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Protective Factors for Loneliness among Adolescents during COVID-19: Role of the Interpersonal Relationships and Sibling Status

Sha Shen1, Saidi Wang2,*, Md Zahir Ahmed3, Fatema Akhter Hiramoni4, Jingrong Sha1, Xiangdong Yan5, Mary C. Jobe6 and Oli Ahmed7

1 College of Educational Science and Technology, Northwest Minzu University, Lanzhou, 730030, China
2 Gansu 24 Refractive New Media Technology Co., Ltd., Lanzhou, 730030, China
3 School of Psychology, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, 730070, China
4 Department of Economics, Sheikh Hasina University, Netrokona, 2410, Bangladesh
5 Shanghai Hui Ye (Lanzhou) Law Office, Lanzhou, 730030, China
6 Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington DC, 20052, USA
7 Department of Psychology, University of Chittagong, Chattogram, 4331, Bangladesh

* Corresponding Author:Saidi Wang. Email: email

International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 2021, 23(4), 499-511.


This study examined the moderating effects of parent-child, same-sex, opposite-sex and teacher-student relationships between sibling status and loneliness during COVID-19. A total of 1,591 adolescents in China completed the study questionnaires which assessed the aforementioned variables. The results showed that same-sex and teacherstudent relationships moderated the association between sibling status and loneliness. The results indicated that among participants with good same-sex relationships during COVID-19, compared to non-only-children participants, the only-children participants were more likely to experience a lower level of loneliness. However, participants with poor same-sex relationships experienced similar level of loneliness regardless of whether they had siblings. These findings would be helpful for parents, teachers, and other stakeholders to take effective measures to reduce loneliness feelings among Chinese adolescents.


Cite This Article

Shen, S., Wang, S., Ahmed, M. Z., Hiramoni, F. A., Sha, J. et al. (2021). Protective Factors for Loneliness among Adolescents during COVID-19: Role of the Interpersonal Relationships and Sibling Status. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 23(4), 499–511.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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