequency domain are studied and compared with the available exact solution. An approximate solution is also obtained for the Timoshenko beam with varying cross-section using Laplace Spectral Element Method (LSEM). The group speeds are computed exactly for the Cantilever beam and Timoshenko beam with uniform cross-section and is compared with the group speeds obtained numerically. The shear mode and the bending modes of the Timoshenko beam with uniform cross-section are separated numerically by applying a modulated pulse as the shear force and the corresponding group speeds for varying taper parameter m are obtained numerically by varying the frequency of the input pulse. An approximate expression for calculating group speeds corresponding to the shear mode and the bending mode, and also the cut-off frequency is obtained. Finally, we show that the cut-off frequency disappears for large m, for ε > 0 and increases for large m, for ε < 0.

Keywords

Partial differential equation, Spectral finite element method, Frequency domain method, Timoshenko beam, group speed, cut-off frequency

Cite This Article

Chellappan, V., Gopalakrishnan, S. (2014). Frequency Domain Based Solution for Certain Class of Wave Equations: An exhaustive study of Numerical Solutions. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 97(2), 131–174.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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