Open AccessOpen Access


Effectiveness of Mind-Body Exercise on Burnout and Stress in Female Undergraduate Students

Xiaohong Zhu1, Tongyang Chu2, Qian Yu3, Jinming Li3, Xingyu Zhang3, Yanjie Zhang3,4,*, Liye Zou3

1 College of Sports Science, Jishou University, Jishou, 416000, China
2 College of Arts and Physical Education, Sejong University, Seoul, 05006, South Korea
3 Exercise Psychophysiology Laboratory, Institute of KEEP Collaborative Innovation, School of Psychology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, 518060, China
4 Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea

* Corresponding Author: Yanjie Zhang. Email:

International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 2021, 23(3), 353-360.


This study was to investigate the effects of mind-body exercise on burnout and perceived stress among female undergraduate students. A sample of 146 female undergraduate students took part in this study. They were assigned to mind-body exercise group (n = 91) and control group (n = 55). Mind-body exercise group received three 90-min sessions of Baduanjin exercise per week lasting for 12-weeks. There was no intervention in the control group. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey was used to assess burnout level, and the 10-item perceived stress scale was used to assess stress level. Significant decreases in emotional exhaustion (p < 0.001), cynicism (p < 0.001) and perceived stress (p < 0.001) were found in the mind-body exercise group compared with control group. Furthermore after 12-week mind-body exercise, emotional exhaustion, cynicism and perceived stress had greater reduction. Mind-body exercise (Baduanjin) may be considered an alternative strategy to reduce burnout and perceived stress in female undergraduate students.


Cite This Article

Zhu, X., Chu, T., Yu, Q., Li, J., Zhang, X. et al. (2021). Effectiveness of Mind-Body Exercise on Burnout and Stress in Female Undergraduate Students. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 23(3), 353–360.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1774


  • 868


  • 0


Share Link